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Synopsis: Remotely sensed data and GIS were used to compare the effects of clear-cutting and road-building on the landscape pattern of the Bighorn National Forest, Wyoming. Landscape patterns were quantified for each of 12 watersheds on a series of four maps that differed only in the degree of clear-cutting and road density. Researchers analyzed several landscape pattern metrics for the landscape as a whole and for the lodgepole pine and spruce/fir cover classes across the four maps to determine the relative effects of clear-cutting and road building on the pattern of each watershed. At both the landscape and cover class scales, clear-cutting and road building resulted in increased fragmentation as represented...
Conclusions: Assessments of metapopulation structure must consider landscape pattern, but also the non-linear responses of organisms to such patterns Thresholds/Learnings: Synopsis: This study used beetles to empirically test the reliability of neutral percolation models to predict critical thresholds of landscape connectivity. Beetle movements declined sharply when grass cover dropped below 20% of the experimental plot. The findings of this study differed from what was predicted by the model, indicating that landscape connectivity is not dependent on spatial pattern alone, but is also highly dependent how individual organisms move within and among patches depending on the amount of cover. The results suggest that...
Conclusions:Area requirements for wetland birds species vary depending on the degree of landscape heterogeneity and landscape pattern.Thresholds/Learnings:Black terns required 6.5 ha of suitable wetland habitat for nesting and foraging in heterogeneous landscapes, but required 15.4-32.6 ha in homogenous landscapes
Synopsis: This study tested the null hypothesis that densities of mammalian populations are constant over patches of varied size. In other words, performance as estimated by density does not covary with patch area. Researchers used a composite database from published studies and found that densities of 20 out of 32 species did not vary with patch area. Five species showed increasing density-area relationships and seven species showed decreasing density-area relationships. Landscapes comprised of smaller, less isolated patched tended to have negative density-area relationships and landscapes with large, more isolated patched tended to have positive density-area relationships. These results indicate that there are...


    map background search result map search result map Watershed analysis of forest fragmentation by clearcuts and roads in a Wyoming forest Watershed analysis of forest fragmentation by clearcuts and roads in a Wyoming forest