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This dissertation examines one corner of the grammar of the Ahtna Athabaskan language of Alaska: the use and semantics of the lexical class of directionals. In particular, this dissertation looks at how Ahtna speakers use directionals in spontaneous discourse and elicitation against the backdrop of the physiography of Ahtna territory. The semantics of the directional system is traditionally riverine, meaning that the orientation of the local river local determines which directional term speakers choose. Talk about direction and location of referents in the natural landscape is common among Ahtna speakers: Ahtna people are traditionally seminomadic, and verbally displaying one's knowledge of overland travel through...
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ABSTRACT. Since the original 1997 discovery of ancient hunting implements in melting alpine ice patches of southern Yukon, approximately 146 well-preserved, organic artifacts have been recovered. Most of the artifacts, variously made of antler, bone, wood, and stone, represent complete or partial examples of throwing-dart (atlatl) and bow-and-arrow technology. Radiocarbon dates obtained thus far range from 8360 BP to 90 BP (uncalibrated). Our research indicates that in southern Yukon, throwing-dart technology persisted from at least 8360 BP to approximately 1250 BP, when it was abruptly replaced by bow-and-arrow technology. The collection has afforded archaeologists and First Nation researchers a unique opportunity...
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Cultural change should not be viewed as the slow breakdown of a "traditional" culture through absorption but rather as the blending of different components of each interacting cultural group, blurring elements through temporal change. A modified version of the core-periphery model in which both micro-level and macro-level perspectives are utilized provides a framework in which to study interethnic relations within the zone of cultural interaction. Prior to contact, the Dena'ina had successfully adjusted their subsistence strategies in order to exploit an array of ecological niches. The flexibility to reformulate their sociopolitical structure continued throughout the contact period, allowing their participation...
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In this thesis, Schaeffer Creek Campsite (MlVm-6), located in the Old Crow Flats, northern Yukon Territory, is identified as a possible cold weather short-term campsite dating to the 1920s. This discovery is significant, as few archaeological sites in the region have been identified as cold weather occupations. A discussion of cold weather behaviour and adaptations from oral history research and ethnography complement the analysis. The purpose of this study is to dispel the idea that life during cold weather is harsh and intolerable. The discussion and analysis add to the corpus of knowledge of archaeological sites in the area as well as an understanding of behaviour and technological adaptations during cold weather,...
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In recent decades, climate change has been invoked in the apparent collapse of some of the best-known examples of cyclic and synchronous population dynamics among boreal species. Simultaneously, some studies have predicted that as species' ranges shift poleward and southern habitats fragment in response to climate change, we will lose the southern glacial refugial populations that have historically harbored species' highest genetic diversity and uniqueness. I investigated how climate change and habitat fragmentation may impact genetic and population dynamic processes for the snowshoe hare ( Lepus americanus ), a species historically recognized as a key driver of North American boreal community dynamics. I collected...
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This dissertation is a three-part study of the linguistic and cultural features of historical accounts in Kaska, an Athabaskan language spoken in the southern Yukon and northern British Columbia, Canada. The first part of this study is an analysis of the specific linguistic and cultural characteristics of the narratives. Part 2 is a grammar of Kaska that focuses on the sound system, lexical categories, and morphological structure. In part 3, the narratives are presented in Kaska and Tlingit with English translations, together with information about the narrators. In part 1, point of view in Kaska is analyzed from two different perspectives, one focusing on the language of the narratives, and the other focusing on...
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The early prehistory of the Susitna River region, near the place where three major rivers, the Susitna, Talkeetna, and the Chulitna, converge, provides important regional information about the movement of small-scale foraging societies in southcentral Alaska as well as specific data concerning lithic use. Since 2004, ongoing research at the Trapper Creek Overlook (TCO) and Susitna River Overlook (SRO) sites has revealed three primarily lithic artifact assemblages from stratigraphically sealed cultural occupations spanning the early to middle Holocene (ca. 10,000-5000 cal B.P.). Radiocarbon, tephrochronology, and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating techniques provide context for interpreting these sites...
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Tiq'atl'ena Bena, TAL-049, is a multi-component archaeological site in the Sustina River Basin of Cook Inlet, southcentral Alaska, along Hewitt Lake near the confluence of the Yentna and Skwentna Rivers in the Talkeetna USGS quadrangle. The site consists of six localities, all of which contain similar archaeological features. Archaeological excavations have been performed in one semi-subterannean house feature in one of these localities (Wrathall Locality). Twelve other semi-subterannean features are documented in the Wrathall Locality but none have been excavated or tested. The excavations completed provide evidence of historic and prehistoric occupations. These occupations date from 4410 ± 90 years Before Present...


map background search result map search result map An Archaeological Test of the Effects of the White River Ash Eruptions Early Prehistoric Archaeology of the Middle Susitna Valley, Alaska Point of view in Kaska historical narratives Climate change, gene flow, and the legendary synchrony of snowshoe hares Hewitt Lake (Tiq'atl'ena Bena) archaeological investigations Directional Reference, Discourse, and Landscape in Ahtna The Role of Post-Glacial Lakes in the Pre-Contact Human History of Southwest Yukon Territory: A Late Drainage Hypothesis Identifying interethnic relations through both structural and cultural material within the periphery of Old Knik townsite, Knik, Alaska Pleistocene archaeology of the Tanana Flats, eastern Beringia The Emerging Archaeology of Glaciers and Ice Patches: Examples from Alaska's Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve James Louis Giddings' Archaeological Tree-Ring Dating in the American Arctic: a Forgotten Legacy Climate, Vegetation, and Archaeology 14,000 to 9000 Cal Yr B.P. in Central Alaska Ethnographic and Archaeological Investigations of Alpine Ice Patches in Southwest Yukon, Canada A Thousand Years of Lost Hunting Arrows: Wood Analysis of Ice Patch Remains in Northwestern Canada Schaeffer Creek Campsite (MlVm-6), a Possible Cold Season Site in Southwestern Old Crow Flats, Northern Yukon Territory Late Holocene chronology of the Noatak and Kobuk Rivers Schaeffer Creek Campsite (MlVm-6), a Possible Cold Season Site in Southwestern Old Crow Flats, Northern Yukon Territory Hewitt Lake (Tiq'atl'ena Bena) archaeological investigations Pleistocene archaeology of the Tanana Flats, eastern Beringia Identifying interethnic relations through both structural and cultural material within the periphery of Old Knik townsite, Knik, Alaska The Role of Post-Glacial Lakes in the Pre-Contact Human History of Southwest Yukon Territory: A Late Drainage Hypothesis Late Holocene chronology of the Noatak and Kobuk Rivers Early Prehistoric Archaeology of the Middle Susitna Valley, Alaska Point of view in Kaska historical narratives The Emerging Archaeology of Glaciers and Ice Patches: Examples from Alaska's Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ethnographic and Archaeological Investigations of Alpine Ice Patches in Southwest Yukon, Canada Directional Reference, Discourse, and Landscape in Ahtna A Thousand Years of Lost Hunting Arrows: Wood Analysis of Ice Patch Remains in Northwestern Canada Climate, Vegetation, and Archaeology 14,000 to 9000 Cal Yr B.P. in Central Alaska Climate change, gene flow, and the legendary synchrony of snowshoe hares An Archaeological Test of the Effects of the White River Ash Eruptions James Louis Giddings' Archaeological Tree-Ring Dating in the American Arctic: a Forgotten Legacy