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Landscape Conservation Design and On-Line Conservation Planning Tool
Workshop Working Groups Handout: Pioneer Mountains - Craters of the Mood Landscape Possible Future Climates
Emerging applications of ecosystem resilience and resistance concepts in sagebrush ecosystems allow managers to better predict and mitigate impacts of wildfire and invasive annual grasses. Soil temperature and moisture strongly influence the kind and amount of vegetation, and consequently, are closely tied to sagebrush ecosystem resilience and resistance (Chambers et al. 2014). Soil taxonomic temperature and moisture regimes can be used as indicators of resilience and resistance at landscape scales to depict environmental gradients in sagebrush ecosystems that range from cold/cool-moist sites to warm-dry sites. We aggregated soil survey spatial and tabular data to facilitate broad-scale analyses of resilience and...
Provides a general overview of the need for the Energy Assessment research, the major products and findings that came out of the project, and the relevance of the study, models, and tools to the resource management community.
Proposal narrative and preliminary fact sheet for this project to improve the practice of prairie reconstruction by developing criteria by which success can be measured and related to reconstruction methodology. To accomplish this goal, the project will utilize past reconstruction efforts and records for two of the largest tallgrass prairie reconstructions in North America, Neal Smith National wildlife Refuge near Des Moines, Iowa and Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge near Crookston, Minnesota. The extensive size, prolonged timeline, and records of seeding practices and site management that were kept for the reconstructions at these two refuges provide an ideal resource for evaluating which factors best predict...
Fact sheet about a project funded by the LCC Network to conduct spatial uncertainty and sensitivity analyses to enhance the comparability of landscape connectivity products for large-scale landscape planning.
The Terrestrial Environmental Observation Network (TEON) is intended to meet the need for asustainable environmental observing network for northern Alaska. TEON is organized aroundrepresentative focal watersheds (Figure 1). TEON will collect, distribute, and synthesize long-termobservational data needed to detect and forecast effects of a changing climate, hydrology, andpermafrost regime on wildlife, habitat, and infrastructure in northern Alaska.
Meadows are open grasslands where grass and other non-woody plants are the primary vegetation. With no tree coverage, meadows are typically open, sunny areas that attract flora and fauna that require both ample space and sunlight. These conditions allow for the growth of many wildflowers and are typically important ecosystems for pollinating insects. Marshlands are like meadows in that they typically have no tree coverage and host primarily grasses and woody plants. However, a defining characteristic of marshlands is their wetland features. Predicted climate change will largely impact changes in temperature and moisture availability in meadows and marshlands systems, likely having a cascading effect on a species...
New vulnerability assessments for 41 species and 3 habitats in the Appalachians now available.
Forest/Woodland habitats describe large areas primarily dominated by trees, with moderate ground coverage, such as grasses and shrubs. Density, tree height, and land use may all vary, though woodland is typically used to describe lower density forests. A forest may have an open canopy, but a woodland must have an open canopy with enough sunlight to reach the ground and limited shade. Predicted climate change will largely impact changes in temperature and moisture availability in forest/woodlands systems, likely having a cascading effect on a species habitat and increasing stress to many of these species. The Appalachian LCC funded NatureServe to conduct vulnerability assessments on a suite of plants, animals, and...
Researchers from the Manomet Center for ConservationSciences combined field observations of shorebirds withmapped physical and ecological parameters to develop a series ofspatially dependent habitat selection models that predict thecontemporary distribution of shorebird species across the ArcticCoastal Plain of Alaska.
The Arctic Shorebird Demographic Network (Network) is aninternational collaboration dedicated to gaining a betterunderstanding of why arctic-nesting shorebirds are in declineand determine which life history stage (i.e., breeding success vs.adult survival) is limiting shorebird population growth ordriving declines.
• Aspen communities are biologically rich and ecologically valuable, yet they face myriad threats, including changing climate, altered fire regimes, and excessive browsing by domestic and wild ungulates.• Recognizing the different types of aspen communities that occur in the Great Basin, and being able to distinguish between seral and stable aspen stands, can help managers better identify restoration needs and objectives.• Identifying key threats to aspen regeneration and persistence in a given stand or landscape is important to designing restoration plans, and to selecting appropriate treatment types.• Although some aspen stands will need intensive treatment (e.g., use of fire) to persist or remain healthy, other...
Landscape Conservation Design and On-Line Conservation Planning Tool
Quaking aspen is generally considered to be a fire-adapted species because it regenerates prolifically after fire, and it can be replaced by more shade-tolerant tree species in the absence of fire. As early-successional aspen stands transition to greater conifer-dominance, they become increasingly fire prone, until fire returns, and aspen again temporarily dominate. While this disturbance-succession cycle is critical to the persistence of aspen on many landscapes, some aspen stands persist on the landscape without fire. The complex role of fire is an important consideration for developing conservation and restoration strategies intended to sustain aspen.
The zipped folder attached to this entry is an archive of the work of the Connect the Connecticut “core team,” which met from 2014 to 2016. The archive includes records of the meetings of the core team including associated presentations and decisions. The core team also worked under two sub-teams, the Aquatics team and the Terrestrial team; records of these teams are also included in the archive. The final spatial products are available elsewhere as separate products of this project as well as at connecttheconnecticut.org. The core team was led by Nancy McGarigal, Andrew Milliken, and Scott Schwenk representing the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Other participants included other Service staff; representatives of...
The Gunnison Climate Working Group is a chartered partnership of 14 public and private organizations in Colorado’s Upper Gunnison Basin. The Southern Rockies LCC funded The Nature Conservancy to complete a comprehensive vulnerability assessment identifying species and ecosystems most at risk from climate change. The assessment included a set of habitat adaptation strategies for priority species, such as the Gunnison sage-grouse. As a final product, local demonstration projects were designed and installed.
Researchers from the University of Alaska (UAF), The NatureConservancy, and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service will use‘climate envelope’ models (i.e., models that infer a species’environmental requirements from locations where they arecurrently found) to explore how patterns in temperature,precipitation, and landcover (i.e., climate-biomes) may shift as aresult of changing climate.
The Fish Creek Watershed encompasses diverse aquatic habitats representative of much of the Arctic Coastal Plain of northern Alaska. Beyond surface water and permafrost responses caused by changes in climate, this landscape is also subject to potential land-use impacts related to petroleum development in the National Petroleum Reserve – Alaska (NPR-A). Thus, this region is an ideal setting to address aquatic habitat questions of longstanding interest to Arctic resource managers, scientists, and other stakeholders. Our multidisciplinary team is focusing on broad hypothesis that surface-water availability, connectivity, and temperature mediate aquatic habitats and trophic dynamics. We are working to understand and...