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Twelve northern desert shrub communities having the same macroclimate but differing habitats were studies. Arranged in order of decreasing production of live stems plus current growth, the communities were: (1) Sarcobatus vermiculatus (9,172 kg/ha), (2) Grayia spinosa (7,412 kg/ha), (3) Artemisia tridentata (5,474 kg/ha), (4) Chrysothamnus nauseosus (4,836 kg/ha), (5) Atriplex confertifolia (3,194 kg/ha), (6) Eurotia lanata (2,026 kg/ha), (7) Hilaria jamesii-Atriplex confertifolia (1,995 kg/ha), (8) Atriplex corrugata (1,949 kg/ha), (9) Chrysothamnus greenii filifolius (1,866 kg/ha), (10) Atriplex nuttallii (1,309 kg/ha), (11) Elymus salinus (865 kg/ha), and (12) Tetradymia spinosa (564 kg/ha). The communities were...
Detrended, modelled first leaf dates for 856 sites across North America for the period 1900–2008 are used to examine how the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) separately and together might influence the timing of spring. Although spring (mean March through April) ENSO and PDO signals are apparent in first leaf dates, the signals are not statistically significant (at a 95% confidence level (p < 0.05)) for most sites. The most significant ENSO/PDO signal in first leaf dates occurs for El Niño and positive PDO conditions. An analysis of the spatial distributions of first leaf dates for separate and combined ENSO/PDO conditions features a northwest–southeast dipole that is...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation; Tags: ENSO, PDO, phenology, spring
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These data are estimates of den emergence date, den site departure dates, and duration at den sites as well as post-emergence observations for female polar bears sampled in the southern Beaufort Sea subpopulation 1985-2016 and the Chukchi Sea subpopulation 2008-2017. The data were used to better understand the importance of time spent at the den site post-emergence. Emergence dates and departure dates were determined using collar temperature sensor data.
This is the USGS Earth Resources and Science (EROS) Center catalog and repository space. This space primarily supports science projects by providing a place to organize and publicly release data that support science information products. The EROS Center studies land change and produces land change data products used by researchers, resource managers, and policy makers across the nation and around the world.
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Climate change influences apex predators in complex ways, due to their important trophic position, capacity for resource plasticity, and sensitivity to numerous anthropogenic stressors. Bald eagles, an ecologically and culturally significant apex predator, congregate seasonally in high densities on salmon spawning rivers across the Pacific Northwest. One of the largest eagle concentrations is in the Skagit River watershed, which connects the montane wilderness of North Cascades National Park to the Puget Sound. Using multiple long-term datasets, we evaluated the relationship between local bald eagle abundance, chum and coho salmon availability and phenology, and the number and timing of flood events in the Skagit...
Habitat loss and alteration from land use change, species invasion, and more recently, climate change have reduced biodiversity and ecosystem function worldwide. Habitat decisions have important implications to individual fitness as well as population dynamics and community structure. Resource limitation, predation, competition, and unfavorable abiotic conditions all have the potential to influence survival and future reproductive potential. Understanding how changes to ecosystem structure and function impact species and populations of conservation concern is essential for conservation delivery to be effective. Similar to many migratory species, shorebird populations are declining worldwide and declines may be related...
Abstract (from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26022481): Premise of the study: Salt marshes are highly productive and valuable ecosystems, providing many services on which people depend. Spartina alterniflora Loisel (Poaceae) is a foundation species that builds and maintains salt marshes. Despite this species' importance, much of its basic reproductive biology is not well understood, including flowering phenology, seed production, and the effects of flowering on growth and biomass allocation. We sought to better understand these life history traits and use that knowledge to consider how this species may be affected by climate change. Methods: We examined temporal and spatial patterns in flowering and seed...
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Unpiloted aerial system (UAS) flight campaigns were conducted at two rangeland sites in Southwestern Montana during the 2018 growing season to classify vegetation and landcover types. A total of nine flights were conducted at the Argenta site and seven at the Virginia City site. To align images in space and time, we used four-dimensional structure from motion (4D SfM) and continued with processing for each flight date based on the full suite of images aligned for the entire growing season. We created dense point clouds, digital terrain models (bare earth), digital elevation models (including vegetation), and orthorectified images for each flight date at each site. We used the orthoimages to calculate the Normalized...
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Climate change is causing species to shift their phenology, or the timing of recurring life events such as migration and spawning, in variable and complex ways. This can potentially result in mismatches or asynchronies in food and habitat resources that negatively impact individual fitness, population dynamics, and ecosystem function. Numerous studies have evaluated phenological shifts in terrestrial species, particularly birds and plants, yet far fewer evaluations have been conducted for marine animals. This project sought to improve our understanding of shifts in the timing of seasonal migration, spawning or breeding, and biological development (i.e. life stages present, dominant) of coastal fishes and migratory...
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This tabular, machine-readable CSV file contains annual phenometrics at locations in ponderosa pine ecosystems across Arizona and New Mexico that experienced stand-clearing, high-severity fire. The locations represent areas of vegetative recovery towards pre-fire (coniferous/pine) vegetation communities or towards novel grassland, shrubland, or deciduous replacements. Each sampled area is associated with the point location (latitude/longitude) as well as multiple calendar year phenometrics derived from the time-series of normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) values in the phenology software package Timesat v3.2.
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Larrea tridentata is a xerophytic evergreen shrub, dominant in the arid regions of the southwestern United States. We examined relationships between gasexchange characteristics, plant and soil water relations, and growth responses of large versus small shrubs of L. tridentata over the course of a summer growing season in the Chihuahuan Desert of southern New Mexico, USA. The soil wetting front did not reach 0.6 m, and soils at depths of 0.6 and 0.9 m remained dry throughout the summer, suggesting that L. tridentata extracts water largely from soil near the surface. Surface soil layers (max) occurred in early summer (21.3 � mol m-2 s-1), when pre-dawn xylem water potential (XWP) reached ca. -1 MPa. Although both...
Seasonal dynamics of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) colonization of Sporobolus wrightii and AM fungal communities were assessed at four riparian sites in south-east Arizona which represented upper terrace or lower floodplain habitats and perennial or intermittent river reaches. Colonization was co-ordinated with growth/reproductive stages of plants at three sites with higher levels from February to May when plants were primarily vegetative and lower levels in September and December during seed set and onset of dormancy. Fifteen species of AM fungi were associated with S. wrightii, includingGlomus , Acaulospora, Paraglomus and Archaeospora species. Species richness ranged from 9 to 13 AM fungal species per site. Published...
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These data were compiled for the creation of a continuous, transboundary land cover map of Bird Conservation Region 33, Sonoran and Mojave Deserts (BCR 33). Objective(s) of our study were to, 1) develop a machine learning (ML) algorithm trained to classify vegetation land cover using remote sensing spectral data and phenology metrics from 2013-2020, over a large subregion of the Sonoran and Mojave Deserts BCR, 2) Calibrate, validate, and refine the final ML-derived vegetation map using a collection of openly sourced remote sensing and ground-based ancillary data, images, and limited fieldwork, and 3) Harmonize a new transboundary classification system by expanding existing land cover mapping resources from the United...
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This dataset provides information on plant sexual reproduction of a clonally-spreading perennial species, Spartina alterniflora. We investigated flowering phenology, potential seed and seedling production, and flower damage in reference and restored sites in southeastern Louisiana. Additional covariates of elevation and soil parameters were used to investigate underlying mechanisms of differences.
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These data represent projections of peak instantaneous rate of green-up date (PIRGd) and spring scale across Wyoming from 2000-2099. Annual data is provided in gridded time series at ~4 km spatial resolution. Projections were generated by applying linear mixed models to contemporary remote sensing data, and applying model parameters to future climate projection data from the MACA dataset. Projections were generated for 5 global climate models (GCMs) and 2 representative concentration pathway (RCP) scenarios: RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5. Data starting in 2000 are provided to help assess accuracy of model projections against contemporary datasets, and provide a platform for comparison to projections for future years. These...
These data are estimates of den emergence date, den site departure dates, and duration at den sites as well as post-emergence observations for female polar bears sampled in the southern Beaufort Sea subpopulation 1985-2016 and the Chukchi Sea subpopulation 2008-2017. The data were used to better understand the importance of time spent at the den site post-emergence. Emergence dates and departure dates were determined using collar temperature sensor data.
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This suite of datasets consists of phenology data on over 1000 species of plants and animals (2009-present) and data on lilacs and honeysuckles (1956-present), across the United States. The data were collected by citizen and professional observers, and archived and distributed by the USA National Phenology Network (www.usanpn.org). Protocols are available in Denny et al, 2014 and datum is WGS84. This collection represents a suite of three data products: 1) Status and Intensity Data (phenophase status records of presence or absence of the phenophase, as well as information about the intensity with which the phenophase was expressed for each individual plant or species of animal at a site, on each visit by an observer),...
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These data provide the locations and phenological dates of three shrub species: beaked hazelnut (Corylus cornuta), Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium), and salal (Gaultheria shallon), collected from various publicly available data sources including data from USFS Forest Inventory and Analysis program, USFS R-6 Ecology Program, US National Park Service, USDI Bureau of Land Management, USA National Phenology Network, the Consortium of PNW Herbaria, the Wilbur L. Bluhm Plant Phenology Study, GBIF, and iNaturalist, as well phenology data collected from the Olympia Forestry Sciences Laboratory in Olympia, Washington.


map background search result map search result map Effects of plant size and water relations on gas exchange and growth of the desert shrub Larrea tridentata Phenology Observation Data Implications of Future Shifts in Migration, Spawning, and Other Life Events of Coastal Fish and Wildlife Species Biological and Hydrological Data from the Skagit River Ecosystem, Washington, USA 1968-2016 Salt marsh phenology and sexual reproductive characteristics at reference and restored sites in Louisiana, USA (2016) Phenology pattern data indicating recovery trajectories of ponderosa pine forests after high-severity fires Location and phenology observations for beaked hazelnut (Corylus cornuta), Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium), and salal (Gaultheria shallon) in western North America Earth Resources Observation and Science Center (EROS) Projected peak instantaneous rate of green-up date and spring scale across Wyoming from 2000 to 2099 UAV based vegetation classification results and input NDVI, vegetation height, and texture datasets for two Montana rangeland sites in 2018 Random forest classification data developed from multitemporal Landsat 8 spectral data and phenology metrics for a subregion in Sonoran and Mojave Deserts, April 2013 – December 2020 Estimated Post-Emergence Period for Denning Polar Bears of the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas Estimated Post-Emergence Period for Denning Polar Bears of the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas Alaska Eielson Avian Nest Data, 2021-Present Alaska Eielson Avian Resight Data 2022-Present Alaska Eielson Avian Nest Data, 2021-Present Alaska Eielson Avian Resight Data 2022-Present Salt marsh phenology and sexual reproductive characteristics at reference and restored sites in Louisiana, USA (2016) Effects of plant size and water relations on gas exchange and growth of the desert shrub Larrea tridentata Random forest classification data developed from multitemporal Landsat 8 spectral data and phenology metrics for a subregion in Sonoran and Mojave Deserts, April 2013 – December 2020 Projected peak instantaneous rate of green-up date and spring scale across Wyoming from 2000 to 2099 Biological and Hydrological Data from the Skagit River Ecosystem, Washington, USA 1968-2016 Phenology pattern data indicating recovery trajectories of ponderosa pine forests after high-severity fires Implications of Future Shifts in Migration, Spawning, and Other Life Events of Coastal Fish and Wildlife Species Location and phenology observations for beaked hazelnut (Corylus cornuta), Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium), and salal (Gaultheria shallon) in western North America Estimated Post-Emergence Period for Denning Polar Bears of the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas Estimated Post-Emergence Period for Denning Polar Bears of the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas Phenology Observation Data