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The combustion of perennial grass biomass to generate electricity may be a promising renewable energy option. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) grown as a biofuel has the potential to provide a cash crop for farmers and quality nesting cover for grassland birds. In southwestern Wisconsin (near lat. 42 degrees 52', long. 90 degrees 08'), we investigated the impact of an August harvest of switchgrass for bioenergy on community composition and abundance of Wisconsin grassland bird species of management concern. Harvesting the switchgrass in August resulted in changes in vegetation structure and bird species composition the following nesting season. In harvested transects, residual vegetation was shorter and the litter...
We conducted a radio telemetry study of adult western spadefoots (Spea hammondii) at 2 sites in southern California to characterize their survival, behavior, and movements from breeding through aestivation to inform conservation and management for the species. These data support the following publication: Halstead, B.J., Baumberger, K.L., Backlin, A.R., Kleeman, P.M., Wong, M.N., Gallegos, E.A., Rose, J.P., and Fisher, R.N., 2021. Conservation implications of spatiotemporal variation in the terrestrial ecology of an ephemeral pool-breeding amphibian. The Journal of Wildlife Management.
We conducted a 2-year field experiment to determine whether archery and muzzleloading hunting seasons caused elk to move prematurely onto private land during late summer. The study site was divided into north and south areas, and each area received both an early- and late-opening treatment. Early-opening treatment was an archery season that opened 1 week earlier (23 Aug) than the historical opening, and late-opening treatment was an archery season that opened 2 weeks later (13 Sep), yielding a 21-day difference in opening dates. We relocated 80 radiocollared female elk, captured at random locations on summer ranges, approximately 2 times per week for a 3-month period surrounding early- and late-opening dates each...
Movement of Rocky Mountain elk (Cervus elaphus nelsoni) to private land in Colorado, USA, is problematic for population management because once on private land, elk are largely unavailable for harvest. We evaluated the relative effects of reducing hunter numbers and changes in opening dates of early-season hunting (archery) on elk movement to private land during a 4-year field experiment. Our study area was divided into north (NTA) and south (STA) treatment areas. Eighty adult female elk were captured and radiomarked during July 1996. From 1996 to 1999, we relocated radiomarked elk 2 times per week for a 2- to 3-month period surrounding archery season opening dates, and we classified each elk location as being on...
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The Randomized Shortest Path (RSP) raster delineates potential dispersal paths for male-mediated gene flow between grizzly bear (Ursus arctos) populations in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE) and the Northern Continental Divide Ecosystem (NCDE). A RSP algorithm was used to estimate the average number of net passages for all grid cells at a spatial resolution of 300 m in the study region which spans parts of Montana, Idaho, and Wyoming. RSP rasters identify potential movement paths for 3 levels of random deviation determined by the parameter Θ (i.e., Θ = 0.01, 0.001, and 0.0001) for bears moving from an origin to a destination node. Lower values of Θ result in greater exploration and more random deviation around...
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These data were compiled to test hypotheses regarding drivers of movement of brown trout. Objectives of our study were to test whether the degree of movement varied in response to placement of a weir in Bright Angel Creek, fall timed flooding events, or simply seasonal changes. These data represent summarized capture histories of brown trout in terms of states based on physical locations, data on removal efforts in Bright Angel Creek, and summaries of effort in the mainstem Colorado River. These data were collected at several locations along the Colorado River in Glen and Grand Canyon, including Bright Angel Creek from 2011 to 2018. These data were collected by U.S. Geological Survey, National Park Service, and...
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Tabular and raster data containing spatial capture recapture records for male and female bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis nelsoni) in Grand Canyon National Park and surrounding landscape collected from 2010 to 2018 and associated tabular data files required for analysis of data with spatial capture connectivity models and raster data describing the ouput from SCR models. Associated tables and rasters include details for traps and genetic captures, and the state space for required modeling and associated spatial covariates in models, as well as rasters describing population density and habitat use.
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The dataset includes Roundtail Chub and Flannelmouth Sucker detections at passive integrated transponder (PIT) tag antenna systems. We installed nine instream Biomark PIT-tag antenna systems (five 24-meter and four 9-meter antennas) in a pass-over orientation throughout the Blacks Fork subbasin. In addition to the fixed antennas, we used a Biomark inflatable antenna and two Biomark submersible PIT-tag antenna systems to increase detections.
Humpback chub (Gila cypha) are listed under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended. In accordance with recovery goals finalized in 2002, a population estimate was completed for adult humpback chub in Westwater Canyon on the Colorado River. This population estimate was conducted from 1998 to 2000 with the objectives of obtaining population estimates for humpback chub and roundtail chub in Westwater Canyon. Sampling occurred during September and October throughout the three years of the study. Three passes were conducted annually with approximately one week between passes. The primary method of capture was via trammel netting with supplemental electrofishing on one pass per year. Population estimates were...
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For several decades, grizzly bear (Ursus arctos) populations in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE) and the Northern Continental Divide Ecosystem (NCDE) have increased in numbers and range extent. Whereas the NCDE population is contiguous with grizzly bear populations in the Canadian Rocky Mountains, genetic evidence suggests the GYE population remains isolated. Recent analyses indicate the effective population size of GYE grizzly bears has increased and is approaching levels needed for long-term viability. With only ~110 km distance separating current estimates of occupied range for these populations, the potential for immigration into the GYE from an NCDE migrant, or vice versa, is likely greater now than...
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Linkage Mapper uses GIS maps of core habitat areas and resistances to identify and map linkages between core areas. Each cell in a resistance map is attributed with a value reflecting the energetic cost, difficulty, or mortality risk of moving across that cell. Resistance values are typically determined by cell characteristics, such as land cover or housing density, combined with species-specific landscape resistance models. As animals move away from specific core areas, cost-weighted distance analyses produce maps of total movement resistance accumulated.The tool identifies adjacent (neighboring) core areas and create maps of least-cost corridors between them. It then mosaics the individual corridors to create...
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Tabular and raster data containing spatial capture recapture records for male and female black bears (Ursus americanus) in Glacier National Park and surrounding landscape collected from June - October 2004 and associated tabular data files required for analysis of data with spatial capture connectivity models and raster data describing the ouput from SCR models. Associated tables and rasters include details for traps, the state space and connectivity space required modeling and associated spatial covariates tested in models, as well as rasters describing black bear population density, habitat use, and population connectivity.
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17 adult female elk were captured on or around the National Elk Refuge and monitored with GPS collars from 2006 to 2015. Each of these elk were monitored for 1 to 2 years and migrated from the National Elk Refuge to Yellowstone National Park during the spring. Here we provide the unique identifier for each individual elk, the date/time stamp of each GPS location, the GPS location of the elk in UTMs and Lat-Long, the month of each GPS location, the year of each GPS location, and the date of each GPS location in numeric form.
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These data reflect movement values for brown treesnakes from Guam that were translocated (moved by humans) to new locations or were resident (left in place) on Guam. The data are related to the specimen's treatment group, individual values, locations and other details affiliated with radio telemetry based acquisition and positional changes by the individual snakes across tracking events. The data were collected to help inform early detection and rapid response efforts for brown treesnakes in the Mariana Islands.
A visual impact evaluation method specifically designed to assess landscape alteration as a result of surface mining and quarrying would represent a fundamental aid for both those involved in the early stages of mine planning and design (mining companies) and those in charge of controlling and verifying environmental impacts (government authorities). This research is based on implementation of the visual impact indicator Lvi, which takes into account two parameters among those physically measurable: the extent of visible alteration in the landscape and the chromatic contrast between bare rock and the surrounding environment. Both parameters can be quantified by processing one or more digital images taken from the...
A visual impact evaluation method specifically designed to assess landscape alteration as a result of surface mining and quarrying would represent a fundamental aid for both those involved in the early stages of mine planning and design (mining companies) and those in charge of controlling and verifying environmental impacts (government authorities). This research is based on implementation of the visual impact indicator Lvi, which takes into account two parameters among those physically measurable: the extent of visible alteration in the landscape and the chromatic contrast between bare rock and the surrounding environment. Both parameters can be quantified by processing one or more digital images taken from the...
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288 adult and yearling female elk were captured on 22 Wyoming winter supplemental elk feedgrounds and monitored with GPS collars during the brucellosis risk period (February – July) from 2007 to 2015. There were 4 to 64 individual elk per feedground and each elk was monitored for 1 to 2 years. Here we provide the unique identifier for each individual elk, the GPS location of the elk, the date/time stamp of the GPS location, and the feedground the elk was captured on in Wyoming.
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Fish colonization ability may be one factor affecting population resilience after disturbance. We conducted displacement experiments in headwater streams in Wyoming, U.S.A. to evaluate mottled sculpin (Cottus bairdii) and mountain sucker (Catostomus platyrhynchus) colonization ability. Specifically, we (1) determined if fish could colonize sites rapidly after displacement, (2) evaluated site-level factors affecting colonization, and (3) compared species-level differences in movement and colonization capabilities. For the colonization experiment, we removed fish from 31 experimental 100 m reaches to create an experimental displacement and examined short-term colonization dynamics in relation to initial fish abundance...
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The dataset and accompanying analysis scripts accompany the article "Bayesian multistate models allow incorporation of spatial dynamics to improve invasive species management". The data are summarized detections from acoustic telemetry receivers (69 KHz) from 353 silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) and 170 bighead carp (H. nobilis) surgically implanted with transmitters in the Illinois River, USA. The analysis scripts assess probability of detection, probability of monthly movement between navigation pools on the river, probability of apparent survival, and probability of operable transmitter battery through a Bayesian multistate hidden Markov model.
Female big free-tailed bats Nyctinomops macrotis have been captured over water in northern Arizona in high elevation (> 2,400 m) forests and low elevation (1,500 m) desert scrub vegetation. We hypothesized that roost sites were in vertical walls of cliffs that were up to 25 km away from capture sites given the flight capability of these bats. During summer 2005 we captured eight females over ponds and attached radio transmitters to locate day roosts. We also identified locations used during nightly movements from 1 to 6 nights of radio tracking. We found three day roosts for seven bats; average distance (� SE) from a capture site to a roost was 12.1 � 3.0 km. Roosts were small maternity colonies used by ? four N....


map background search result map search result map linkage-mapper Potential movement paths for male grizzly bear (Ursus arctos) dispersal between the Northern Continental Divide and Greater Yellowstone Ecosystems, 2000-2015 Randomized shortest paths for Grizzly Bear dispersal between the GYE and NCDE Elk GPS collar data in southern GYE 2007-2015 Elk GPS collar data from National Elk Refuge (2006-2015) Western Spadefoot Habitat Selection Based on Radio Telemetry in Orange County, California 2019 Fish movement and colonization in the Wyoming Range 2018-2019 Exogenous and endogenous factors influence invasive reptile movement at multiple scales, 2018 - 2019 Desert bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis nelsoni) datasets from Grand Canyon National Park, 2010-2016 Brown trout movement data in Glen and Grand Canyons, Arizona, USA Data to assess silver and bighead carp pool to pool movements from 2012 through 2019 in the Illinois River, USA through Bayesian multistate transition models Black bear (Ursus Americanus) spatial capture recapture dataset in and near Glacier National Park, Montana, USA, 2004 Roundtail Chub and Flannelmouth Sucker movement data within the Blacks Fork subbasin, Wyoming 2019-2021 Fish movement and colonization in the Wyoming Range 2018-2019 Western Spadefoot Habitat Selection Based on Radio Telemetry in Orange County, California 2019 Elk GPS collar data from National Elk Refuge (2006-2015) Roundtail Chub and Flannelmouth Sucker movement data within the Blacks Fork subbasin, Wyoming 2019-2021 Black bear (Ursus Americanus) spatial capture recapture dataset in and near Glacier National Park, Montana, USA, 2004 Desert bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis nelsoni) datasets from Grand Canyon National Park, 2010-2016 Brown trout movement data in Glen and Grand Canyons, Arizona, USA Elk GPS collar data in southern GYE 2007-2015 Data to assess silver and bighead carp pool to pool movements from 2012 through 2019 in the Illinois River, USA through Bayesian multistate transition models Exogenous and endogenous factors influence invasive reptile movement at multiple scales, 2018 - 2019 linkage-mapper Potential movement paths for male grizzly bear (Ursus arctos) dispersal between the Northern Continental Divide and Greater Yellowstone Ecosystems, 2000-2015 Randomized shortest paths for Grizzly Bear dispersal between the GYE and NCDE