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Effective monitoring and prediction of flood and drought events requires an improved understanding of how and why surface-water expansion and contraction in response to climate varies across space. This paper sought to (1) quantify how interannual patterns of surface-water expansion and contraction vary spatially across the Prairie Pothole Region (PPR) and adjacent Northern Prairie (NP) in the United States, and (2) explore how landscape characteristics influence the relationship between climate inputs and surface-water dynamics. Due to differences in glacial history, the PPR and NP show distinct patterns in regards to drainage development and wetland density, together providing a diversity of conditions to examine...
This imagery was collected and produced for a set of large fires sampled from within the Great Northern Landscape Conservation Cooperative study area. This imagery and associated metrics was produced using Landsat 5 and 7. This set of imagery and remote sensing metrics have the following file structure: 1. Each sub-folder in the Fires LC Map folder represents an individual fire. 2. Within the zip folder there are 5 raster tiffs. i. XXX_post_refl.tif The at-sensor-reflectance of the postfire landsat scene, named with the PolyID unique identifier for the fire, stored in 8-bit ii. XXX_pre_refl.tif The at-sensor-reflectance of the prefire landsat scene, named with the PolyID unique identifier for the...
This imagery was collected and produced for a set of large fires sampled from within the Great Northern Landscape Conservation Cooperative study area. This imagery and associated metrics was produced using Landsat 5 and 7. This set of imagery and remote sensing metrics have the following file structure: 1. Each sub-folder in the Fires LC Map folder represents an individual fire. 2. Within the zip folder there are 5 raster tiffs. i. XXX_post_refl.tif The at-sensor-reflectance of the postfire landsat scene, named with the PolyID unique identifier for the fire, stored in 8-bit ii. XXX_pre_refl.tif The at-sensor-reflectance of the prefire landsat scene, named with the PolyID unique identifier for the...
Level 1A Raw Image Data from SPOT 5 and SPOT 4 satellite. These images were used to create the orthoimages for the product GeoBase Orthoimage 2005-2010. Images of Raw Imagery GeoBase 2005-2010 product are raster digital date coming from SPOT 4 and SPOT 5 satellites that contain a panchromatic band with 10 meter pixels and four multispectral bands with 20 meter pixels. These images were used to produce the orthoimages of the GeoBase Orthoimage 2005-2010 product. These images are not georeferenced. The main objective of the project is to produce a complete set of raw images covering Canada's landmass over a five-year period, from May 2005 to October 2010. The goal is also to promote the use of geomatics and education...
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Polygon locations of fire perimeters in the Sky Island mountain ranges in the Madrean Archipelago Ecoregion of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. These fires occurred from 1985 to 2011 and were mapped using Landsat satellite imagery.
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The USDA, NASS Cropland Data Layer (CDL) is a raster, geo-referenced, crop-specific land cover data layer with a ground resolution of 56 meters. The CDL is produced using satellite imagery from the Indian Remote Sensing RESOURCESAT-1 (IRS-P6) Advanced Wide Field Sensor (AWiFS) collected during the current growing season. Some Cropland Data Layer states used Landsat 5 TM and/or Landsat 7 ETM+ satellite imagery to supplement the classification. Ancillary classification inputs include: the United States Geological Survey (USGS) National Elevation Dataset (NED), the USGS National Land Cover Dataset 2001 (NLCD 2001), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer...
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The evapotranspiration (ET) datasets were created under contract for this study by the University of Idaho. A high-resolution remote sensing technique known as Mapping Evapotranspiration at High Resolution and Internalized Calibration (METRIC) was used to create estimates of the spatial distribution of ET. The METRIC technique uses thermal infrared Landsat imagery to quantify actual evapotranspiration at a 30-meter resolution that can be related to individual irrigated fields. Because evaporation uses heat energy, ground surfaces with large ET rates are left cooler as a result of ET than ground surfaces that have less ET. As a consequence, irrigated fields appear in the Landsat images as cooler than nonirrigated...
This imagery was collected and produced for a set of large fires sampled from within the Great Northern Landscape Conservation Cooperative study area. This imagery and associated metrics was produced using Landsat 5 and 7. This set of imagery and remote sensing metrics have the following file structure: 1. Each sub-folder in the Fires LC Map folder represents an individual fire. 2. Within the folder there are 8 raster tiffs. 1. XXX_post_refl.tif The at-sensor-reflectance of the postfire landsat scene, named with the PolyID unique identifier for the fire, stored in 8-bit i. Band 1 of the Tiff is Band 3 (Red) of Landsat ii. Band 2 of the Tiff is Band 4 (NIR) of Landsat iii. Band 3 of...
This imagery was collected and produced for a set of large fires sampled from within the Great Northern Landscape Conservation Cooperative study area. This imagery and associated metrics was produced using Landsat 5 and 7. This set of imagery and remote sensing metrics have the following file structure: 1. Each sub-folder in the Fires LC Map folder represents an individual fire. 2. Within the folder there are 8 raster tiffs. 1. XXX_post_refl.tif The at-sensor-reflectance of the postfire landsat scene, named with the PolyID unique identifier for the fire, stored in 8-bit i. Band 1 of the Tiff is Band 3 (Red) of Landsat ii. Band 2 of the Tiff is Band 4 (NIR) of Landsat iii. Band 3 of...
The Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity (MTBS) Program assesses the frequency, extent, and magnitude (size and severity) of all large wildland fires (wildfires and prescribed fires) in the conterminous United States (CONUS), Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico for the period 1984 and beyond. All fires reported as greater than 1,000 acres in the western U.S. and greater than 500 acres in the eastern U.S. are mapped across all ownerships. MTBS produces a series of geospatial and tabular data for analysis at a range of spatial, temporal, and thematic scales and are intended to meet a variety of information needs that require consistent data about fire effects through space and time. This map layer is a thematic raster image...
The Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity (MTBS) Program assesses the frequency, extent, and magnitude (size and severity) of all large wildland fires (wildfires and prescribed fires) in the conterminous United States (CONUS), Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico for the period 1984 and beyond. All fires reported as greater than 1,000 acres in the western U.S. and greater than 500 acres in the eastern U.S. are mapped across all ownerships. MTBS produces a series of geospatial and tabular data for analysis at a range of spatial, temporal, and thematic scales and are intended to meet a variety of information needs that require consistent data about fire effects through space and time. This map layer is a thematic raster image...
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In large river ecosystems, the timing, extent, duration and frequency of floodplain inundation greatly affect the quality of fish and wildlife habitat and the supply of important ecosystem goods and services. Seasonal high flows provide connectivity from the river to the floodplain, and seasonal inundation of the floodplain governs ecosystem structure and function. River regulation and other forms of hydrologic alteration have altered the connectivity of many rivers with their adjacent floodplain – impacting the function of wetlands on the floodplain and in turn, impacting the mainstem river function. Conservation and management of remaining floodplain resources can be improved through a better understanding of...
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To determine if invasive annual grasses increased around energy developments after the construction phase, we calculated an invasives index using Landsat TM and ETM+ imagery for a 34-year time period (1985-2018) and assessed trends for 1,755 wind turbines (from the U.S. Wind Turbine Database) installed between 1988 and 2013 in the southern California desert. The index uses the maximum normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) for early season greenness (January-June), and mean NDVI (July-October) for the later dry season. We estimated the relative cover of invasive annuals each year at turbine locations and control sites and tested for changes before and after each turbine was installed. These data were used...
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A validation assessment of Land Cover Monitoring, Assessment, and Projection Collection 1.1 annual land cover products (1985–2019) for the Conterminous United States was conducted with an independently collected reference data set. Reference data land cover attributes were assigned by trained interpreters for each year of the time series (1984–2018) to a reference sample of 24,971 randomly-selected Landsat resolution (30m x 30m) pixels. The interpreted land cover attributes were crosswalked to the LCMAP annual land cover classes: Developed, Cropland, Grass/Shrub, Tree Cover, Wetland, Water, Snow/Ice and Barren. Validation analysis directly compared reference labels with annual LCMAP land cover map attributes by...


map background search result map search result map USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, 2009 Cropland Data Layer Wyoming GCPO Inundation Frequency Mosaic Evapotranspiration in the Upper Klamath Basin for October 2013 Data release for Wetlands inform how climate extremes influence surface water expansion and contraction Mapped fire perimeters from the Sky Island Mountains of US and Mexico: 1985-2011 Data supporting Landsat time series assessment of invasive annual grasses following energy development Evapotranspiration in the Upper Klamath Basin for October 2013 Mapped fire perimeters from the Sky Island Mountains of US and Mexico: 1985-2011 Data supporting Landsat time series assessment of invasive annual grasses following energy development USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, 2009 Cropland Data Layer Wyoming Data release for Wetlands inform how climate extremes influence surface water expansion and contraction GCPO Inundation Frequency Mosaic