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This study explores the influence of variable soil depths on simulated land?atmosphere exchanges from a currently operational land surface model over the North American Monsoon (NAM) region of southwestern North America. It is shown that the neglect of observed (actual) soil depths can limit land surface model performance at the sites studied. The main impact of accounting for shallower soil depths is to increase the dispersion, (i.e. the dynamic range) of sensible and latent heat fluxes when compared with simulations using a common fixed soil column depth of 2 meters. It is also shown that accounting for local soil depth variability can, moderately, improve land surface model flux estimation as compared with tower...
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Soil depth (cm) affects communities primarily because shallow soils (usually on steep slopes or ridgetops) limit deep-rooted plants. A "restrictive layer" is a nearly continuous layer that has one or more physical, chemical, or thermal properties that significantly impede the movement of water and air through the soil or that restrict roots or otherwise provide an unfavorable root environment. if no restrictive layer is described in a map unit, it is represented by the ">200' depth class, This attribute is actually recorded as three separate values in the database. A low value and a high value indicate the range of this attribute for the soil component. A "representative" value indicates the expected value of this...
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These data were compiled to support analysis of remote sensing data using the Disturbance Automated Reference Toolset (Nauman et al., 2017). The objective of our study was to assess results of pinyon and juniper land treatments. These data represent major soil types as defined primarily by soil texture and depth, but also geology, parent material, and geomorphology for relevant features that distinguish major ecological land units. These data were created from field soil descriptions collected in the upper Colorado River watershed mostly since 2000, but include some older data catalogued in USDS Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) databases. These soils data used in model training were collected by NRCS...
Tags: Arizona, Colorado, Colorado Plateau, Colorado River, Colorado River Basin, All tags...
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Soil data were collected from catchments of USGS edge-of-field (EOF) monitoring sites in Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) priority watersheds. As part of this release, soil data from 2016 through 2019 are provided from 14 sites spanning 5 Great Lake States (Wisconsin, Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, and New York). The data collected are from private farms representing a variety of agronomic systems, landscapes settings, soil types, and climate regimes. These data can be used to investigate relationships among microbial properties (e.g. soil microbial biomass, activity, diversity, and enzymes), general soil structure (e.g. bulk density, soil aggregate structure, soil water holding capacity, soil texture, and infiltration...
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This record contains scientific data characterizing soil properties and hydrologic response to rainfall associated with historic rainfall during September 2013 in the Colorado Front Range, USA. Data include soil depth, soil-hydraulic properties of field-saturated hydraulic conductivity and sorptivity, weathered bedrock hydraulic properties including field-saturated hydraulic conductivity and sorptivity, and soil saturation from automated sensors installed at various depths. Data sites include burned (fire-affected) and unburned (not affected by the 2010 wildfire).
The distribution and turnover of plant litter contribute to soil structure, the availability of plant nutrients, and regional budgets of greenhouse gasses. Traditionally, studies of decomposition have focused on the upper soil profile. Other work has shown that temperature, precipitation, and soil texture are important determinates of patterns of decomposition. Since these factors all vary through a soil profile, it has been suggested that decomposition rates may vary with depth in a soil profile. In this work, we examine patterns of root decomposition through a shortgrass steppe soil profile. We buried fresh root litter from Bouteloua gracilis plants in litterbags at 10, 40, 70, and 100 cm. Litterbags were retrieved...
Prairie dog (Cynomys spp.) populations have been reduced by 98% compared to historical levels because of widespread poisoning, habitat loss, recreational shooting, and outbreaks of sylvatic plague (Yersinia pestis). Our objectives were to identify habitat correlates of Gunnison's prairie dog (C. gunnisoni) colonies and to develop a predictive logistic regression model to identify potential reintroduction sites for this species. During 2000 and 2001, we examined habitat features at 50 Gunnison's prairie dog colonies and 50 paired random sites in northern Arizona, USA. When compared to random sites, Gunnison's prairie dog colonies had deeper soils, less variability in slope, and less rock ground cover. Our results...


    map background search result map search result map Soil Depth Soil depth in the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment area Soil depth and soil-hydraulic properties of the Sugarloaf experimental catchment; 2010 Fourmile Canyon Fire area, Colorado Soil physical, chemical, and biological data from edge-of-field agricultural water quality monitoring sites in Great Lakes States Soil family particle size class map for Colorado River Basin above Lake Mead Soil depth and soil-hydraulic properties of the Sugarloaf experimental catchment; 2010 Fourmile Canyon Fire area, Colorado Soil physical, chemical, and biological data from edge-of-field agricultural water quality monitoring sites in Great Lakes States Soil family particle size class map for Colorado River Basin above Lake Mead Soil depth in the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment area Soil Depth