Survival, Growth and Recruitment of Larval and Juvenile Razorback Sucker (Xyrauchen texanus) Introduced into Floodplain Depressions of the Green River, Utah
Floodplains are presumed to be important rearing habitat for the endangered razorback sucker (Xyrauchen texanus). To help recover this endemic Colorado River Basin species, the Upper Colorado River Endangered Fish Recovery Program implemented a floodplain acquisition and enhancement program. Levee removal was initiated in 1996 as one component of this floodplain restoration program. The goal of the Levee Removal Study was to evaluate the system responses to levee removal and make specific recommendations concerning the value of floodplain/river reconnecting for endangered species (specifically razorback sucker) recovery.
Larval Razorback Sucker And Bonytail Survival And Growth in the Presence of Nonnative Fish in the Stirrup Floodplain
Despite successful reproduction by razorback suckers (Xyrauchen texanus) in the middle Green River, recruitment beyond the larval stage has not been recently observed. Bonytail (Gila elegans) are essentially extirpated in the wild and nearly all bonytail present in the Green River are hatchery-stocked fish. Floodplain wetlands may provide important rearing habitat for both larval razorback sucker and bonytail. However, survival of razorback suckers in restored floodplain habitat has not been observed since 1997, even when larvae were introduced directly into floodplain sites. Large nonnative fish populations in floodplain habitats have likely suppressed survival. The recent drought eliminated, or reset, nonnative...