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Although biotic responses to contemporary climate change are spatially pervasive and often reflect synergies between climate and other ecological disturbances, the relative importance of climatic factors versus habitat extent for species persistence remains poorly understood. To address this shortcoming, we performed surveys for American pikas (Ochotona princeps) at > 910 locations in 3 geographic regions of western North America during 2014 and 2015, complementing earlier modern (1994–2013) and historical (1898–1990) surveys. We sought to compare extirpation rates and the relative importance of climatic factors versus habitat area for pikas in a mainland-versus-islands framework. In each region, we found widespread...
Density estimates of four mammal species in the upper subalpine and alpine zones of the Sierra Nevada range, 2008 - 2012. The estimates were derived from variable distance data collected 3-4 per year along each of 21 transects (10 km in length). The transects were randomly selected from a pool of 53 potential routes. Nine transects were sampled in 2008, 12 were sampled in 2009, 19 were sampled in 2010, 21 were sampled in 2011, and 17 were sampled in 2012. All counts were done in July and August each year. Replicate samples within a given year were done within 2-8 days of each other. All counts were done by single observers. The spreadsheet has six worksheets, including three with density estimates for each species...
FY2013This project retrieves four years of data from over 200 temperature sensors nested within 28 sites across ~40 million hectares of the hydrographic Great Basin. The sensors span all major aspects and up to 700 m of elevation within sites, and occur in numerous management jurisdictions in 18 mountain ranges plus other areas not in ranges.This project: Quantifies the variability of climate at micro-, meso-, and macroscales across the Basin, and across diel, seasonal, and interannual periods. Informs management and conservation efforts, in terms of helping calibrate and refine the climatic stage upon which all biological actors and efforts hinge (Beier and Brost 2010). Feeds into other bioclimatic and wildlife...
Categories: Data, Project; Types: Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: 2013, 2014, Academics & scientific researchers, California, California, All tags...
Density estimates of four mammal species in the upper subalpine and alpine zones of the Sierra Nevada range, 2008 - 2012. The estimates were derived from variable distance data collected 3-4 times per year at point count stations randomly located along line transects. There were 21 transects (10 km in length) that had been randomly selected from a pool of 53 potential routes, with 10 point count stations along each transect (minimum of 200 m spacing between stations). 45 stations were sampled in 2008 (5 stations on each of 9 transects), 60 stations were sampled in 2009 (5 stations on each of 12 transects),190 stations were sampled in 2010 (10 stations on each of 19 transects), 210 stations were sampled in 2011 (10...
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Our study addresses the general question of the degree to which wildlife species can adapt to, or possibly even modify, effects from climate change. We focused on five species of mammals in the alpine zone of the Sierra Nevada mountain range, including the federally endangered Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep and the American pika, a species recently proposed for listing due to the loss of populations from altered climatic conditions. It was expected that there will be an upward expansion of trees and shrubs from lower elevations and that many or even most alpine meadows will be converted to woody dominated communities. Meadows provide critical habitat for many alpine mammal species, and their conversion could represent...
Natural-resource managers and other conservation practitioners are under unprecedented pressure to categorize and quantify the vulnerability of natural systems based on assessment of the exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity of species to climate change. Despite the urgent need for these assessments, neither the theoretical basis of adaptive capacity nor the practical issues underlying its quantification has been articulated in a manner that is directly applicable to natural-resource management. Both are critical for researchers, managers, and other conservation practitioners to develop reliable strategies for assessing adaptive capacity. Drawing from principles of classical and contemporary research and...
Of the primary responses to contemporary climate change – “move, adapt, acclimate, or die” – that are available to organisms, “acclimate” may be effectively achieved through behavioral modification. Behavioral flexibility allows animals to rapidly cope with changing environmental conditions, and behavior represents an important component of a species’ adaptive capacity in the face of climate change. However, there is currently a lack of knowledge about the limits or constraints on behavioral responses to changing conditions. Here, we characterize the contexts in which organisms respond to climate variability through behavior. First, we quantify patterns in behavioral responses across taxa with respect to timescales,...
The USGS GAP Analysis Program has developed range maps and distribution models for 1401 species, 604 of which are found within the SRLCC. This record's parent folder contains several examples of GAP species web services. The GAP website has a complete list of available web services for species as well as a map viewer for species data. Species: American Pika (Ochotona princeps) There are two web services for this species: the range map, showing the geographic limits within which the species can be found, and a distribution model, which predicts the environment within the range that is suitable for occupation by the species. Link to metadata for GAP range maps and distribution models. To access services, select...
Categories: Data; Types: ArcGIS REST Map Service, Map Service; Tags: pika
Worldwide, many species are responding to ongoing climate change with shifts in distribution, abundance, phenology, or behavior. Consequently, natural-resource managers face increasingly urgent conservation questions related to biodiversity loss, expansion of invasive species, and deteriorating ecosystem services. We argue that our ability to address these questions is hampered by the lack of explicit consideration of species’ adaptive capacity (AC). AC is the ability of a species or population to cope with climatic changes and is characterized by three fundamental components: phenotypic plasticity, dispersal ability, and genetic diversity. However, few studies simultaneously address all elements; often, AC is confused...
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This data release is part of a study designed to test geochemical methods that best delineate known mineral deposits in the northeast part of the Tanacross 1° x 3° quadrangle, within the Yukon-Tanana Upland region, Alaska. The total area sampled is about 3,200 km2. Extensive tundra cover and patchy spruce/alder vegetation and very limited outcrop exposure characterize the area. Soils and stream sediments contain mixtures of weathered bedrock, sand derived from dunes developed during the Pleistocene, and volcanic ash deposits from the 1.2 Ky eruption of the nearby Mount Churchill volcano. Several mineral deposits are known in the area, including the Late Cretaceous to earliest Tertiary porphyry Cu (+/-Mo-Au) deposits...
On September 29, speaker Erik Beever presented his results on pika distribution and climate change.The Great Basin is one of North America’s most physiographically complex regions, engendering both great microclimatic diversity and high levels of endemism. Although mountains comprise the majority of the Basin, their climate and wildlife are under-studied. Beever’s team is taking advantage of historical (1898-1956) surveys, 21 years of more-systematic and more-comprehensive recent surveys, and a diversity of technological and modeling advances. This information helps tackle numerous questions at the interface of how Great Basin systems work (‘basic science’) and how Basin resources may be managed and conserved, amidst...
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USGS scientists counted American pikas (Ochotona princeps) and hoary marmots (Marmota caligata) in North Cascades National Park, Washington, USA during 2016. Hoary marmots were resurveyed in 2017, primarily by the National Park Service. Surveys occurred at sites of previous studies by Jason Bruggeman (pikas - 2009-2013), Aidan Beers (pikas - 2013-2015), and Roger Christophersen (marmots - 2007-2008) and followed protocols implemented by these researchers. Data include animal counts, survey locations, and survey dates for all surveys conducted by USGS. Marmots are classified as adult, yearling, or juvenile for observations in which age was evident.


    map background search result map search result map How will Mammals in the Alpine Zone of the Sierra Nevada Mountains Respond to Future Climate? GAP Web Service: American Pika Characterization of Montane Ecosystems, Their Microclimates, and Wildlife Distribution and Abundance Across the Hydrographic Great Basin Counts of American Pikas and Hoary Marmots in North Cascades National Park 2016-2017 Geochemical data for stream water and stream sediment samples from the northeast part of the Tanacross quadrangle, Alaska Geochemical data for stream water and stream sediment samples from the northeast part of the Tanacross quadrangle, Alaska Counts of American Pikas and Hoary Marmots in North Cascades National Park 2016-2017 How will Mammals in the Alpine Zone of the Sierra Nevada Mountains Respond to Future Climate? Characterization of Montane Ecosystems, Their Microclimates, and Wildlife Distribution and Abundance Across the Hydrographic Great Basin GAP Web Service: American Pika