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Understanding the physiological impacts of climate change on arid lands species is a critical step towards ensuring the resilience and persistence of such species under changing temperature and moisture regimes. Varying degrees of vulnerability among different species will largely determine their future distributions in the face of climate change. Studies have indicated that Northern Mexico and the Southwestern United States are likely to become climate change hotspots, experiencing significantly drier and warmer average conditions by the end of the 21st century. However, relatively few studies have examined specifically the physiological effects of climate change on species inhabiting this region. This manuscript...
Categories: Data, Project; Types: Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: 2014, AZ-01, AZ-02, AZ-03, AZ-04, All tags...
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The dataset supports a larger study that examined the impacts of three tackifiers (guar, psyllium, and polyacrylamide) on growth of two dryland mosses (Bryum argenteum and Syntrichia ruralis). Moss fragments were grown in petri dishes and subjected to individual tackifiers in one of three possible concentrations (0.5x, 1x, or 2x) of the respective manufacturer's recommended application rate. Distilled water was used as a control treatment, giving a total of ten treatments (nine tackifier-concentration combinations and a water control). Bryum fragments were watered four times daily for six weeks and Syntrichia fragments were watered twice daily for five weeks, after which the experiments were concluded. Shoot length,...
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To determine if invasive annual grasses increased around energy developments after the construction phase, we calculated an invasives index using Landsat TM and ETM+ imagery for a 34-year time period (1985-2018) and assessed trends for 1,755 wind turbines (from the U.S. Wind Turbine Database) installed between 1988 and 2013 in the southern California desert. The index uses the maximum normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) for early season greenness (January-June), and mean NDVI (July-October) for the later dry season. We estimated the relative cover of invasive annuals each year at turbine locations and control sites and tested for changes before and after each turbine was installed. These data were used...
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The dataset supports a larger study that examined the impacts of three tackifiers (guar, psyllium, and polyacrylamide) on growth of two dryland mosses (Bryum argenteum and Syntrichia ruralis). Moss fragments were grown in petri dishes and subjected to individual tackifiers in one of three possible concentrations (0.5x, 1x, or 2x) of the respective manufacturer's recommended application rate. Distilled water was used as a control treatment, giving a total of ten treatments (nine tackifier-concentration combinations and a water control). Bryum fragments were watered four times daily for six weeks and Syntrichia fragments were watered twice daily for five weeks, after which the experiments were concluded. Shoot length,...
We assessed the impacts of co-occurring invasive plant species on fire regimes and postfire native communities in the Mojave Desert, western USA by analyzing the distribution and co-occurrence patterns of three invasive annual grasses known to alter fuel conditions and community structure: Red Brome (Bromus rubens), Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum), and Mediterranean grass (Schismus spp.: Schismus arabicus and Schismus barbatus), and an invasive forb, red stemmed filaree (Erodium cicutarium) which can dominate postfire sites. We developed species distribution models (SDMs) for each of the four taxa and analyzed field plot data to assess the relationship between invasives and fire frequency, years postfire, and the impacts...
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These data show the multilocus genotypes, gender, and midline carapace length (MCL) for desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizii) sampled in the central portion of the Mojave desert tortoise range. This data supports the following publication: Dutcher, K.E., Vandergast, A.G., Esque, T.C., Mitelberg, A., Matocq, M.D., Heaton, J.S. and Nussear, K.E., Genes in space: what Mojave Desert tortoise genetics can tell us about landscape connectivity. Conservation Genetics, pp.1-15.
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These data are classified maps of water in the Colorado River at a discharge of approximately 227 meters squared/second in Grand Canyon from Glen Canyon Dam to Pearce Ferry in Arizona. The data are derived from interpretation of multispectral high resolution airborne imagery that was acquired in May 2013. The water classification data have the same 0.2-meter ground resolution as the imagery. These data have not undergone a statistical accuracy assessment, but they are based on methods that included image interpretation to exhaustively identify water which have been shown to produce very high classification accuracies and excellent correlation between maps of total vegetation produced by independent analysts and...
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The dataset supports a larger study that examined the impacts of three tackifiers (guar, psyllium, and polyacrylamide) on growth of two dryland mosses (Bryum argenteum and Syntrichia ruralis). Moss fragments were grown in petri dishes and subjected to individual tackifiers in one of three possible concentrations (0.5x, 1x, or 2x) of the respective manufacturer's recommended application rate. Distilled water was used as a control treatment, giving a total of ten treatments (nine tackifier-concentration combinations and a water control). Bryum fragments were watered four times daily for six weeks and Syntrichia fragments were watered twice daily for five weeks, after which the experiments were concluded. Shoot length,...
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This raster dataset represents spatially explicit predictions of burn severity (dNBRPredict.tif) in the Mojave Desert based on models developed from data on the difference normalized burn ratio (dNBR) within perimeters of fires greater than 405 hectares that burned between 1984 to 2010. Raster resolution equals 30 meters, projection equals UTM Zone 11N.
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This U.S. Geological Survey data release consists of 3 raster datasets representing estimates of probability of ignition (ProbIgnitPredict.tif), fire frequency (FrequencyPredictRF.tif), and burn severity (dNBRPredictRF.tif) in the Mojave Desert from 1984 to 2010. The data include: (1) A shapefile of the Mojave Desert that was used as our study area boundary (MojaveEcoregion_TNS_UTM83.shp). The original shapefile was obtained from NatureServe in 2009; (2) Three Tagged-Interchange Format (TIF) raster datasets representing probability of ignition, fire frequency, and burn severity. Resolution equals 30 meters, projection equals UTM Zone 11N. These data support the following publication: Klinger, R., Underwood, E.C.,...
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This raster dataset represents spatially explicit predictions of probability of ignition in the Mojave Desert based on models developed from data on perimeters of fires greater than 405 hectares that burned between 1972 to 2010. Raster resolution equals 30 meters, projection equals UTM Zone 11N.
Limited data exist on the affect of downy brome invasion on biogeochemical cycling. Biogeochemical cycling was quantified in a winterfat community in northeastern, CA that was separated into three invasion classes: noninvaded (NI), invaded for 3 yr (I3), and 10 yr (I10) by downy brome. On each plot, all aboveground vegetation was harvested and separated by species, dried, weighed, and tissue nutrients quantified. In addition, soil samples were collected from 0- to 30-, 30- to 60-, and 60- to 100-cm depths and various nutrient pools quantified. Aboveground biomass g/m2 was significantly greater, with downy brome averaging over 90% of the plant mass on the I10 plots (280 g) compared to the NI plots (148 g). In comparison...
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The U.S. Army Fort Irwin National Training Center (NTC), approximately 35 mi north-northeast of Barstow, California, covers approximately 1,177 square miles, and is comprised of ten groundwater basins, three of which have been subdivided into subbasins on the basis of additional hydrologic testing. Since the early 1990s, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has been studying water resources issues at Fort Irwin. One issue of concern is the potential effect of groundwater development resulting from planned training expansion and infrastructure at the NTC on natural springs and seeps, an important water source for wildlife. In 2010, the USGS entered into cooperative agreements with the U.S. Army to complete studies of...
This data release presents baseline datasets of phreatophytic groundwater-dependent ecosystem (GDE) locations in Oregon and trends in physical and environmental factors potentially influencing proximal groundwater supplies. The data release consists of three child items. The child items are: (1) Select Phreatophytic Shrub and Grass Species of Oregon, the Estimated Distribution of Phreatophytic Shrubland and Grassland Across Oregon, and Field Observations used to Constrain Mapped Species Distributions (tabular and raster datasets), (2) Historical Trends in Shallow and Deep Groundwater Levels by Well and 8-Digit Hydrologic Units (HUC8) (1990-2019, 2005-2019, and 2015-2019), GridMET Precipitation and Air Temperature...
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The U.S. Army Fort Irwin National Training Center (NTC), approximately 35 mi north-northeast of Barstow, California, covers approximately 1,177 square miles, and is comprised of ten groundwater basins, three of which have been subdivided into subbasins on the basis of additional hydrologic testing. Since the early 1990s, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has been studying water resources issues at Fort Irwin. One issue of concern is the potential effect of groundwater development resulting from planned training expansion and infrastructure at the NTC on natural springs and seeps, an important water source for wildlife. In 2010, the USGS entered into cooperative agreements with the U.S. Army to complete studies of...
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Water levels were measured during March 2014 in wells in the Antelope Valley and Fremont Valley groundwater basins, southwestern Mojave Desert, California, in cooperation with the Antelope Valley-East Kern Water District, Palmdale Water District, and Littlerock Creek Irrigation District. These data document recent conditions and, when compared with previous data, changes in groundwater levels. A regional water-table map was constructed using data from about 200 wells.
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These data are classification maps of total riparian vegetation along the Colorado River in Grand Canyon from Glen Canyon Dam to Pearce Ferry in Arizona. The data are derived from interpretation of multispectral high resolution airborne imagery that was acquired in May 2013. The total vegetation data have the same 0.2-meter ground resolution as the imagery. These data have not undergone a statistical accuracy assessment, but they are based on methods that included image interpretation to exhaustively identify total vegetation which have been shown to produce very high classification accuracies and excellent correlation between maps of total vegetation produced by independent analysts and ground truth. The data represent...


map background search result map search result map Physiological Effects of Climate Change on Species within the Desert LCC Riparian vegetation classification of the Colorado River Corridor, Grand Canyon, Arizona, 2013—Data Water classification of the Colorado River Corridor, Grand Canyon, Arizona, 2013—Data Electrical Resistivity Tomography Data at Fort Irwin National Training Center, San Bernardino County, California, 2015 and 2017 Electrical Resistivity Tomography Inverted Models Tackifier impacts on growth of Great Basin mosses Bryum argenteum and Syntrichia ruralis, a growth chamber study, 2017-2018 Tackifier impacts on growth of Great Basin moss Bryum argenteum, 2017-2018 Mass adjustment ratios used for Great Basin mosses Bryum argenteum and Syntrichia ruralis, 2017-2018 Invasive Plant Cover in the Mojave Desert, 2009 - 2013 (ver. 2.0, April 2021) Data supporting Landsat time series assessment of invasive annual grasses following energy development Microsatellite genotypes for desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) in Ivanpah Valley (2015-2017) Phreatophytic Shrublands and Grasslands, Historical (1990–2019) Trends in Groundwater Levels, Precipitation, and Air Temperature, Historical (1955-2016) Trends in Snow-Water Equivalent, and Projected Future (2040–99) Climate and Hydrology Anomalies across Oregon Species distribution model of the invasive annual forb Erodium cicutarium (red-stemmed filaree) in the Mojave Desert Fire Regimes in the Mojave Desert (1972-2010) Predictive Model of Burn Severity (dNBR) in the Mojave Desert Regional water table Contours of the Antelope Valley and Fremont Valley groundwater basins, Southwestern Mojave Desert, California, March 2014 Predictive Model of Probability of Ignition in the Mojave Desert Tackifier impacts on growth of Great Basin mosses Bryum argenteum and Syntrichia ruralis, a growth chamber study, 2017-2018 Tackifier impacts on growth of Great Basin moss Bryum argenteum, 2017-2018 Mass adjustment ratios used for Great Basin mosses Bryum argenteum and Syntrichia ruralis, 2017-2018 Electrical Resistivity Tomography Data at Fort Irwin National Training Center, San Bernardino County, California, 2015 and 2017 Electrical Resistivity Tomography Inverted Models Microsatellite genotypes for desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) in Ivanpah Valley (2015-2017) Regional water table Contours of the Antelope Valley and Fremont Valley groundwater basins, Southwestern Mojave Desert, California, March 2014 Riparian vegetation classification of the Colorado River Corridor, Grand Canyon, Arizona, 2013—Data Water classification of the Colorado River Corridor, Grand Canyon, Arizona, 2013—Data Data supporting Landsat time series assessment of invasive annual grasses following energy development Fire Regimes in the Mojave Desert (1972-2010) Invasive Plant Cover in the Mojave Desert, 2009 - 2013 (ver. 2.0, April 2021) Predictive Model of Burn Severity (dNBR) in the Mojave Desert Predictive Model of Probability of Ignition in the Mojave Desert Species distribution model of the invasive annual forb Erodium cicutarium (red-stemmed filaree) in the Mojave Desert Phreatophytic Shrublands and Grasslands, Historical (1990–2019) Trends in Groundwater Levels, Precipitation, and Air Temperature, Historical (1955-2016) Trends in Snow-Water Equivalent, and Projected Future (2040–99) Climate and Hydrology Anomalies across Oregon Physiological Effects of Climate Change on Species within the Desert LCC