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The importance of monitoring shrublands to detect and understand changes through time is increasingly recognized as critical to management. This dataset focuses on ecological change observation over ten years of field observation at 134 plots within two sites that are located in Southwestern of Wyoming, USA from 2008-2018. At sites 1 and 3, 134 long-term field observation plots were measured annually from 2008 to 2018. General plot locations were selected in 2006 using segments and spectral clusters on QuickBird imagery to identify the best locations for representing the variability of the entire site (one QuickBird image). Ground measurements were conducted using ocular measurements with cover was estimated from...
These orthophotos and digital surface model (DSM) were derived from low-altitude (approximately 92-m above ground surface) images collected from Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) flights over edge-of-field sites that are part of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) monitoring. The objective of this UAS photogrammetry data collection was to provide information on the tile-drain network in individual fields with the goal of understanding already observed patterns in runoff amount and water quality from these sites. A 3DR Solo quadcopter served as the flight vehicle, flights were pre-planned using Mission Planner, and flights were flown using Tower. Geospatial data were originally in WGS84...
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This part of the Data Release contains the raster representation of the water-level altitude and water-level change maps developed every 5 years from 1980-2015 for the upper Rio Grande Focus Area Study. The input point data used to generate the water-level altitude maps can be found in the "Groundwater level measurement data used to develop water-level altitude maps in the upper Rio Grande Alluvial Basins" child item of this data release. These digital data accompany Houston, N.A., Thomas, J.V., Foster, L.K., Pedraza, D.E., and Welborn, T.L., 2020, Hydrogeologic framework, groundwater-level altitudes, groundwater-level changes, and groundwater-storage changes in selected alluvial basins of the upper Rio Grande...
Types: Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: Abiquiu Reservoir, Ahumada, Alamosa, Alamosa County, Alamosa Creek, All tags...
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Sandbars of large sand-bedded rivers of the Central U.S. serve important ecological functions to many species, including the endangered Interior Least Tern (Sternula antillarum) (ILT). ILT are colonial birds which feed on fish and nest primarily on riverine sandbars during their annual breeding season of approximately May through July, depending on region. During this time, ILT require bare sand of sufficient elevation so as not to be inundated during the period between nest initiation and fledging of hatchlings. ILT were originally listed as endangered due in part to decreases in available sandbar habitat from river channelization and impoundment. Sandbars in Central U.S. rivers used by ILT are highly dynamic,...
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We produced a time series of maps of habitat structure within wetlands of the Central Valley of California. The structure of open water and tall emergent vegetation, such as Typha spp. and Schoenoplectus spp., is critical for migratory birds. Through field observation and digitization of high resolution imagery we identified the locations of tall emergent vegetation, water, and other land cover. Using a random forest classification, we classified multispectral Landsat 8 imagery 2013-2017. We used images from the fall when most wetlands are flooded and the summer to separate trees and tall emergent vegetation. The final maps show the distribution and extent of tall emergent vegetation within wetlands. Final time...
These data include potential Yuma Ridgway’s rail (Rallus obsoletus yumanensis) habitat classified from concurrently occurring Landsat images taken during telemetry field studies of and call count surveys for Yuma Ridgway's rail in 2016.
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We developed an approach to quantify Urban Heat Island (UHI) extent and intensity in 50 cities of CONUS and its surrounding area by using surface temperature from Landsat surface temperature product in a time series manner. Landsat land surface temperature from Landsat Analysis Ready Data (ARD) were used to quantify surface temperature changes from 1985 to 2020. The current study assessed UHI intensity and its variations associated with urban development in an annual basis. Two datasets, over the study period, show that the maximum surface temperature in the high intensity urban area significantly increased while no significant trend was found in surrounding non-urban areas. These released datasets were spatially...
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We produced a series of maps of moist soil seed plants within managed wetlands in the Central Valley of California from 2007-2011 & 2013-2017. Moist soil seed plants, such as swamp timothy (Crypsis schoenoides) and watergrass (Echinochloa crusgallim), are a critical food source for migratory birds. Vegetation maps were created by classifying Landsat imagery from 2007-2011 and 2013-2017. A support vector machine learning classifier was trained using phenology metrics of moist soil seed plants, emergent vegetation, water, and other land cover observed via field surveys and high resolution imagery. Productivity maps of swamp timothy were based on a regression model of seed head weight with Landsat vegetation indices....
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We produced a series of maps of moist soil seed plants within managed wetlands in the Central Valley of California from 2007-2011 & 2013-2017. Moist soil seed plants, such as swamp timothy (Crypsis schoenoides) and watergrass (Echinochloa crusgallim), are a critical food source for migratory waterfowl. Through field observation and digitization of high resolution imagery we identified the locations of moist soil seed plants, tall emergent vegetation, water, and other land cover. Using a Support Vector Machine classification, we classified multispectral Landsat imagery from 2007-2011 and 2013-2017. We used images from May through August to create phenology metrics. The final datasets were used to train and test the...
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These data are a compilation of four mask layers (regions), and enhanced vegetation indices calculated from airborne or satellite imagery. The mask layers were used created to extract satellite EVI data from the four airborne or satellite imagery datasets. The Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) is a key Earth science parameter used to assess vegetation, originally developed and calibrated for the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aboard the Terra and Aqua satellites. With the impending decommissioning of the MODIS sensors by the year 2020/2022, alternative platforms will need to be used to estimate EVI. These data were created to compare Landsat 5 (2000–2011), 8 (2013–2016) and the Visible Infrared...
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USGS researchers with the Patterns in the Landscape – Analyses of Cause and Effect (PLACE) project are releasing a collection of high-frequency surface water map composites derived from daily Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) imagery. Using Google Earth Engine, the team developed customized image processing steps and adapted the Dynamic Surface Water Extent (DSWE) to generate surface water map composites in California for 2003-2019 at a 250-m pixel resolution. Daily maps were merged to create 6, 3, 2, and 1 composite(s) per month corresponding to approximately 5-day, 10-day, 15-day, and monthly products, respectively. The resulting maps are available as downloadable files for each year. Each...
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This dataset represents a summary of potential cropland inundation for the state of California applying high-frequency surface water map composites derived from two satellite remote sensing platforms (Landsat and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer [MODIS]) with high-quality cropland maps generated by the California Department of Water Resources (DWR). Using Google Earth Engine, we examined inundation dynamics in California croplands from 2003 –2020 by intersecting monthly surface water maps (n=216 months) with mapped locations of precipitation amounts, rice, field, truck (which comprises truck, nursery, and berry crops), deciduous (deciduous fruits and nuts), citrus (citrus and subtropical), vineyards,...
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The passage of the North American Trade Agreement (NAFTA),establishment of the Border Environmental Cooperation Commissionas well as the EPA U.S./Mexico Border XXI Program has focusedattention to the environmental social-cultural, and economicconditions in the United States-Mexico frontier and to theenhanced necessity of a binational, transborder approach inaddressing problems. Towards this end, this U.S.-Mexicoborderlands Thematic Mapper selection is designed to be utilizedas fundamental part of a basic geographic information systemdatabase for natural resource, environmental, and land-managementstudies.
Tags: 04003 = Cochise, 04013 = Maricopa, 04019 = Pima, 04023 = Santa Cruz, 04027 = Yuma, All tags...
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These data were compiled to compare the ability of matched filtering (MF) and linear spectral mixture analysis (LSMA) to map isolated wetland sites using Landsat 5 Thematic Mapper (TM) and Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) data. We analyzed 81 stock ponds corresponding to a 2007 Landsat 5 image and 73 sites corresponding to a 2014 Landsat 8 image in southern Arizona and northern Sonora, Mexico, with ponds ranging from completely dry to ~17,000 m2 surface water. Both Landsat images we used were Tier 1 Level-1 terrain corrected scenes acquired from Earth Explorer (https://earthexplorer.usgs.gov), which were provided as individual bands represented by digital numbers (DNs). The inundation extent of stock ponds...
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We produced a series of maps of moist soil seed plants within managed wetlands in the Central Valley of California from 2007-2011 & 2013-2017. Moist soil seed plants, such as swamp timothy (Crypsis schoenoides) and watergrass (Echinochloa crusgallim), are a critical food source for migratory birds. For each of the Moist Soil Seed maps from 2007 to 2017, we mapped productivity of swamp timothy where swamp timothy was mapped according to a multiple regression of the average log seed head weight per Landsat pixel to Landsat derived values for green chlorophyll index (NIR/green - 1), swir1 reflectance, red green simple ratio (red/green) and SSURGO derived percent clay (STprod). For areas mapped as watergrass, we mapped...
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These data are spatial polygon data and remote sensing image-based classification maps of surface water and vegetation species for 2012 along the Rio Grande River in Big Bend National Park in Texas. The geographic extent of the classification spans from the end of Mariscal Canyon to 5 km after the end of Boquillas Canyon, totaling approximately 77 Km of the river. The maps are also restricted to a digitized extent of riparian vegetation that is defined by the alluvial valley of the Rio Grande River. The 2012 classification maps are created using 20 cm multispectral (Near Infrared (NIR), Red and Green) imagery and LiDAR data collected in June 2012. The accuracy assessment for the classification product is based on...
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These data are a species-level classification map of riparian vegetation in the Colorado River riparian corridor in Grand Canyon, Arizona, USA. The classification is derived from 0.2 m pixel resolution multispectral aerial imagery acquired in May 2013. The classification spans the riparian zone of the river corridor between Glen Canyon Dam near Page, Arizona, and Lake Mead at Pearce Ferry, Arizona. The classification is divided into 5 distinct reaches of the river: Glen Canyon, Marble Canyon, Eastern Grand Canyon, Western Grand Canyon upstream of Diamond Creek, and Western Grand Canyon downstream of Diamond Creek. The method used for classification was a combination of supervised Classification And Regression Tree...
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Consumptive use (CU) of water is an important factor for determining water availability and groundwater storage. Many regional stakeholders and water-supply managers in the Upper Rio Grande Basin have indicated CU is of primary concern in their water-management strategies, yet CU data is sparse for this area. This polygon feature class, which represents irrigated acres for 2015, is a geospatial component of the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Census Upper Rio Grande Basin (URGB) focus area study's effort to improve quantification of CU in parts of New Mexico, west Texas, and northern Chihuahua. These digital data accompany Ivahnenko, T.I., Flickinger, A.K., Galanter, A.E., Douglas-Mankin, K.R., Pedraza, D.E.,...
Types: Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: Abiquiu Reservoir, Ahumada, Alamosa, Alamosa County, Alamosa Creek, All tags...
These orthophotos and digital surface model (DSM) were derived from low-altitude (approximately 92-m above ground surface) images collected from Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) flights over edge-of-field sites that are part of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) monitoring. The objective of this UAS photogrammetry data collection was to provide information on the tile-drain network in individual fields with the goal of understanding already observed patterns in runoff amount and water quality from these sites. A 3DR Solo quadcopter served as the flight vehicle, flights were pre-planned using Mission Planner, and flights were flown using Tower. Geospatial data were originally in WGS84...
We established a Landsat-derived geospatial database of unburned islands within 2,298 fires across the Inland Northwestern US (including eastern Washington, eastern Oregon, and Idaho) from 1984-2014. The detection of unburned areas within these fires is based upon a classification tree approach that uses two pre- and post-fire Landsat image pairs (see Meddens et al 2016 for details). The data set consist of unburned patches within each fire that are two pixels or larger. This database will be useful for identifying fire refugia, seed sources, and can be used as an overall metric of fire impacts across the northwestern US. (Meddens, A.J., Kolden, C.A., & Lutz, J.A. (2016). Detecting unburned areas within wildfire...


map background search result map search result map Processed Thematic Mapper satellite imagery for selected areas within the U.S.-Mexico borderlands Unburned areas within fire perimeters across the Inland Northwestern USA from 1984 to 2014 Interior Least Tern Sandbar Nesting Habitat Measurements from Landsat TM Imagery: Land Cover Type Classification Files Wetland Habitat Structure Maps for the Central Valley of California 2013-2017 2015 Irrigated acres feature class for the Upper Rio Grande Basin, New Mexico and Texas, United States and Chihuahua, Mexico Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) parameter data products from Landsat 5, Landsat 8 MODIS and the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS), Colorado River Delta, Mexico Wetland Moist Soil Seed Maps for the Central Valley of California 2007-2017 Surface water data for isolated stock ponds in southern Arizona, USA and northern Sonora, Mexico Riparian species vegetation classification data for the Colorado River within Grand Canyon derived from 2013 airborne imagery Wetland Moist Soil Seed Maps for the Central Valley of California 2007-2017: Training and Testing Data Wetland Moist Soil Seed Productivity Maps for the Central Valley of California 2007 - 2017 Rio Grande 2012 Vegetation and Water Classification Data in the Big Bend Region Groundwater-level altitude and groundwater-level change maps developed for the groundwater component of the upper Rio Grande Focus Area Study Long-term field observation of shrubland ecosystem in Wyoming, USA from 2008-2018 Low-altitude visible, multispectral, and thermal-infrared imagery from edge-of-field monitoring sites for Great Lakes Restoration Initiative - Wisconsin Bioreactor Low-altitude visible and multispectral imagery from edge-of-field monitoring sites for Great Lakes Restoration Initiative - Ohio Surface Water 1 DSWEmod surface water map composites generated from daily MODIS images - California Land surface thermal feature (MaxLST) change monitoring in urban and urban wild land interface in 50 cities of CONUS from 1985-2020 Rail Potential Habitat, Salton Sea, California, 2016 County-level maps of cropland surface water inundation measured from Landsat and MODIS Low-altitude visible and multispectral imagery from edge-of-field monitoring sites for Great Lakes Restoration Initiative - Ohio Surface Water 1 Low-altitude visible, multispectral, and thermal-infrared imagery from edge-of-field monitoring sites for Great Lakes Restoration Initiative - Wisconsin Bioreactor Rio Grande 2012 Vegetation and Water Classification Data in the Big Bend Region Rail Potential Habitat, Salton Sea, California, 2016 Surface water data for isolated stock ponds in southern Arizona, USA and northern Sonora, Mexico Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) parameter data products from Landsat 5, Landsat 8 MODIS and the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS), Colorado River Delta, Mexico Riparian species vegetation classification data for the Colorado River within Grand Canyon derived from 2013 airborne imagery Long-term field observation of shrubland ecosystem in Wyoming, USA from 2008-2018 Groundwater-level altitude and groundwater-level change maps developed for the groundwater component of the upper Rio Grande Focus Area Study Wetland Habitat Structure Maps for the Central Valley of California 2013-2017 Wetland Moist Soil Seed Maps for the Central Valley of California 2007-2017 Wetland Moist Soil Seed Maps for the Central Valley of California 2007-2017: Training and Testing Data Wetland Moist Soil Seed Productivity Maps for the Central Valley of California 2007 - 2017 2015 Irrigated acres feature class for the Upper Rio Grande Basin, New Mexico and Texas, United States and Chihuahua, Mexico Unburned areas within fire perimeters across the Inland Northwestern USA from 1984 to 2014 County-level maps of cropland surface water inundation measured from Landsat and MODIS DSWEmod surface water map composites generated from daily MODIS images - California Processed Thematic Mapper satellite imagery for selected areas within the U.S.-Mexico borderlands Interior Least Tern Sandbar Nesting Habitat Measurements from Landsat TM Imagery: Land Cover Type Classification Files Land surface thermal feature (MaxLST) change monitoring in urban and urban wild land interface in 50 cities of CONUS from 1985-2020