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Number of mammal species, by terrestrial ecoregion. We compiled data on terrestrial mammals by querying the WWF WildFinder database for species occurrences by ecoregion. The WWF WildFinder database is a spatially explicit online database of vertebrate species occurrences by ecoregion. These data were displayed in a map published in The Atlas of Global Conservation (Hoekstra et al., University of California Press, 2010). More information at http://nature.org/atlas.
We summarized and statistically analyzed historical fixed-wing aerial surveys (1949-2002) and harvest records (1983-2002) of Dall’s sheep (Ovis dalli dalli) from Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve (WRST). Among survey units there were significant differences in observed densities, hunterreported harvest, horn lengths of harvested rams, and horn length residuals from the regression of length on age. There was no consistent evidence of net change in WRST-wide sheep density, even though some survey units showed trends in density. Reported harvest in WRST declined linearly during 1973-2003 from 376 to 139 rams per year. We estimated the relationships among population and habitat characteristics with multiple...
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Nutritional restrictions in winter may reduce the availability of protein for reproduction and survival in northern ungulates. We refined a technique that uses recently voided excreta on snow to assess protein status in wild caribou (Rangifer tarandus) in late winter. Our study was the first application of this non-invasive, isotopic approach to assess protein status of wild caribou by determining dietary and endogenous contributions of nitrogen (N) to urinary urea. We used isotopic ratios of N (?15N) in urine and fecal samples to estimate the proportion of urea N derived from body N (p-UN) in pregnant, adult females of the Chisana Herd, a small population that ranged across the Alaska-Yukon border. We took advantage...
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This report summarizes the inventory of mammals of the five park units comprising the Arctic Network (ARCN) of the National Park Service, Alaska Region, between 2000 and 2003. This study was part of a cooperative effort of the Beringian Coevolution Project at the Museum of Southwestern Biology, University of New Mexico, and the ARCN Inventory and Monitoring Program of the National Park Service, Alaska division. We begin documenting the approximately 39 species of mammals that live in ARCN, with a primary focus on small mammals (i.e., shrews, voles, lemmings, weasels, porcupine, squirrels, and hares). This survey resulted in more than 3,000 primary specimens comprising 23 species. Small mammal abundance varied considerably...
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The St. Elias region of North America occupies portions of British Columbia, Alaska, and Yukon and consists of a contiguous network of protected areas. Available information on avian and mammalian diversity in each of the region's five major protected areas (Kluane National Park, Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Tatshenshini-Alsek Provincial Park, and Tetlin National Wildlife Refuge) was integrated to create a species checklist as part of an ongoing effort to create a region-wide ecological database for research and management purposes. Based on the tabulated data, the five protected areas combine to protect a total of 178 species of breeding birds and 51 species...
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There are comparatively few fossils that document the presence of the Pleistocene western camel (Camelops hesternus) in the unglaciated regions of Alaska and Yukon, northwestern North America (eastern Beringia). It has been previously reported on the basis of stratigraphic and radiocarbon data that this species was present within this region from the Sangamonian interglaciation (Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5) through the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, MIS 2). However, the continued presence of western camel through the LGM is at odds with its ecological preferences as inferred from more southerly parts of the continent. Here we report 43 new radiocarbon dates on 34 western camel fossils from Alaska and Yukon, including...
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The fundamental niche of a species is rarely if ever realized because the presence of other species restricts it to a narrower range of ecological conditions. The effects of this narrower range of conditions define how resources are partitioned. Resource partitioning has been inferred but not demonstrated previously for sympatric ursids. We estimated assimilated diet in relation to body condition (body fat and lean and total body mass) and reproduction for sympatric brown bears (Ursus arctos) and American black bears (U. americanus) in south-central Alaska, 1998?2000. Based on isotopic analysis of blood and keratin in claws, salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) predominated in brown bear diets (>53% annually) whereas black...
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Harbor porpoise, Phocoena phocoena vomerina, in Cook Inlet, Alaska, are managed as part of the Gulf ofAlaska (GOA) stock. It is not known if this population is distinct from porpoise in the GOA stock found outside Cook Inlet. No long- term dedicated studies of harbor porpoise have occurred in Cook In let. The objective here is to provide a summary of occurrence in Cook Inlet derived from archaeological data, anecdotal reports, and systematic surveys. Maps were created for each dataset. Therefore, each of these estimates is likely biased downward. In the last decade the region has seen expansion of the Port of Anchorage, proposals to build a bridge crossing Knik Arm, plans to develop mining operations and supporting...


map background search result map search result map Number of Mammal Species by Terrestrial Ecoregion An isotopic approach to measuring nitrogen balance in caribou Moose: Competing and Complementary Values Population Structure and Genetic Diversity of Moose in Alaska A positive correlation between photoperiod and development rate in summer species of Odonata could help to make emergence date appropriate to latitude: a testable hypothesis Genetic variation in caribou and reindeer (Rangifer tarandus ) Using temporary dye marks to estimate ungulate population abundance in southwest Yukon, Canada Birds and Mammals of the St. Elias Mountain Parks: Checklist Evidence for a Biogeographic Convergence Zone Mammal inventory of Alaska's National Parks and Preserves, Arctic Network: Bering Land Bridge National Park, Cape Krusenstern National Monument, Kobuk Valley National Park, Noatak National Park, and Gates of the Arctic National Park and PreservePark and Preserve Predation on moose and caribou by a regulated wolf population Harbor Porpoise, Phocoena phocoena vomerina, in Cook Inlet, Alaska INTERSPECIFIC RESOURCE PARTITIONING IN SYMPATRIC URSIDS Seasonal foraging strategies of Alaskan gray wolves (<i>Canis lupus</i>) in a salmon subsidized ecosystem Using temporary dye marks to estimate ungulate population abundance in southwest Yukon, Canada Seasonal foraging strategies of Alaskan gray wolves (<i>Canis lupus</i>) in a salmon subsidized ecosystem An isotopic approach to measuring nitrogen balance in caribou Harbor Porpoise, Phocoena phocoena vomerina, in Cook Inlet, Alaska Mammal inventory of Alaska's National Parks and Preserves, Arctic Network: Bering Land Bridge National Park, Cape Krusenstern National Monument, Kobuk Valley National Park, Noatak National Park, and Gates of the Arctic National Park and PreservePark and Preserve Predation on moose and caribou by a regulated wolf population INTERSPECIFIC RESOURCE PARTITIONING IN SYMPATRIC URSIDS Birds and Mammals of the St. Elias Mountain Parks: Checklist Evidence for a Biogeographic Convergence Zone Population Structure and Genetic Diversity of Moose in Alaska A positive correlation between photoperiod and development rate in summer species of Odonata could help to make emergence date appropriate to latitude: a testable hypothesis Genetic variation in caribou and reindeer (Rangifer tarandus ) Moose: Competing and Complementary Values Number of Mammal Species by Terrestrial Ecoregion