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This data represents an assessment of forest composition used in the ecological assessment of upland hardwood systems by the GCPO LCC. We used a combination of remote sensing products including 2011 National Land Cover Database (NLCD) forest classes and the 2011 MAV forest classification layer produced by the Lower Mississippi Valley Joint Venture to delineate patches of all forest types in the GCPO LCC. We used NLCD as the primary data source when assessing forests outside the GCPO LCC MAV subgeography, and the LMVJV forest classification as the primary data source for forest assessment within the MAV. NLCD was developed using 2011 Landsat TM imagery, with forest classes including only areas with trees exceeding...
Categories: Data; Types: ArcGIS REST Map Service, ArcGIS Service Definition, Downloadable, Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: BIOSPHERE, BIOSPHERE, ECOSYSTEMS, ECOSYSTEMS, FORESTS, All tags...
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Vegetation and land cover of Blue Ridge National Wildlife Refuge, circa 2011. This dataset is based on interpretation of aerial imagery from the National Agricultural Imagery Program from 2010. Image classification was performed using eCognition software, which creates homogeneous polygons from the imagery. Image statistics such as texture, NDVI and spectral values were then calculated for each polygon used to classify the imagery. Field data was collected in August, 2011 to assist in the image interpretation. No additional field data were collected for validation, and no validation or accuracy assessment was completed for this dataset. Therefore, no estimates of accuracy are given.
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Standing dead trees, or snags, are an important habitat element in any forested system, and provide diurnal or seasonal shelter for many LCC priority species. The ISA landscape endpoint for snag density in upland hardwood woodland and forest systems targets one large (≥16” dbh) snag for every five acres of forest (or approximately ~0.2 large snags/acre), reflected by cavity-roosting habitat needs of the silver-haired bat (Lasionycteris noctivagans) and ample other avian, and mammalian species that require cavities in snags to carry out their life history. We used USFS imputed density of large (>16” dbh) snags data (USDA Forest Service Remote Sensing Applications Center, personal communication) extracted through...
Categories: Data; Types: ArcGIS REST Map Service, ArcGIS Service Definition, Downloadable, Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: BIOSPHERE, BIOSPHERE, ECOSYSTEMS, ECOSYSTEMS, FORESTS, All tags...
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Limited midstory density was also identified in the Integrated Science Agenda as an important component of upland hardwood systems in the GCPO geography, with midstory coverage ≤20% indicating a healthy additional vertical strata in the system. Midstory is an important habitat component for several ISA priority species, particularly those avian species who require midstory structure for nesting such as the wood thrush (Hylocichla mustelina). We again used plot-level Forest Inventory and Assessment data imputed at 250 m resolution across the GCPO LCC to assess tree density. The USFS imputed tree density data product provides raster maps for the conterminous U.S. generated using 250 m resolution MODIS satellite imagery,...
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California Central Valley Mixed Oak Savanna and CA Coastal Live Oak Woodland and Savanna from USGS Gap, and Valley Oak Woodland from CALVEG.
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We developed a composite land cover approach for use in the GCPO LCC ecological assessment of upland hardwood woodlands and forests. These datasets reflect the upland hardwood “mask” that represents the composite of 3 or 4 datasets, from which the remaining landscape endpoints defined in the LCC Integrated Science Agenda will be evaluated. The mask indicates where on the landscape we estimate upland hardwood woodlands and forests to be found in any condition. We first resampled 30 m 2011 GAP ecological systems land cover and Florida Cooperative Land Cover version 3.1, as well as 10 m Texas and Oklahoma Ecological Systems Mapping land cover data to 250 m using a nearest neighbor algorithm. The assessment was conducted...
Categories: Data; Types: ArcGIS REST Map Service, ArcGIS Service Definition, Downloadable, Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: BIOSPHERE, BIOSPHERE, ECOSYSTEMS, ECOSYSTEMS, FORESTS, All tags...
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Dead and downed wood in any forest serves an important ecological function with regards to decomposition and nutrient cycling in forest ecosystems. It also provides critical habitat for many reptile and amphibian species, such as the red-backed salamander (Plethodon cinereus), in addition to providing an important food source for insects and detritivores upon which many other species in the system depend. The GCPO LCC Integrated Science Agenda (ISA) targets density of down wood around one 6’ dead/down log of ≥8” dbh per acre, essentially saying that on every acre there needs to be at least one sizable down log. The U.S. Forest Service (USFS) Forest Inventory and Analysis program does not collect plot-level data...
Categories: Data; Types: ArcGIS REST Map Service, ArcGIS Service Definition, Downloadable, Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: BIOSPHERE, BIOSPHERE, ECOSYSTEMS, ECOSYSTEMS, FORESTS, All tags...
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These layers represent estimates of imputed tree density calculated as part of the ecological assessment of upland hardwood systems. The GCPO Integrated Science Agenda targets tree densities of around 40 trees/acre for upland hardwood woodland systems and around 80 trees/acre for upland hardwood forest systems. These metrics should be correlates with target endpoints of basal area and canopy cover, though not entirely synonymous. We again used plot-level FIA data imputed across the GCPO LCC to assess tree density. However, it was challenging to identify and map the very limited acreage amounts meeting exactly this target in upland hardwood woodlands and forest. We therefore assessed the mean tree density within...
Categories: Data; Types: ArcGIS REST Map Service, ArcGIS Service Definition, Downloadable, Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: BIOSPHERE, BIOSPHERE, ECOSYSTEMS, ECOSYSTEMS, FORESTS, All tags...
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This data represents an assessment of forest patch size used in the ecological assessment of upland hardwood systems by the GCPO LCC. We used a combination of remote sensing products including 2011 National Land Cover Database (NLCD) forest classes and the 2011 MAV forest classification layer produced by the Lower Mississippi Valley Joint Venture to delineate patches of all forest types in the GCPO LCC. We used NLCD as the primary data source when assessing forests outside the GCPO LCC MAV subgeography, and the LMVJV forest classification as the primary data source for forest assessment within the MAV. NLCD was developed using 2011 Landsat TM imagery, with forest classes including only areas with trees exceeding...
Categories: Data; Types: ArcGIS REST Map Service, ArcGIS Service Definition, Downloadable, Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: BIOSPHERE, BIOSPHERE, ECOSYSTEMS, ECOSYSTEMS, FORESTS, All tags...
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This dataset includes two spreadsheets: The "Avian_abundance_oak_mistletoe_bird_data" spreadsheet contains data regarding Oregon White Oak tree (Quercus garryana) measurements such as height, diameter and crown volume along with microhabitat data including number of mistletoe infections, number of cavities, amount of dead wood, amount of loose/missing bark, amount of poison oak, amount of bole cracks, and presence of woodpecker sign, bark-beetle sign, and fungal fruiting bodies. The "Avian_abundance_oak_mistletoe_surveys_data" spreadsheet contains bird survey observations including data, time, temperature, precipitation, bird species observations, age/sex, and behavioral observations.
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This data represents an assessment of forest patch size used in the ecological assessment of upland hardwood systems by the GCPO LCC. We used a combination of remote sensing products including 2011 National Land Cover Database (NLCD) forest classes and the 2011 MAV forest classification layer produced by the Lower Mississippi Valley Joint Venture to delineate patches of all forest types in the GCPO LCC. We used NLCD as the primary data source when assessing forests outside the GCPO LCC MAV subgeography, and the LMVJV forest classification as the primary data source for forest assessment within the MAV. NLCD was developed using 2011 Landsat TM imagery, with forest classes including only areas with trees exceeding...
Categories: Data; Types: ArcGIS REST Map Service, ArcGIS Service Definition, Downloadable, Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: BIOSPHERE, BIOSPHERE, ECOSYSTEMS, ECOSYSTEMS, FORESTS, All tags...
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Ecological conditions within forest stands are also important indicators of ecosystem integrity. Priority wildlife species are frequently shown to exhibit preference for a specific range of conditions of canopy cover and basal area, tree diameter, midstory cover, and other forest characteristics within a stand. The ISA recommends a range of overstory canopy cover between 20-80% for upland hardwood woodlands and >80% for upland hardwood forests in the Ozark Highlands subgeography. We used the 2011 National Land Cover Database (NLCD) U.S. Forest Service Tree Canopy (analytical) product (USDA Forest Service Remote Sensing Applications Center 2014) combined with the woodland and forest masks derived above for assessment...
Categories: Data; Types: ArcGIS REST Map Service, ArcGIS Service Definition, Downloadable, Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: BIOSPHERE, BIOSPHERE, ECOSYSTEMS, ECOSYSTEMS, FORESTS, All tags...
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Land cover/vegetation data produced for the Hopper Mountain NWR complex Comprehensive Conservation Plan in 2011. Process steps include the following: Aerial photography from the National Agricultural Imagery Program (NAIP) was acquired in 2010 and was used as the base for image classification. The NAIP image was clipped to a buffered area around the refuge and then segmented at multiple scales to divide the imagery into thousands of homogenous polygons. Statistics were then calculated for each segmented piece of imagery and classes were created based on these image statistics. Statistics included image spectral values for each of the four NAIP bands, the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index, and several texture-based...
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Temporal dynamics of each GCPO priority system are recognized as important contributors to the overall system integrity. The Integrated Science Agenda (ISA) alludes to the desired condition that forest structure should be dominated by mature upland hardwood stands across the greater landscape. However, to ensure future forest sustainability a small portion (≤10% of the landscape) should be in a state of regeneration, or early forest succession. The ISA provides this endpoint as a general target, but lacks specificity regarding the desired composition of forest stand ages because there is limited literature available that assesses upland hardwood stand age from an ecosystem integrity perspective. Priority wildlife...
Categories: Data; Types: ArcGIS REST Map Service, ArcGIS Service Definition, Downloadable, Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: BIOSPHERE, BIOSPHERE, ECOSYSTEMS, ECOSYSTEMS, FORESTS, All tags...
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This map is based on interpretation of aerial imagery as well as field data collected by USFWS Refuge Planning staff and botanist Pam Devries. Detailed plant surveys were conducted throughout the growing seasons of 2009 and 2010 to determine the distribution of vegetation classes throughout the NWR. Mapping was done to the Group/Macrogroup level of the National Vegetation Classification System in most cases, with some classes mapped to the Alliance level, especially for isolated stands that were clearly identifiable. Class assignments were based on descriptions from A Manual of California Vegetation, Second Edition (Sawyer et al. 2008). Two dates (2009 and 2010) of near-infrared orthoimagery from the National Agricultural...
Why Rangelands: The Central Valley of California, the surrounding foothills and the interior Coast Range include over 18 million acres of grassland. Most of this land is privately owned and managed for livestock production. Because grasslands are found in some of California’s fastest-growing counties, they are severely threatened by land conversion and development. In addition climate change stresses grasslands by potentially changing water availability and species distributions.Maintaining a ranching landscape can greatly support biodiversity conservation in the California Landscape Conservation Cooperative (LCC) region. In addition ranches generate multiple ecosystem services—defined as human benefits provided...
Categories: Data, Project; Tags: 2011, 2012, 2013, Applications and Tools, CA, All tags...
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Average tree diameter (dbh) is also an important forest condition for some species requiring large trees and subsequent tree cavities for denning/nesting/roosting sites. The GCPO LCC ISA targets diameter of upland hardwood forest and woodland trees to be ≥14” dbh. The standardized Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) national program, which collects data using standardized field protocols across counties in every state annually, may be the only landscape-scale data source feasible to investigate average tree diameter in the absence of other large-scale data sources in the GCPO geography. We used FIA-imputed data on average tree diameter (DBH, inches) (USDA Forest Service Remote Sensing Applications Center [USFS],...
Categories: Data; Types: ArcGIS REST Map Service, ArcGIS Service Definition, Downloadable, Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: BIOSPHERE, BIOSPHERE, ECOSYSTEMS, ECOSYSTEMS, FORESTS, All tags...
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Basal area is a measure of the cross-sectional area of trees calculated by multiplying the foresters’ constant (0.005454) by the squared diameter of each tree to determine a measure of tree area (ft2 or m2) per unit area (acre or ha). Similar to an assessment of forest canopy cover, basal area provides a measure of horizontal structure, and is closely associated with measures of vertical structure. When assessing condition of upland hardwood woodland and forest systems, the GCPO LCC Integrated Science Agenda targets a large proportion of the basal area in those systems to be composed of oak and hickory species. This endpoint targets >90% of basal area as oak and hickory for upland hardwood woodland systems and >70%...
Categories: Data; Types: ArcGIS REST Map Service, ArcGIS Service Definition, Downloadable, Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: BIOSPHERE, BIOSPHERE, ECOSYSTEMS, ECOSYSTEMS, FORESTS, All tags...


    map background search result map search result map Oak savanna from Gap and Calveg Vegetation and Land Cover, Bitter Creek National Wildlife Refuge Vegetation and Land Cover, Blue Ridge National Wildlife Refuge Vegetation and Land Cover, Hopper Mountain National Wildlife Refuge GCPO Forest Patches >3,000 acres (250 m raster) Mean Forest Composition in 10 km Landscape (GCPO LCC) GCPO Forest Patches and Patch Sizes >3,000 ac NLCD Tree Canopy Cover in the GCPO LCC GCPO Upland Hardwood Woodland and Forest Mask (250 m raster and vector proportion HUC12 watershed) Average Tree Diameter and Upper Quantile of Avg Tree Diameter on GCPO LCC Upland Hardwood Systems Density of Live Trees in GCPO Upland Hardwood Woodlands and Forests Density of large snags (>16") per acre (GCPO geography) Dead-down wood (tons carbon/acre) in the GCPO LCC geography Density of Midstory Trees (trees/acre) in the GCPO LCC Total Live Tree Basal Area and Proportion of Basal Area in Oak and Hickory in GCPO LCC Upland Hardwood Woodland and Forest Imputed Forest Stand Age and Estimated Proportion of HUC12 Watersheds in Young Forest Stage in the GCPO LCC Avian abundance and oak mistletoe survey data from the Willamette Valley, Oregon, 2013-2015 Vegetation and Land Cover, Blue Ridge National Wildlife Refuge Vegetation and Land Cover, Hopper Mountain National Wildlife Refuge Vegetation and Land Cover, Bitter Creek National Wildlife Refuge Avian abundance and oak mistletoe survey data from the Willamette Valley, Oregon, 2013-2015 Oak savanna from Gap and Calveg GCPO Forest Patches >3,000 acres (250 m raster) GCPO Forest Patches and Patch Sizes >3,000 ac NLCD Tree Canopy Cover in the GCPO LCC GCPO Upland Hardwood Woodland and Forest Mask (250 m raster and vector proportion HUC12 watershed) Average Tree Diameter and Upper Quantile of Avg Tree Diameter on GCPO LCC Upland Hardwood Systems Density of Live Trees in GCPO Upland Hardwood Woodlands and Forests Density of large snags (>16") per acre (GCPO geography) Dead-down wood (tons carbon/acre) in the GCPO LCC geography Density of Midstory Trees (trees/acre) in the GCPO LCC Total Live Tree Basal Area and Proportion of Basal Area in Oak and Hickory in GCPO LCC Upland Hardwood Woodland and Forest Imputed Forest Stand Age and Estimated Proportion of HUC12 Watersheds in Young Forest Stage in the GCPO LCC Mean Forest Composition in 10 km Landscape (GCPO LCC)