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North Pacific Forest Landscape Corridor and Connectivity Project: Assessing Landscape and Species Vulnerability - Final Report
Overview Land and resource managers in the North Pacific Landscape Conservation Cooperative (NPLCC) currently lack conservation planning tools that can directly feed into the planning, design, delivery, and monitoring of ecosystems across all levels of biodiversity from genes to ecosystems. The North Pacific Forest Landscape Corridor and Connectivity Project utilized a landscape connectivity simulator (UNICOR) and a genetic simulation program (CDPOP) to model the functional (dispersal and genetic) connectivity in the North Pacific Landscape. The outputs from these programs indicated areas with high potential for landscape and genetic isolation and low probability of dispersal and colonization. In addition, this...
Final Report: Determine if climate change can affect the gathering calendar and natural resources of Kasaan Village and nearby Tribes on Prince of Wales Island
This project will utilize traditional ecological knowledge to establish traditional gathering practices. Interviews will be conducted with traditional gatherers (a.k.a. subsistence) over the last two generations to get baseline data. The project will have a direct focus on the four (4) federally recognized Tribes on Prince of Wales Island (Craig, Hydaburg, Kasaan and Klawock).
NPLCC Traditional Knowledge Final Report- Engaging SE Alaska Tribes on TEK, though Central Council of Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of AK
Central Council Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska (Central Council) assisted the Organized Village of Kasaan (OVK) in their NPLCC grant, Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Climate Change project. A survey was developed and used to interview traditional gathers on the time of year they did subsistence gathering.
Implementing climate‐smart resource management across multiple ownerships in southwestern Oregon - Publication
Multiple agencies and organizations in southwestern Oregon have made significant progress in collaborative restoration of forest landscapes and in projecting climate change effects and adaptation responses. We will build on these efforts by moving proposed activities forward using a climate-informed framework. Specifically, we will (1) implement “shovel-ready” restoration projects using climate-smart management practices, (2) prioritize additional proposed restoration projects informed by a recent climate change assessment, and (3) mainstream climate-smart thinking in federal planning efforts. These activities will ensure that restoration in southwestern Oregon is resilient to future climatic variability and change.
This project will provide a comprehensive synthesis of beaver recolonization science and techniques for successful reintroduction or population expansion through a thorough, in-depth, coordinated review of all North American beaver-related information, including identification of research gaps and data needs, and recommendations for project implementation. This information will be disseminated through a series of one-day workshops.
Spatial Representation of Subsistence Data in Alaska - A Mapping Interface of the Community Subsistence Information System - Final Report
This project integrated a map-based interface into the Alaska Department of Fish and Game’s Community Subsistence Information System to provide for simple navigation, and representation of the availability of information by type, time series, and location.
This project will complete a tribally-based climate change vulnerability assessment t and adaptation plan for Eulachon that spawn in the Chilkoot and Chilkat rivers near Haines, Alaska. Local monitoring will collect data on spawning populations in the Chilkoot River, and a tribal stakeholder group will be convened to analyze climate change projections, apply traditional knowledge, rank climate vulnerabilities, and prioritized adaptation strategies.
Data Products for Incorporating Spatial Heterogeneity in Temperature into Climate Vulnerability Assessments for Coastal Pacific Streams
Descriptions of data produced by the project entitled “Incorporating Spatial Heterogeneity in Temperature into Climate Vulnerability Assessments for Coastal Pacific Streams” by Fullerton, Lawler, Lee, and Torgersen, 2017. Data are organized into three main folders: ‘Tabular’, which contains data tables, ‘Shapefiles’, which contains geospatial data, and ‘Images’, which contains maps and plots. The file structure and content descriptions are provided below. /Tabular:For each subfolder, a metadata file (“_Metadata_xxxx.csv”) describes the data and fields. /TIR: Thermal infrared (TIR) remotely sensed data for individual river surveys. Data were extracted from TIR shapefile attribute tables (see /Shapefiles/OriginalTIR)....
This project will look at how climate change has altered hydrologic systems, Pacific salmon habitat, and survival of salmon in the Nooksack River watershed. It will develop an adaptation plan that can be adopted and integrated into management plans.Project Objectives for NPLCC funding:1. Assess climate change impacts on fish and fish biology and inform salmon habitat restoration actions aimed at perpetuating all nine salmonid species in the Nooksack River basin in the face of climate change (partially funded by proposed NPLCC funding).2. Conduct a vulnerability assessment that will ultimately reduce sensitivity, reduce exposure, and increase adaptive capacity of salmon to climate change impacts (partially funded...
The over-arching theme of this work is that soil data affect the performance and realism of vegetation models with particular focus on their ability to predict or explain disturbances such as fire or disease. We tested the sensitivity of the Excel version of the 3-PG model to soil properties and applied this information to understanding bark beetle attacks in drought-stressed forests. We tested the sensitivity of the MC2 model to soil depth with a particular focus on how soils affect the biogeochemistry and fire modules of the Dynamic Global Vegetation Model (DGVM). We found in these sensitivity analyses, soil depth, soil water storage capacity (ASW) and soil texture are among the most important soil factors to...
The Blueprint 2.0 Data Gallery is a website dedicated to the final Blueprint 2.0 spatial data. This website is located on the South Atlantic Landscape Conservation Cooperative’s Conservation Planning Atlas. On this website, users can explore the final Blueprint 2.0 spatial data as well as the spatial data used to create Blueprint 2.0. This website features an interactive mapping feature so that users who do not have access to desktop GIS can explore the spatial data.
Arithmetic mean of the rank values of sensitivity and exposure variables.
Our objective was to model the risk of becoming intermittent under drier climate conditions on small, ungaged streams in the Upper Colorado River Basin. Modeling streamflows is an important tool for understanding landscape-scale drivers of flow and estimating flows where there are no gaged records. We focused our study in the Upper Colorado River Basin, a region that is not only critical for water resources but also projected to experience large future climate shifts toward a drier climate. We used a conditional inference modeling approach to model the relation between intermittency status on gaged streams (115 gages) and selected mean and minimum flow metrics. We then projected intermittency status and if a stream...
Introduction: Tamarisk (Tamarix spp., also saltcedar) is a non-native tree introduced to the United States during the 19th century as an ornamental species and solution to erosion in the American West (Robinson 1965). Tamarisk can form dense monotypic stands, which have been linked to a decline in richness and diversity of native plants (Engel-Wilson & Ohmart 1978; Lovich et al. 1994) and wildlife (Anderson et al. 1977; Durst et al. 2008) in riparian areas. As a result, natural resource managers have invested millions of dollars to control tamarisk (Shafroth & Briggs 2008). Few studies have conducted community-level analyses to document the impact of one of these methods, the introduction of a native enemy or predator,...
Desert Landscape Conservation Cooperative Boundary delineates the spatial extent of the DLCC. The vector boundary is available as both a shapefile and KML file. This is a derivative product of the LCCs shapefile produced by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, accessed from http:/http://www.fws.gov/GIS/data/national/ in 2014.To access the KML file, click on the ScienceBase URL and then select Open in Google Earth (KML). To access the shapefile (FWS_LCC_DLCC.shp), click on FWS_LCC_DLCC.zip linked from this product profile.
There are few resources that provide managers cross-scale information for planning climate adaptation strategies for species and taxa at risk. Appropriate allocation of resources requires an understanding of mechanisms influencing a species’ risk to global change. Dr. Griffis-Kyle will produce a manuscript for peer-reviewed publication and create content for web pages that can be included on the Desert LCC website that provide modules on amphibian climate adaptation strategies. This work is associated with addressing Desert LCC Critical Management Question 4: Physiological Stress of Climate Change and follows a webinar that Dr. Griffis-Kyle presented for the Desert LCC’s CMQ 4 team, titled “Climate and Desert Amphibian...
The Midwestern Region is dominated by intensive agricultural production, primarily corn and soybeans. Economic pressures result in optimizing acreage planted and may place pressure on producers to resign not enroll in conservation programs. At issue is the balance between ecosystem services provided by acres in conservation programs and those in agricultural production. Intensive agricultural production (e.g., high levels of fertilizers) in this region are major contributors to Gulf hypoxia (i.e., reduced levels of ecosystem services) in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Researchers in the Human Dimensions Research Program at the Illinois Natural History Survey (INHS), through a grant provided by the Illinois Department...
Reports document development of models and Decision Support Tools (DSTs) that inform conservation delivery for easements and habitat management within the Flint Hills Legacy Conservation Area (LCA) that address population and habitat objectives for surrogate species. Objectives include: 1) survey Henslow’s sparrow throughout the LCA; 2) gather habitat data along survey routes; 3) develop Flint Hills wide relative probability of occurrence, density, and habitat models for Henslow’s sparrows based on data gathered; and 4) apply models to create spatially explicit desicion support tools for use in the FWS Flint Hills LCA prioritization system, Region 6 surrogate species, and to support US FWS Partners for Fish & Wildlife...
A sea level rise vulnerability assessment has been completed for the shorelines of San Juan County Washington. This tool was developed to enhance understanding among land managers, provide a scientific foundation for shoreline management decisions and improve conservation of shoreline processes critical to ecosystem health. This project will create a comprehensive communication strategy that includes improving the model’s credibility, researching adaptation strategies, creating decision support tools, and hosting focus meetings.
A conservation and restoration priorities tool was developed that provides online access to regional information including: climate change projections, watershed condition, freshwater and terrestrial species, forest ecosystem information and invasive species information.