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Prairie restoration at the northern edge of the Great Plains can be frustrated by previously established non-native perennial grasses. We compared the emergence of a widely introduced grass, Agropyron cristatum, and a common native grass, Bouteloua gracilis, in a 4-year-old field experiment in which the Agropyron-dominated vegetation had either been left intact or treated annually with herbicide. This was done at two levels of water supply, reflecting conditions expected in wet and dry years, to examine the effects of among-year variability in precipitation. Water addition significantly increased the emergence of both surface-sown and buried (1 cm deep) seeds. Herbicide treatment of neighbors did not increase the...
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Field spikes were prepared at 207 stream and river sites as part of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Water Quality Assessment (NAWQA) project between December, 2012, and September, 2015. At the field site, a depth-and width-integrated environmental sample was collected, and one subsample of the environmental sample was spiked with a known amount of a spike mixture. Both the spiked subsample ("spike sample") and another subsample ("environmental sample") of the original water sample were analyzed for pesticides at the USGS National Water Quality Laboratory (NWQL) by direct injection liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), and were used to calculate the spike recovery of each analyte....
Sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus and C. minimus) historically inhabited much of the sagebrush-dominated habitat of North America. Today, sage-grouse populations are declining throughout most of their range. Population dynamics of sage-grouse are marked by strong cyclic behavior. Adult survival is high, but is offset by low juvenile survival, resulting in low productivity. Habitat for sage-grouse varies strongly by life-history stage. Critical habitat components include adequate canopy cover of tall grasses (? 18 cm) and medium height shrubs (40?80 cm) for nesting, abundant forbs and insects for brood rearing, and availability of herbaceous riparian species for late-growing season foraging. Fire ecology of...
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Temporal patterns in glyphosate and atrazine concentrations were measured weekly by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) during the 2013 growing season in 100 small streams in the Midwestern United States. Concentrations also were measured every 2 days at a subset of 8 of the sites, all located in Missouri. Glyphosate was detected more frequently in urban streams than in agricultural streams, and at concentrations similar to those in streams with high agricultural land use in the watershed. In contrast, atrazine was detected more frequently and at higher concentrations in agricultural streams than in urban streams. This data release provides watershed characteristics and 2013 glyphosate and atrazine compound concentrations...
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Nitrapyrin is a nitrification inhibitor that is co-applied with N-fertilizer in agroecosystems. Over the course of one year (March 2016 to June 2017), 192 water samples from seven streams across Iowa and Illinois were analyzed for nitrapyrin, its degradate 6-chloropicolinic acid (6-CPA), and three widely used herbicides acetochlor, atrazine, and metolachlor. Additional environmental samples were collected and analyzed in spring 2017: 63 water samples from eight subsurface drains, and 33 soil samples from a field in Iowa that received direct application of nitrapyrin (only for nitrapyrin and herbicides). Nitrapyrin was detected in all seven streams (56% detection) with concentrations ranging from 4 to 1,200 ng/L;...
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Dissolved pesticides were measured in weekly water samples from 100 wadeable streams across eleven states in the Midwestern U.S. during May-August, 2013, as part of the Midwest Stream Quality Assessment study conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) National Water Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Project. Of the 100 stream sites, 12 were urban indicator sites and the remaining 88 sites were located along an agricultural gradient of watershed land use. Twelve depth- and width-integrated samples were collected at each site within the 14-week study period. Water samples were filtered (0.7 micrometers) and analyzed for 227 pesticide compounds by direct-injection liquid chromatography with tandem mass-spectrometry,...
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This spatial dataset consists of 199 1-kilometer (km) resolution grids depicting estimated agricultural use of 199 pesticides in 1992 for the conterminous United States. Each grid cell value in the national grids of this dataset is the estimated total kilograms (kg) of a pesticide applied to row crops, small grain crops and fallow land, pasture and hay crops, and orchard and vineyard crops within the 1- by 1-km area. Nonagricultural uses of pesticides are not included in this dataset. Of the 199 pesticides represented in the grids, 92 are herbicides, 58 are insecticides, and 32 are fungicides. The remaining 17 grids are composed of the category "other pesticides", which consists of fumigants, growth regulators,...
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This spatial dataset consists of 219 1-kilometer (km) resolution grids depicting estimated agricultural use of 219 pesticides in 1997 for the conterminous United States. Each grid cell value in the national grids of this dataset is the estimated total kilograms (kg) of a pesticide applied to row crops, small grain crops and fallow land, pasture and hay crops, and orchard and vineyard crops within the 1- by 1-km area. Nonagricultural uses of pesticides are not included in this dataset. Of the 219 pesticidesrepresented in the grids, 96 are herbicides, 65 are insecticides, and 37 are fungicides. The remaining 21 compounds are composed of the category "other pesticides", which consist of fumigants, growth regulators,...
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This dataset was combined by CBI from 219 1-kilometer (km) resolution grids depicting estimated agricultural use of 219 pesticides in 1997 for the conterminous United States produced by the USGS. CBI selected those pesticides that had nonzero values within this ecoregion. CBI created an additional attribute "PEST_SUM" that represents a value weighted sum across all pesticides, produced by summing together the proportion of the value for a particular pesticide for a given pixel to the total amount of that pesticide observed within this ecoregion. This sum approaches a greater number where more of the pesticides are applied at higher quantities relative within this ecoregion. This attribute has not been approved by...
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This dataset was combined by CBI from 219 1-kilometer (km) resolution grids depicting estimated agricultural use of 219 pesticides in 1997 for the conterminous United States produced by the USGS. CBI selected those pesticides that had nonzero values within this ecoregion. CBI created an additional attribute "PEST_SUM" that represents a value weighted sum across all pesticides, produced by summing together the proportion of the value for a particular pesticide for a given pixel to the total amount of that pesticide observed within this ecoregion. This sum approaches a greater number where more of the pesticides are applied at higher quantities relative within this ecoregion. This attribute has not been approved by...
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These data represent surface water and bed sediment samples analyzed for a variety of organic compounds. The samples were collected in streams and rivers in the Chesapeake Bay watershed from 2012-2018. Sites were located in Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. Surface water samples were collected from 25 sites and analyzed for estrogenicity and an extensive suite of organic contaminants including hormones, pharmaceuticals, wastewater indicators, pesticides, phytoestrogens, and mycotoxins. Bed sediment samples were collected from 20 sites and analyzed for a suite of organic contaminants including hormones, wastewater indicators, pesticides, and organohalogens. Bed sediment was also analyzed for total organic...
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This U.S. Geological Survey data release provides the data and citations for selected tables and figures in “Agriculture-A river runs through it-The connections between agriculture and water quality”. This Circular is based on the National Water-Quality Assessment Project’s study of Agricultural Chemicals: Sources, Behavior, and Transport. This study focused on the connections between agriculture and water quality by examining multiple components of the hydrological system within agricultural areas to improve the understanding of how agricultural chemicals are transported into and through streams and groundwater. These data support the following publication: Capel, P.D., McCarthy, K.A., Coupe, R.H., Grey, K.M.,...
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Dissolved pesticides were measured in weekly water samples from 482 wadeable streams in five regions of the United States during 2013-2017, as part of the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) Regional Stream Quality Assessment (RSQA). One study was conducted each year, starting with the Midwest (2013), followed by the Southeast Piedmont (2014), Pacific Northwest (2015), Northeast (2016), and Central California Coast (2017). Within each region, 77-100 streams were sampled over 6-14 weeks, followed by ecological surveys of fish, invertebrate and fish communities. The first study (Midwest) is an agricultural-gradient study, where the majority of sites were located along a gradient from undeveloped to 100% agricultural land...
Types: Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: Alabama, California, Central California Foothills ecoregion, Coastal Mountains ecoregion, Connecticut, All tags...
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This data set brings together and categorizes many of the chemicals, solids, and microorganisms that are used in agriculture or produced as by-products of agriculture in the United States (as of 2009). Each entry in the data set includes the name, Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number, purpose(s) in agriculture, and a reference. For pesticides and their degradates, the pesticidal use, parent pesticide, and the United States Environmental Protection Agency Pesticide Chemical Code are included. The data were compiled as part of a U.S. Geological Survey study to improve the understanding of field-scale and watershed-scale hydrology and the environmental behavior of individual chemicals. The goals of the study...
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These datasets are one component of the multistressor studies conducted in Midwest streams in 2013 (MSQA) and in Southeast streams in 2014 (SESQA) by the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Quality Assessment Project. High-frequency small-volume autosamplers were deployed at 7 sites each in MSQA and SESQA that collected daily and weekly composite water samples, which were analyzed for 225 pesticides and pesticide degradates. Five of the MSQA autosampler sites were in agricultural watersheds and two in urban watersheds, whereas all seven SESQA autosampler sites were in urban watersheds. The daily and weekly composite samples were compared with results from traditional discrete water samples collected weekly at...
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Four dichloroacetamide herbicide safeners (AD-67, benoxacor, dichlormid, and furilazole) and two co-applied herbicides (acetochlor and metolachlor) were measured in water samples from 7 streams across Iowa and Illinois. Iowa water samples were collected from March 2016 to June 2017, and Illinois water samples were collected from September 2016 to June 2017. The compounds studied are applied to corn, and Iowa and Illinois are the two largest corn producing states in the U.S. The seven stream sites are all adjacent to agricultural fields in corn production. Water samples (1-L) were collected in amber glass bottles using a grab or depth weighted approach. With the exception of one site, Iowa River at Wapello (USGS...
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Nitrapyrin, a nitrification inhibitor, and three co-applied herbicides (acetochlor, atrazine, and metolachlor) were measured in soil samples from an agricultural field in Iowa. Samples were collected from three locations in the field before and after nitrapyrin application in April-May 2017. Soils were collected using a 5-inch pipe that was hammered into the ground. Soil samples were extracted using pressurized solvent extraction (with dichloromethane), clean-up via solid phase extraction (carbon and alumina sorbents), and analyzed by gas chromatography with mass-spectrometry.
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Nitrapyrin, a nitrification inhibitor, 6-CPA, a nitrapyrin degradate, and three co-applied herbicides (acetochlor, atrazine, and metolachlor) were measured in surface drains from eights sites in Illinois. Water samples were collected from April to June 2017. The compounds studied are applied to corn, Illinois is one of the largest corn producing states in the U.S. Water samples (1-L) were collected in amber glass bottles using a grab or depth weighted approach. Water samples were filtered (0.7 micrometers), extracted via solid phase extraction (Oasis® MAX cartridge), and analyzed (nitrapyrin and herbicides by gas chromatography with mass-spectrometry; 6-CPA by liquid chromatography tandem mass-spectrometry).
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Nitrapyrin, a nitrification inhibitor, 6-CPA, a nitrapyrin degradate, and three co-applied herbicides (acetochlor, atrazine, and metolachlor) were measured in water samples from seven streams across Iowa and Illinois. Iowa water samples were collected from March 2016 to June 2017, and Illinois water samples were collected from September 2016 to June 2017. The compounds studied are applied to corn, and Iowa and Illinois are the two largest corn producing states in the U.S. The seven stream sites are all adjacent to agricultural fields in corn production. Water samples (1-L) were collected in amber glass bottles using a grab or depth weighted approach. With the exception of one site, Iowa River at Wapello (USGS Site...
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Dissolved pesticides were measured in weekly water samples from 100 wadeable freshwater streams across eleven states in the Midwestern U.S. during May-August, 2013, as part of the Midwest Stream Quality Assessment study conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) National Water Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Project. Of the 100 stream sites, 12 were urban indicator sites and the remaining 88 sites were located along an agricultural gradient of watershed land use. Twelve depth- and width-integrated water samples were collected at each site within the 14-week study period. Water samples were filtered (0.7 micrometers) and analyzed for 227 pesticide compounds by direct-injection liquid chromatography with tandem mass-spectrometry,...


    map background search result map search result map Grids of Agricultural Pesticide Use in the Conterminous United States, 1992 Grids of Agricultural Pesticide Use in theConterminous United States, 1997 Selected chemicals, solids, and microorganisms that are used in agriculture or produced as by-products of agriculture in the United States as of 2009 Concentrations of glyphosate and atrazine compounds in 100 Midwest United States streams in 2013 Data and citations describing the connections between agriculture and water quality in the United States Dissolved Pesticide Concentrations in Weekly Water Samples and Ancillary Data (Midwest, 2013) Herbicide Safener and Co-Applied Herbicide Concentrations for Seven Streams across Iowa and Illinois (March 2016 to June 2017) Nitrapyrin, 6-CPA, and herbicide concentrations in agricultural soils, subsurface drains, and corresponding streams in the Midwestern US Nitrapyrin, 6-CPA, and herbicide concentrations in streams in the Midwestern US (March 2016 to June 2017) Nitrapyrin, 6-CPA, and herbicide concentrations in subsurface drains in the Midwestern US (April 2017 to June 2017) Nitrapyrin and herbicide concentrations in soil in the Midwestern US (April 2017 to May 2017) Organic contaminants, including hormones, pesticides, pharmaceuticals and other endocrine disrupting compounds, and estrogenicity data in select surface water samples as well as organic contaminants in bed sediment samples collected in Chesapeake Bay watershed in parts of Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia, 2012-2018 (ver. 2.0, August 2020) Pesticides in Daily and Weekly Water Samples from the NAWQA Midwest and Southeast Stream Quality Assessments (2013-2014) Dissolved Pesticides in Weekly Water Samples from the NAWQA Regional Stream Quality Assessments (2013-2017) BLM REA COP 2010 Agricultural Pesticide Use in the Conterminous United States (1997) BLM REA SOD 2010 Pesticide Nitrapyrin and herbicide concentrations in soil in the Midwestern US (April 2017 to May 2017) Nitrapyrin, 6-CPA, and herbicide concentrations in subsurface drains in the Midwestern US (April 2017 to June 2017) BLM REA SOD 2010 Pesticide BLM REA COP 2010 Agricultural Pesticide Use in the Conterminous United States (1997) Organic contaminants, including hormones, pesticides, pharmaceuticals and other endocrine disrupting compounds, and estrogenicity data in select surface water samples as well as organic contaminants in bed sediment samples collected in Chesapeake Bay watershed in parts of Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia, 2012-2018 (ver. 2.0, August 2020) Herbicide Safener and Co-Applied Herbicide Concentrations for Seven Streams across Iowa and Illinois (March 2016 to June 2017) Nitrapyrin, 6-CPA, and herbicide concentrations in agricultural soils, subsurface drains, and corresponding streams in the Midwestern US Nitrapyrin, 6-CPA, and herbicide concentrations in streams in the Midwestern US (March 2016 to June 2017) Dissolved Pesticide Concentrations in Weekly Water Samples and Ancillary Data (Midwest, 2013) Concentrations of glyphosate and atrazine compounds in 100 Midwest United States streams in 2013 Pesticides in Daily and Weekly Water Samples from the NAWQA Midwest and Southeast Stream Quality Assessments (2013-2014) Dissolved Pesticides in Weekly Water Samples from the NAWQA Regional Stream Quality Assessments (2013-2017) Selected chemicals, solids, and microorganisms that are used in agriculture or produced as by-products of agriculture in the United States as of 2009 Data and citations describing the connections between agriculture and water quality in the United States Grids of Agricultural Pesticide Use in the Conterminous United States, 1992 Grids of Agricultural Pesticide Use in theConterminous United States, 1997