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A content analysis of PCMB meeting minutes from its first meeting to 1993 reveals a repeated pattern of communication in which Native hunters pose questions about the need for caribou research requiring the use of aircraft and collars and the handling of animals, and a response by agency managers to inform community residents about the value of collars in science and/or demonstrating their application. Never discussed openly at PCMB meetings was what the Gwich'in regard as a negotiated order of power-sharing arrangement between Gwich'in and caribou, established in the time before there was time, nunh ttrotsit ultsui gwuno (when the earth was first made), when caribou were people and people were caribou. As told...
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There is a trend towards development of Wrangell-St. Elias National Park to accomodate increased visitor use and to generate additional tourism revenue for the state of Alaska. Master planning should be utilized in setting Park goals, zoning areas for visitor use and wilderness, and ensuring that developments do not erode the conservation values of the Park. Specifically, information on grizzly bears should be incorporated carefully into planning recreational facilities in order to avoid important grizzly bear habitats. Fundamental measures designed to minimize bear-human conflicts should include management of human food and garbage; public education on bears; monitoring of bear data; problem bear control; planning...
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In 1994, the Alaska Legislature passed legislation directing the Board of Game to identify big game prey populations where "intensive management" (IM) would be used to attain and sustain high levels of harvest. The IM law specifically provides for active management of predators and habitat, but thus to mention that antlerless hunts are key to achieving high levels of harvest. We discuss IM for moose in Game Management Unit (GMU) 20A through 2005, because GMU 20A has a unique history of predator management and currently supports the highest moose density for any equivalent-sized area in Alaska. Moose numbers in GMU 20A exceeded the IM population objectives beginning in 1999, but the IM harvest objectives were not...
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We used the Muskwa-Kechika Management Area in northeast British Columbia, Canada as a case study to determine potential conflicts between future resource development and high-value habitats of large mammals in an undeveloped boreal landscape. More than 50 % of high-value habitats for caribou, moose, elk, wolves and grizzly bears were located in Special Resource Management Zones, where natural resource developments could occur. We developed geographic information system (GIS) layers of potential forest resources, oil and gas, minerals, wind power, all resources combined, and roads; and quantified the proportions of high-value habitats overlapping these potentials. Greater proportions of high-value habitats across...
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Contradictory management objectives in adjacent jurisdictions can affect transboundary wolves and their associated socio-ecological systems. Elite interviews and case study methodology were used in this thesis to explore three transboundary wolf management agreements, their effectiveness, and their impacts on wolves, ecosystems and stakeholders. Separate agreements between the State of Alaska and: Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve, and Denali National Park and Preserve, and an agreement between Italy and Switzerland show that despite a diversity of socio-ecological contexts, approaches, and hierarchical level of actors, transboundary wolf agreements are prone to ephemerality. The ephemerality of these agreements...
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The Chisana caribou herd (CCH) is a small international herd occurring in Yukon and Alaska on the Klutlan Plateau and near the headwaters of the White River. During the 1990s through 2003, the herd experienced a long and steady decline in population. Low recruitment, predation, climate, habitat, and harvest pressure likely all contributed to the decline. From 2003 to 2006, a recovery effort designed to increase recruitment and calf survival was conducted. Pregnant cows were captured and enclosed within a holding pen during the last weeks of gestation and a few weeks following calving. During recovery planning and upon the completion of the program, the need for a management plan was stressed by the recovery team....
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Background Elucidating geographic locations from where migratory birds are recruited into adult breeding populations is a fundamental but largely elusive goal in conservation biology. This is especially true for species that breed in remote northern areas where field-based demographic assessments are logistically challenging. Methodology/Findings Here we used hydrogen isotopes (δD) to determine natal origins of migrating hatch-year lesser scaup (Aythya affinis) harvested by hunters in the United States from all North American flyways during the hunting seasons of 1999-2000 (n = 412) and 2000-2001 (n = 455). We combined geospatial, observational, and analytical data sources, including known scaup breeding range,...
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To conserve woodland caribou, resource managers and biologists must understand the processes governing movements and distribution of those animals. I employed a scale-explicit approach to understand some of the mechanisms influencing caribou behaviour. I trailed caribou in forested and alpine habitats and recorded attributes of feeding sites and patches. At larger scales, I used GPS collars to record the movements of caribou. At the scale of the feeding site, caribou cratered at locations with lower snow depths and greater amounts of a variety of terrestrial lichen species. Following increases in snow depth, hardness, and density, caribou in the forest fed more frequently at trees with abundant arboreal lichens....
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We present a database application designed to standardize the collection and entry of brown and black bear (Ursus arctos and U. americanus)--human interaction data, formalize data storage methods, and analyze patterns of bear--human interactions in Alaska's National Parks. The National Park Service Alaska Region Bear--Human Information Management System (BHIMS) facilitates the systematic collection of biologically relevant data, consolidates bear management information, helps identify management priorities, facilitates the development of science-based bear management plans, helps evaluate the effectiveness of management strategies, helps provide more effective bear safety messages, creates permanent digital copies...
Development of hydrocarbon resources across northwest Canada has spurred economic prosperity but also generated concerns over impacts to biodiversity. To balance these interests, comprehensive land use plans have been used to match targeted management strategies to ecological components deemed valuable by society such as wildlife. I used remote wildlife cameras to measure the response patterns of American marten and black bear to seismic lines, a ubiquitous linear feature in western Canada. Relative to undisturbed forest locations, marten avoid open and wide seismic lines, but not narrow and recovered lines; occupancy at the home range scale also declines with increasing seismic line density. By contrast, black...


map background search result map search result map Prudent and imprudent use of antlerless moose harvests in interior Alaska Moose: Competing and Complementary Values Intensive Management of Moose at High Density: Impediments, Achievements, and Recommendations A multi-scale behavioural approach to understanding the movements of woodland caribou Systematic collection of bear--human interaction information for Alaska's national parks Caribou Hunters and Researchers at the Co-management Interface: Emergent Dilemmas and the Dynamics of Legitimacy in Power Sharing Dynamic multistate site occupancy models to evaluate hypotheses relevant to conservation of Golden Eagles in Denali National Park, Alaska Management of beaver for the benefit of fish in the upper Yukon River Basin Management Plan for the Chisana Caribou Herd 2010-2015 A Conservation Assessment of the Kenai Peninsula Brown Bear Preliminary Wrangell-St Elias National Park & Preserve Bear Management Plan Overview (Discussion Points) The governance of wolves in transboundary regions: A triquetrous study of ephemeral agreements transcending sub-national and national boundaries Identifying and Evaluating Techniques for Wildlife Habitat Management in Interior Alaska: Moose Range Assessment Bear-human conflict management plan Potential conflict between future development of natural resources and high-value wildlife habitats in boreal landscapes Management Plan for the Chisana Caribou Herd 2010-2015 A multi-scale behavioural approach to understanding the movements of woodland caribou Prudent and imprudent use of antlerless moose harvests in interior Alaska Intensive Management of Moose at High Density: Impediments, Achievements, and Recommendations Systematic collection of bear--human interaction information for Alaska's national parks A Conservation Assessment of the Kenai Peninsula Brown Bear Dynamic multistate site occupancy models to evaluate hypotheses relevant to conservation of Golden Eagles in Denali National Park, Alaska Bear-human conflict management plan Preliminary Wrangell-St Elias National Park & Preserve Bear Management Plan Overview (Discussion Points) Potential conflict between future development of natural resources and high-value wildlife habitats in boreal landscapes The governance of wolves in transboundary regions: A triquetrous study of ephemeral agreements transcending sub-national and national boundaries Management of beaver for the benefit of fish in the upper Yukon River Basin Caribou Hunters and Researchers at the Co-management Interface: Emergent Dilemmas and the Dynamics of Legitimacy in Power Sharing Identifying and Evaluating Techniques for Wildlife Habitat Management in Interior Alaska: Moose Range Assessment Moose: Competing and Complementary Values