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Studies conducted since the late 1970s have estimated the net energy value (NEV) of corn ethanol. However, variations in data and assumptions used among the studies have resulted in a wide range of estimates. This study identifies the factors causing this wide variation and develops a more consistent estimate. We conclude that the NEV of corn ethanol has been rising over time due to technological advances in ethanol conversion and increased efficiency in farm production. We show that corn ethanol is energy efficient as indicated by an energy output:input ratio of 1.34.
Geothermal energy, carbon sequestration, and enhanced oil and gas recovery have a clear role in U.S. energy policy, both in securing cost-effective energy and reducing atmospheric CO2 accumulations. Recent publicity surrounding induced seismicity at several geothermal and oil and gas sites points out the need to develop improved standards and practices to avoid issues that may unduly inhibit or stop the above technologies from fulfilling their full potential. It is critical that policy makers and the general community be assured that EGS, CO2 sequestration, enhanced oil/gas recovery, and other technologies relying on fluid injections, will be designed to reduce induced seismicity to an acceptable level, and be developed...
We have developed a state-scale version of the MARKAL energy optimization model, commonly used to model energy policy at the US national scale and internationally. We apply the model to address state-scale impacts of a renewable electricity standard (RES) and a carbon tax in one southeastern state, Georgia. Biomass is the lowest cost option for large-scale renewable generation in Georgia; we find that electricity can be generated from biomass co-firing at existing coal plants for a marginal cost above baseline of 0.2-2.2 cents/kWh and from dedicated biomass facilities for 3.0-5.5 cents/kWh above baseline. We evaluate the cost and amount of renewable electricity that would be produced in-state and the amount of out-of-state...
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ThThe purpose of the Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project (CREMP) is to monitor the status and trends of selected reefs in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary(FKNMS). CREMP assessments have been conducted annually at fixed sites since 1996 and data collected provides information on the temporal changes in benthic cover and diversity of stony corals and associated marine flora and fauna. The core field methods continue to be underwater videography and timed coral species inventories. Findings presented in this report include data from 109 stations at 37 sites sampled from 1996 through 2008 in the Florida Keys and 1999 through 2008 in the Dry Tortugas. The report describes the annual differences (between...
Categories: Data; Types: NetCDF OPeNDAP Service; Tags: Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project (CREMP), about, absence, accepted, acceptedNameAuthorship, All tags...
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The data presented include concentrations of 122 organic, 23 inorganic constituents, and estrogenicity in water collected from 13 off-stream non-point source sites (natural and created wetlands) and eight on-stream point source sites (streams and impoundments) in the New Jersey Pinelands, 2017-2020. Native and non-native fish health data collected from the on-stream sites as well as native frog data collected from the off-stream sites are also included. For the on-stream point-source component, we analyzed water chemistry, hormone activity, and collected native and non-native fish from two locations upstream and one downstream from two municipal wastewater treatment plants (six total sites) and from two minimally...
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The data in this release describe various aspects of the impacts of urbanization on evapotranspiration at local to global spatial scales. This data release is associated with the publication of these results in a concurrent journal article. Analyses in the journal article included comparisons between urban and non-urban ET in a variety of climate settings and spatial scales. Urbanization has been shown to locally increase the nighttime temperatures creating urban heat islands, which partly arise due to evapotranspiration (ET) reduction. It is unclear how the direction and magnitude of the change in local ET due to urbanization varies globally across different climatic regimes. This knowledge gap is critical, both...
This data file contains a list of journal articles found in a recent search for research relevant to studying landscape perceptions. We collected all peer reviewed academic articles containing the keywords “landscape” and “perception” on the web of science resulting in 3497 records. To eliminate studies not directly addressing landscape perception we filtered out medical journal articles (n=1211). We also chose to limit our assessment to journals directly concerned with the landscape perception topic, omitting those with fewer than 5 articles pertaining to these keywords (n=1044). The abstract and title of the remaining articles (n=1242) were further scanned to discard irrelevant studies and evaluate specific methods...
This Titanium_vanadium_deposits.csv file contains data about titanium-vanadium deposits hosted in mafic-ultramafic layered intrusions and massif anorthosite intrusions around the world. It lists the deposits and associated information such as the host intrusion, location, grade, and tonnage data, along with other miscellaneous descriptive data about the deposits. Also included with this data release are the following files: Titanium_vanadium_deposits.shp file, which duplicates the information in the Titanium_vanadium_deposits.csv file in a spatial format for use in a GIS; Titanium_vanadium_column_headings.csv file, which correlates the column headings in the Titanium_vanadium_deposits.csv file with the attribute...
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The purpose of the Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project (CREMP) is to monitor the status and trends of selected reefs in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary(FKNMS). CREMP assessments have been conducted annually at fixed sites since 1996 and data collected provides information on the temporal changes in benthic cover and diversity of stony corals and associated marine flora and fauna. The core field methods continue to be underwater videography and timed coral species inventories. Findings presented in this report include data from 109 stations at 37 sites sampled from 1996 through 2008 in the Florida Keys and 1999 through 2008 in the Dry Tortugas. The report describes the annual differences (between...
Categories: Data; Types: NetCDF OPeNDAP Service; Tags: Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project (CREMP), about, absence, accepted, acceptedNameAuthorship, All tags...
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The purpose of the Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project (CREMP) is to monitor the status and trends of selected reefs in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary(FKNMS). CREMP assessments have been conducted annually at fixed sites since 1996 and data collected provides information on the temporal changes in benthic cover and diversity of stony corals and associated marine flora and fauna. The core field methods continue to be underwater videography and timed coral species inventories. Findings presented in this report include data from 109 stations at 37 sites sampled from 1996 through 2008 in the Florida Keys and 1999 through 2008 in the Dry Tortugas. The report describes the annual differences (between...
Categories: Data; Types: NetCDF OPeNDAP Service; Tags: Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project Florida Keys 2017, about, absence, accepted, acceptedNameAuthorship, All tags...
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The purpose of the Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project (CREMP) is to monitor the status and trends of selected reefs in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary(FKNMS). CREMP assessments have been conducted annually at fixed sites since 1996 and data collected provides information on the temporal changes in benthic cover and diversity of stony corals and associated marine flora and fauna. The core field methods continue to be underwater videography and timed coral species inventories. Findings presented in this report include data from 109 stations at 37 sites sampled from 1996 through 2008 in the Florida Keys and 1999 through 2008 in the Dry Tortugas. The report describes the annual differences (between...
Categories: Data; Types: NetCDF OPeNDAP Service; Tags: Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project Florida Keys 1999, about, absence, accepted, acceptedNameAuthorship, All tags...
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The purpose of the Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project (CREMP) is to monitor the status and trends of selected reefs in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary(FKNMS). CREMP assessments have been conducted annually at fixed sites since 1996 and data collected provides information on the temporal changes in benthic cover and diversity of stony corals and associated marine flora and fauna. The core field methods continue to be underwater videography and timed coral species inventories. Findings presented in this report include data from 109 stations at 37 sites sampled from 1996 through 2008 in the Florida Keys and 1999 through 2008 in the Dry Tortugas. The report describes the annual differences (between...
Categories: Data; Types: NetCDF OPeNDAP Service; Tags: Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project (CREMP), about, absence, accepted, acceptedNameAuthorship, All tags...
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This service time enables a series of world maps for the extended period 1901-2100 to depict global trends in observed climate and projected climate change scenarios. These world maps were downloaded from the Institute for Veterinary Public Health's website here. This updated world map of Köppen-Geiger climate classification was based on temperature and precipitation observations for the This service time enables a series of world maps for the extended period 1901-2100 to depict global trends in observed climate and projected climate change scenarios. These world maps were downloaded from the Institute for Veterinary Public Health's website here. This updated world map of Köppen-Geiger...
This study analyses three feasible regulation methods of an in-service cogeneration plant. The main task is to study the potential energy savings, CO2 reduction and the increase in profitability compatible with the lowest transformation costs. The cogeneration system is composed of two General Electric LM2500 gas turbines and a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG). Two plant localizations in Spain have been considered; San Fernando (Cádiz) where the current plant is located, and Burgos. The latter has been taken into account to analyze the effect of cooler weather on the regulation methods. The paper has been divided into three parts. First, a revision of the current legislation regarding cogeneration in Spain is...
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The purpose of the Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project (CREMP) is to monitor the status and trends of selected reefs in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary(FKNMS). CREMP assessments have been conducted annually at fixed sites since 1996 and data collected provides information on the temporal changes in benthic cover and diversity of stony corals and associated marine flora and fauna. The core field methods continue to be underwater videography and timed coral species inventories. Findings presented in this report include data from 109 stations at 37 sites sampled from 1996 through 2008 in the Florida Keys and 1999 through 2008 in the Dry Tortugas. The report describes the annual differences (between...
Categories: Data; Types: NetCDF OPeNDAP Service; Tags: Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project Florida Keys 2010, about, absence, accepted, acceptedNameAuthorship, All tags...
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The purpose of the Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project (CREMP) is to monitor the status and trends of selected reefs in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary(FKNMS). CREMP assessments have been conducted annually at fixed sites since 1996 and data collected provides information on the temporal changes in benthic cover and diversity of stony corals and associated marine flora and fauna. The core field methods continue to be underwater videography and timed coral species inventories. Findings presented in this report include data from 109 stations at 37 sites sampled from 1996 through 2008 in the Florida Keys and 1999 through 2008 in the Dry Tortugas. The report describes the annual differences (between...
Categories: Data; Types: NetCDF OPeNDAP Service; Tags: Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project (CREMP), about, absence, accepted, acceptedNameAuthorship, All tags...
Earthquake-triggered ground-failure, such as landsliding and liquefaction, can contribute significantly to losses, but our current ability to accurately include them in earthquake hazard analyses is limited. The development of robust and transportable models requires access to numerous inventories of ground failure triggered by earthquakes that span a broad range of terrains, shaking characteristics, and climates. We present an openly accessible, centralized earthquake-triggered ground-failure inventory repository in the form of a ScienceBase Community to provide open access to these data, and help accelerate progress. The Community hosts digital inventories created by both USGS and non-USGS authors. We present...
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The mid-Piacenzian is known as a period of relative warmth when compared to the present day. A comprehensive understanding of conditions during the Piacenzian serves as both a conceptual model and a source for boundary conditions as well as means of verification of global climate model experiments. These data are provided as digital representations of mid Pliocene boundary conditions stored in NetCDF format for use with climate models.
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The purpose of the Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project (CREMP) is to monitor the status and trends of selected reefs in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary(FKNMS). CREMP assessments have been conducted annually at fixed sites since 1996 and data collected provides information on the temporal changes in benthic cover and diversity of stony corals and associated marine flora and fauna. The core field methods continue to be underwater videography and timed coral species inventories. Findings presented in this report include data from 109 stations at 37 sites sampled from 1996 through 2008 in the Florida Keys and 1999 through 2008 in the Dry Tortugas. The report describes the annual differences (between...
Categories: Data; Types: NetCDF OPeNDAP Service; Tags: Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project Florida Keys 2000, about, absence, accepted, acceptedNameAuthorship, All tags...
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The purpose of the Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project (CREMP) is to monitor the status and trends of selected reefs in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary(FKNMS).CREMP assessments have been conducted annually at fixed sites since 1996 and data collectedprovides information on the temporal changes in benthic cover and diversity of stony corals andassociated marine flora and fauna. The core field methods continue to be underwatervideography and timed coral species inventories. Findings presented in this report include datafrom 109 stations at 37 sites sampled from 1996 through 2008 in the Florida Keys and 1999 through 2008 in the Dry Tortugas. The report describes the annual differences (between 2007...
Categories: Data; Types: NetCDF OPeNDAP Service; Tags: Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project (CREMP), about, absence, accepted, acceptedNameAuthorship, All tags...


map background search result map search result map Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project Florida Keys 1997 Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project Florida Keys 1999 Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project Florida Keys 2001 Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project Florida Keys 2008 Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project Florida Keys 2000 Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project Florida Keys 2010 Urbanization Impacts on Evapotranspiration Across Various Spatio-temporal Scales Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project Florida Keys 2017 Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project Dry Tortugas 2015 Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project Dry Tortugas 2003 Organic and inorganic constituents in surface water and native and non-native fish and frog health data collected from streams, impoundments and wetlands in the New Jersey Pinelands, 2017-2020 (ver. 1.1, August 2022) Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project Dry Tortugas 2003 Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project Dry Tortugas 2015 Urbanization Impacts on Evapotranspiration Across Various Spatio-temporal Scales