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Leaf carbonisotope discrimination (?) was measured for three dominant, semi-arid woodland species along a summer monsoon gradient inthe southwestern United States over a 2-year period. We tested the hypothesis that decreased humidity levels during the growing season along this gradient resulted in lower leaf ? values. Sites of similar elevation along the transect were selected and the range in monsoon contribution to overall annual precipitation varied from 18 to 58%, while total annual precipitation differed by a maximum of only 25% across this gradient. Leaf ? values in Quercus gambelii were negatively correlated with ?, a seasonally-weighted estimate of the evaporative humidity gradient, suggesting that stomatal...
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In the arid southwest of North America, winter precipitation penetrates to deep soil layers, whereas summer "monsoon" precipitation generally wets only surface layers. Use of these spatially separated water sources was determined for three dominant tree species of the pinyon-juniper ecosystem at six sites along a gradient of increasing summer precipitation in Utah and Arizona. Mean summer precipitation ranged from 79 to 286 mm, or from 18% to 60% of the annual total across the gradient. We predicted that, along this summer rainfall gradient, populations of dominant tree species would exhibit a clinal off-on response for use of water from upper soil layers, responding at particular threshold levels of summer precipitation...


    map background search result map search result map Intra- and Interspecific Variation for Summer Precipitation Use in Pinyon-Juniper Woodlands Carbon isotope discrimination in three semi-arid woodland species along a monsoon gradient Intra- and Interspecific Variation for Summer Precipitation Use in Pinyon-Juniper Woodlands Carbon isotope discrimination in three semi-arid woodland species along a monsoon gradient