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Nitrapyrin is a nitrification inhibitor that is co-applied with N-fertilizer in agroecosystems. Over the course of one year (March 2016 to June 2017), 192 water samples from seven streams across Iowa and Illinois were analyzed for nitrapyrin, its degradate 6-chloropicolinic acid (6-CPA), and three widely used herbicides acetochlor, atrazine, and metolachlor. Additional environmental samples were collected and analyzed in spring 2017: 63 water samples from eight subsurface drains, and 33 soil samples from a field in Iowa that received direct application of nitrapyrin (only for nitrapyrin and herbicides). Nitrapyrin was detected in all seven streams (56% detection) with concentrations ranging from 4 to 1,200 ng/L;...
The use of carbon dioxide to control aquatic invasive species (AIS) prompted an evaluation of its effects on native freshwater mussels that may reside in areas of infusion. We exposed juvenile mussels (~6-mo old) of two species, the fat mucket (Lampsilis siliquoidea) and the federally endangered Higgins’ Eye (L. higginsii) to CO2 concentrations proposed for AIS control (24,000 – 96,000 µatm pCO2 ) for 28 d followed by a 14-d recovery period and compared their survival, growth, and behavior. Additionally, tissue and shell condition and transcriptomic response of four genes were measured in L. siliquoidea. Survival was similar between species; the 14-d postexposure LC50 for L.higginsii was 61,000 µatm pCO2 (95% CL...
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Four dichloroacetamide herbicide safeners (AD-67, benoxacor, dichlormid, and furilazole) and two co-applied herbicides (acetochlor and metolachlor) were measured in water samples from 7 streams across Iowa and Illinois. Iowa water samples were collected from March 2016 to June 2017, and Illinois water samples were collected from September 2016 to June 2017. The compounds studied are applied to corn, and Iowa and Illinois are the two largest corn producing states in the U.S. The seven stream sites are all adjacent to agricultural fields in corn production. Water samples (1-L) were collected in amber glass bottles using a grab or depth weighted approach. With the exception of one site, Iowa River at Wapello (USGS...
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The Northeast Stream Quality Assessment (NESQA) performed mercury (Hg) isotope analysis of prey fish, game fish, and sediments from 29 sites across an urban to forested land-use gradient. The data presented here includes the chemical analysis of Hg concentrations and isotopes, capture information for fish species, land use, and stream water quality variables. Using these parameters it was determined that the preservation of Hg isotope signatures, which are indicative of source (e.g. atmospheric deposition, industrial point discharge), were dependent on land use, proximity to point sources, and variables related urbanization (e.g. road density and impervious surface cover). Additional Information regarding the interpretation...
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Nitrapyrin, a nitrification inhibitor, 6-CPA, a nitrapyrin degradate, and three co-applied herbicides (acetochlor, atrazine, and metolachlor) were measured in surface drains from eights sites in Illinois. Water samples were collected from April to June 2017. The compounds studied are applied to corn, Illinois is one of the largest corn producing states in the U.S. Water samples (1-L) were collected in amber glass bottles using a grab or depth weighted approach. Water samples were filtered (0.7 micrometers), extracted via solid phase extraction (Oasis® MAX cartridge), and analyzed (nitrapyrin and herbicides by gas chromatography with mass-spectrometry; 6-CPA by liquid chromatography tandem mass-spectrometry).
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Nitrapyrin, a nitrification inhibitor, 6-CPA, a nitrapyrin degradate, and three co-applied herbicides (acetochlor, atrazine, and metolachlor) were measured in water samples from seven streams across Iowa and Illinois. Iowa water samples were collected from March 2016 to June 2017, and Illinois water samples were collected from September 2016 to June 2017. The compounds studied are applied to corn, and Iowa and Illinois are the two largest corn producing states in the U.S. The seven stream sites are all adjacent to agricultural fields in corn production. Water samples (1-L) were collected in amber glass bottles using a grab or depth weighted approach. With the exception of one site, Iowa River at Wapello (USGS Site...


    map background search result map search result map Herbicide Safener and Co-Applied Herbicide Concentrations for Seven Streams across Iowa and Illinois (March 2016 to June 2017) Nitrapyrin, 6-CPA, and herbicide concentrations in agricultural soils, subsurface drains, and corresponding streams in the Midwestern US Nitrapyrin, 6-CPA, and herbicide concentrations in streams in the Midwestern US (March 2016 to June 2017) Nitrapyrin, 6-CPA, and herbicide concentrations in subsurface drains in the Midwestern US (April 2017 to June 2017) Chemical and Physical Controls on Mercury Source Signatures in Stream Fish from the Northeastern United States Chemical and Physical Controls on Mercury Source Signatures in Stream Fish from the Northeastern United States Nitrapyrin, 6-CPA, and herbicide concentrations in subsurface drains in the Midwestern US (April 2017 to June 2017) Herbicide Safener and Co-Applied Herbicide Concentrations for Seven Streams across Iowa and Illinois (March 2016 to June 2017) Nitrapyrin, 6-CPA, and herbicide concentrations in agricultural soils, subsurface drains, and corresponding streams in the Midwestern US Nitrapyrin, 6-CPA, and herbicide concentrations in streams in the Midwestern US (March 2016 to June 2017)