Filters: Tags: solute transport (X)178 results (42ms)
Component flow processes at four streams in the Catskill Mountains, New York, analysed using episodic concentration/discharge relationships
Fluid flow and reactive transport around potential nuclear waste emplacement tunnels at Yucca Mountain, Nevada
Role of suspended particles in the discharge of super(210)Pb and super(7)Be within the Kuji River watershed, Japan
Integrated modelling of the soil-water-atmosphere-plant system using the model SWAP 2.0 an overview of theory and an application
Rethinking hyporheic flow and transient storage to advance understanding of stream-catchment connections
Although surface water and groundwater are increasingly referred to as one resource, there remain environmental and ecosystem needs to study the 10 m to 1 km reach scale as one hydrologic system. Streams gain and lose water over a range of spatial and temporal scales. Large spatial scales (kilometers) have traditionally been recognized and studied as river-aquifer connections. Over the last 25 years hyporheic exchange flows (1–10 m) have been studied extensively. Often a transient storage model has been used to quantify the physical solute transport setting in which biogeochemical processes occur. At the longer 10 m to 1 km scale of stream reaches it is now clear that streams which gain water overall can coincidentally...
Testing density-dependent groundwater models: two-dimensional steady state unstable convection in infinite, finite and inclined porous layers
This study proposes the use of several problems of unstable steady state convection with variable fluid density in a porous layer of infinite horizontal extent as two-dimensional (2-D) test cases for density-dependent groundwater flow and solute transport simulators. Unlike existing density-dependent model benchmarks, these problems have well-defined stability criteria that are determined analytically. These analytical stability indicators can be compared with numerical model results to test the ability of a code to accurately simulate buoyancy driven flow and diffusion. The basic analytical solution is for a horizontally infinite fluid-filled porous layer in which fluid density decreases with depth. The proposed...
Gas partitioning of dissolved volatile organic compounds in the vadose zone: Principles, temperature effects and literature review
Toxic contaminants and naturally occurring substances found in the subsurface can exist in multiple phases, and undergo complex reactions including biodegradation. A comprehensive and quantitative understanding of the processes controlling the fate and transport of subsurface contaminants is necessary to develop policies and strategies for managing water-quality conditions in different land use and environmental settings. Numerical models that simulate flow, transport, and reactions are useful tools for understanding the fate of chemicals in the subsurface when used in conjunction with field and laboratory studies. The research efforts of this project consider flow and chemical behavior in the saturated and unsaturated...