Skip to main content

PFASs in tree swallows in the Upper Midwest data


Publication Date
Start Date
End Date


Custer, C.M., 2020, PFASs in tree swallows in the Upper Midwest data: U.S. Geological Survey data release,


The exposure and effects of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) were studied at eight locations in Minnesota and Wisconsin between 2007and 2011 using tree swallows (Tachycineta bicolor). Concentrations of PFASs were quantified as were reproductive success endpoints. The sample egg method was used wherein an egg sample is collected, and the hatching success of the remaining eggs in the nest is assessed. The association between PFAS exposure and reproductive success was assessed by site comparisons, logistic regression analysis, and multistate modeling, a technique not previously used in this context. There was a negative association between concentrations of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) in eggs and hatching success. The concentration [...]


Originator :
Christine M Custer
Point of Contact :
Christine M Custer
Metadata Contact :
Christine M Custer
SDC Data Owner :
Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center
USGS Mission Area :
Distributor :
U.S. Geological Survey - ScienceBase

Attached Files

Click on title to download individual files attached to this item.

UMR_data_report_PFASs_V1.csv 26.25 KB text/csv


The objective of this study was to assess exposure to and effects from PFAS at various types of wetlands, and across urban and industrial locations in Minnesota and Wisconsin.

Additional Information


Type Scheme Key
DOI doi:10.5066/P9X96MTT

Item Actions

View Item as ...

Save Item as ...

View Item...