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Lake Minchumina past and present. A short history of the native village of Tanana, Dichinanek'Hwt'Ana: A history of the people of the upper Kuskokwim who live in Nikolai and Telida, Alaska; Cantwell native village history
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Dena'ina oral tradition indicates that the antecedent worldview brought with the migrating Athabascan Dena'ina into the Cook Inlet Basin and the Lake Clark/Iliamna Lake region included dual organization, perhaps moieties, matrilineal descent, a preferential rule for cross cousin marriage, and customs in which on ceremonial occasions guests would perform services for hosts, who recompensed the former with goods. Archaeological and ethnographic evidence is summarized in this thesis that indicates that the Dena'ina communal hunting and gathering and intensive salmon fishing strategy, in combination with borrowed Alutiiq technology, was a successful adaptation to the maritime/riverine environment of the Cook Inlet Basin...
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The Archaic stage was defined as a cultural response to post-Pleistocene landscapes dominated by trees. The Early Holocene produced an open landscape susceptible to colluviation, flooding, and gullying thus placing severe constraints on archaeological site preservation. The paleo-environment surrounding the development of the Northern Archaic can be reconstructed from pan-Alaska proxy records of flooding, loess fall, and soil formation at Onion Portage and Tingmiukpuk, and using a variety of studies of lake levels, glacial expansions, and slope activations, supplemented by loess and dune stratigraphy from the Tanana and Nenana valleys. The development of the Northern Archaic correlates with the retreat of the treeline,...
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This thesis examines the archaeological and palaeoenvironmental record of the Beaver Creek area of west-central Yukon, through detailed excavation and analysis of cultural materials from KaVn-2, a late Pleistocene multi-component archaeological site located in the Shakwak Trench, and literature review. KaVn-2 contains evidence of initial human occupation dating to between 10,670 and 10,130 C14 years BP. The site, positioned approximately one kilometre within the maximum extent of ice during the last glaciation, became ice-free about 11,000 C14 years BP and was inhabited shortly thereafter. Later occupations span most of the Holocene. Lithic artifacts recovered from the early component show affinities to those from...
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The Kennecott Cemetery is a component landscape of the Kennecott Mines National Historic Landmark. It is located a quarter mile south from the Kennecott Mill Town site, within the boundaries of Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, Alaska. The cemetery is accessed by the old Wagon Road, the original access road for the Kennecott Mill Town before the railroad was completed in 1911. This road has also been referred to as the South Glacier Trail. The site boundaries include all known historic features and relevant landscape characteristics within the cemetery associated with the settlement and social history of Kennecott. Contributing features include fifty grave markers, subterranean structures, fences and...
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The Nugget Creek landscape is a historic vernacular landscape that exemplifies the evolution of small-scale copper-lode mine on the Kuskulana drainage in the copper belt of the Chitina Valley, Alaska. The Kuskulana drainage is situated along the western slope of the Wrangell mountains, and is a tributary of the Chitina River, which is the major western-flowing-tributary of the Copper River. The property is owned by the federal government within the boundaries of Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve. Access is along a dirt road/ATV trail from Strelna, at mile 14.5 of the McCarthy road. The McCarthy road was the original route of the Copper River and Northwest Railroad, which connected the famous copper mines...
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This research is directed at addressing questions about the role of social networks in the evolution of social complexity in hunter-gatherers. Existing models of emergent complexity in northern hunter-gatherers point to the role of interaction across ecological zones in the development of a specialized maritime economy, increasingly complex social organization, and social inequality. Yet archaeological evidence of interaction remains, for the most part, unevaluated in relationship to these hypotheses. This study tests the hypothesis that the development and maintenance of social alliance and exchange systems was critical to the emergence of social complexity in Arctic peoples. Patterning of ceramic formal and compositional...


map background search result map search result map The Crucible of Early to Mid-Holocene Climate in Northern Alaska: Does Northern Archaic Represent the People of the Spreading Forest? From Tundra to Forest: Ceramic Distribution and Social Interaction in Northwest Alaska Conservation, continuity, and negotiation of a Proto-Athabascan worldview by the Dena'ina Geological and Cultural Context of the Nogahabara i Site KaVn-2: An eastern Beringian tradition archaeological site in west-central Yukon Territory, Canada Denali National Park and Preserve: ethnographic overview and assessment Kennecott Cemetery: Cultural Landscape Inventory, Wrangell - St. Elias National Park and Preserve, National Park Service Nugget Creek: Cultural Landscape Inventory, Wrangell - St. Elias National Park and Preserve, National Park Service KaVn-2: An eastern Beringian tradition archaeological site in west-central Yukon Territory, Canada Geological and Cultural Context of the Nogahabara i Site Denali National Park and Preserve: ethnographic overview and assessment The Crucible of Early to Mid-Holocene Climate in Northern Alaska: Does Northern Archaic Represent the People of the Spreading Forest? Kennecott Cemetery: Cultural Landscape Inventory, Wrangell - St. Elias National Park and Preserve, National Park Service Nugget Creek: Cultural Landscape Inventory, Wrangell - St. Elias National Park and Preserve, National Park Service From Tundra to Forest: Ceramic Distribution and Social Interaction in Northwest Alaska Conservation, continuity, and negotiation of a Proto-Athabascan worldview by the Dena'ina