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Observing and counting bats is extremely difficult. Bats hide during the day, fly in darkness, and most species in the United States (US) become inactive and inaccessible in cryptic hibernation sites for 7-8 months each year. More than 40 different species of bats occur year-round in the US, yet reasonable population estimates exist for very few. Populations of US bats face new and unprecedented threats from white-nose syndrome (WNS) and industrial wind turbines. Like WNS, wind energy development might adversely affect entire populations of bats. Species of bats dying at wind turbines in the greatest numbers rank among the most cryptic, elusive, and poorly understood. Hoary bats (Lasiurus cinereus) compose approximately...
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Federal assistance is being provided to develop a coordinated, standardized, and incremental monitoring strategy to apply an adaptive management approach to habitat conservation projects located in the Upper Mississippi River Basin (UMRB). To accomplish this goal, recipient intends to indentify scope of current monitoring efforts and identify gaps in monitoring needs related to aquatic habitat restoration in the UMRB, address key resource challenges, provide coordination services to partners, and develop and implement a landscape scale strategy for monitoring habitat restoration projects within the UMRB. These actions will help far beyond the scope of Fishers and Farmers Partnership (FFP) and the Plains and Prairie...
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Estimates of nutrient loading to the Gulf of Mexico indicate that nine states within the Mississippi River Basin are responsible for approximately 75% of all nitrogen and phosphorus delivered to the Gulf. The Mississippi Basin supports a rich assemblage of fish species; at least 25% of all species in the conterminous United States are found in the Basin. These assemblages reflect their habitats, human landscape disturbances, and fragmentation of the river network by dams. Climate also has close associations with aquatic habitat conditions and ultimately fish community composition. Climate change is anticipated to lead to additional changes in stream habitats, including changing thermal properties and flow regimes....
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Reports from a project to determine biodiversity impacts of land restoration associated with clean and renewable energy development; specifically, natural gas production through an aerobic digestion of hog manure and native plant material, as being forwarded by Roeslein Alternative Energy (RAE) and Smithfield Foods. RAE has the stated goal of scaling up to restore30 million acres across the Midwestern U.S., but quantitative data in support of their claims of beneficial impacts on biodiversity are currently lacking. This research seeks to fill this gap. This specific project will be conducted on Smithfield Food’s Ruckman Farm located near Albany, Missouri. Ruckman Farm is now covered in exotic cool‐season grasses,...
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The emerging multi-LCC Ecological Places in Cities Network integrates the ecological and urban communities to guide and promote conservation practices, such as those across the monarch flyway. The ETPBR LCC is working with a number of other Service programs and external partners to build capacity for the development and implementation of a framework that can be tailored to individual cities of various sizes to evaluate their unique situations and design an urban monarch conservation strategy that optimizes the potential contributions of their urban area. Specifically, this project will continue to lay the groundwork for design principles to guide the development, testing and deployment of future urban conservation...
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The best hope for recovering and maintaining ecosystem function and services for the tallgrass prairie ecosystem is reconstruction. To that end, tallgrass prairie reconstruction efforts are on-going across federal, state, and non-profit organizations and among private landowners throughout the upper Midwest. Despite this heightened activity, a framework for comprehensive evaluation and adaptive learning from past reconstruction efforts is lacking. With an increasing percentage of already limited natural resource budgets being applied to reconstruction activities, it is imperative that we make the best use of these funds by developing best practices for reconstructions. The growing number of completed reconstructions...
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A strategy has been suggested for developing regionally specific Rapid Assessment Methods (RAMs) to evaluate wildlife-related issues associated with wind development at specific sites. The RAMs are anticipated to be appropriate for use in situations identified as Tier 1 (preliminary evaluation or screening of potential sites) by the Federal Advisory Committee to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. A Rapid Assessment Methodology specifically for the U.S. portion of Bird Conservation Region 11, the Prairie Pothole Region, has been developed as a pilot test of the strategy. It has been reviewed by several individuals familiar with the wildlife issues of the region. Discussions are underway regarding integrating the...
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Proposal narrative and preliminary fact sheet for this project to improve the practice of prairie reconstruction by developing criteria by which success can be measured and related to reconstruction methodology. To accomplish this goal, the project will utilize past reconstruction efforts and records for two of the largest tallgrass prairie reconstructions in North America, Neal Smith National wildlife Refuge near Des Moines, Iowa and Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge near Crookston, Minnesota. The extensive size, prolonged timeline, and records of seeding practices and site management that were kept for the reconstructions at these two refuges provide an ideal resource for evaluating which factors best predict...
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There are three widely used neonicotinoid seed coat formulations that protect young crop plants (e.g. corn and soybean) against pest herbivory (thiamethoxam, imidacloprid, and chlothianidin). These insecticides are systemic, meaning they can be absorbed and distributed throughout the plant. Once seeds germinate, the insecticides are translocated throughout the growing corn plant[6]. When the plant is consumed by herbivorous insects, the insect also consumes and is affected by the toxicity of the insecticide.Not all of the neonicotinoid insecticide remains with the seed or growing corn plant. Owing to their high water solubility, a portion of the insecticide is leached away from the seed reaching groundwater and...
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This project will develop a principle method for the estimation of monarch butterfly colony sizes as informed by technological innovations derived from (1) LiDAR, (2) object-driven, quantitative 3D modeling, (3) thermography and associated visualization and analytical capabilities and; establish the foundation of a science communication and public education strategy for USFWS to increase awareness and support for science-based approaches to Monarch conservation.
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The Plains and Prairie Potholes LCC is currently developing a strategic plan that will help guide its partners toward making more informed conservation decisions across the Northern Great Plains. As part of that effort, the PPP-LCC aims to provide syntheses for its partners that will help them understand the effects of conservation decisions and policies across different resources and sectors of the economy. One way to view these impacts is in terms of ecosystem services. That is, the set of services that humans derive from ecosystems such as flood control, agricultural productivity or wildlife populations. The PPP-LCC aims to use the ecosystems services framework to synthesize current information about grasslands,...
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Ecosystem services provided by floodplains include removal of nitrogen, phosphorus, and sediments, and sequestration of carbon. Effectiveness of floodplains in providing these services is dependent on the extent and location of connection between floodplain and river. Tributary loading of sediments, nitrogen and phosphorus to the Upper Mississippi River contribute to the development of river and coastal eutrophication as well as hypoxic conditions in the Gulf of Mexico. Recent research has shown that management of river connectivity of channels to floodplains is an effective mitigation strategy to remove nutrients, sediment, and carbon from river flows. The confluence of the Maquoketa and Mississippi Rivers is a...


    map background search result map search result map Quantifying Ecosystem Processes in Support of River Restoration and Nutrient Reduction Effects of Increased River Floodplain Connectivity in the Maquoketa River Developing a Framework for Evaluating Tallgrass Prairie Reconstruction Methods and Management Rapid Assessment Method for Wildlife Issues at Potential Wind Power Sites FishTail Future Conditions narrative Monarch View of the City: The Next Iteration Pigs & Prairies: Evaluating Biodiversity Impacts for Biogas Production interim reports Framework for Evaluating Prairie Reconstruction Methods proposal and fact sheet Develop standardized, incremental, and sustainable monitoring strategy for habitat restoration activities Developing an ecosystem services modeling framework to help guide PPP LCC planning efforts Great Plains Reptile Monitoring and Modeling Project Counting Butterfies: Using Lidar to Count Monarchs Effects of Chronic Neonicotinoid Insecticide Exposure upon Monarch Development Development of Landscape Health Index (LHI) for Missouri Priority Geographies Genomic Determination of Hoary Bat Population History and Trend Quantifying Ecosystem Processes in Support of River Restoration and Nutrient Reduction Effects of Increased River Floodplain Connectivity in the Maquoketa River Pigs & Prairies: Evaluating Biodiversity Impacts for Biogas Production interim reports Counting Butterfies: Using Lidar to Count Monarchs Development of Landscape Health Index (LHI) for Missouri Priority Geographies Great Plains Reptile Monitoring and Modeling Project Rapid Assessment Method for Wildlife Issues at Potential Wind Power Sites Monarch View of the City: The Next Iteration Effects of Chronic Neonicotinoid Insecticide Exposure upon Monarch Development Developing a Framework for Evaluating Tallgrass Prairie Reconstruction Methods and Management Framework for Evaluating Prairie Reconstruction Methods proposal and fact sheet Develop standardized, incremental, and sustainable monitoring strategy for habitat restoration activities Developing an ecosystem services modeling framework to help guide PPP LCC planning efforts FishTail Future Conditions narrative Genomic Determination of Hoary Bat Population History and Trend