Skip to main content
Advanced Search

Filters: Tags: demography (X)

24 results (34ms)   

View Results as: JSON ATOM CSV
Age-based population dynamics of Opuntia engelmannii, a shrubby cactus with flattened cladodes, were investigated at a Sonoran Desert site protected from grazing since 1907. Demographic statistics were determined from births and deaths on six permanent vegetation plots mapped four times between 1968 and 2001. Moderate longevity (13–56 years) and modest per capita annual survival (0.9298) were associated with fairly rapid turnover; cycles of population growth and decline were thus evident over relatively short periods. Age–frequency distribution, determined for subpopulations in two neighboring habitats in 1996 and 2003, was used to calculate residual regeneration, an index of the difference between observed cohort...
We investigated population dynamics in chorus frogs (Pseudacris maculata) relative to extrinsic (air temperatures and snowpack) and intrinsic (density dependence) characteristics at 2 sites in Colorado, USA. We used capture-mark-recapture (cmr) data (i.e., 1 or 0, provided here) and a Bayesian model framework to assess our a priori hypotheses about interactions among covariates and chorus frog survival and population growth rates. Files include: Cameron_Lily_cmr_NOV2020.csv, Cameron_Matthews_cmr_NOV2020.csv, and Cameron_covariates_NOV2020.csv. Data associated with paper by Kissel et al. 2021.
I measured rates of growth of individual Gunnison's prairie dogs (Cynomys gunnisoni) at three towns in the Moreno Valley, New Mexico; at an established prairie dog town (site I) prior to a plague (Yersinia pestis) epizootic and at two towns reestablished after the epizootic (sites 2 and 3). Populations declined by >99% during rile epizootic. After the epizootic, adults had greater mass, and juveniles grew faster than before. At sites 2 and 3, juveniles had high interyear survival (39%), whereas at site I, prior to plague, survival of juveniles was 17%. At sites 2 and 3, yearlings bred, whereas they did not al site 1. Mean litter size near the end of lactation was 1.5 at site 1 and 5.0 at sites 2 and 3. Application...
thumbnail
This dataset provides demographic information for the Svalbard population of pink-footed geese from 1991 to 2018. Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Obtaining reliable estimates of absolute and relative reproductive rates is challenging for avian species whose nests are difficult to observe, such as the burrowing owl (Athene cunicularia). We compared methods for estimating reproductive rates of burrowing owls, defined as the number of 21- to 28-day-old young per Successful nest. We compared observations using (1) the mean and (2) the maximum number of young observed during 5 30-min observation periods, and (3) the maximum number of voting videotaped during 2-hr video surveillance. We evaluated the reliability of these methods with the known number of young present in nest boxes. All 3 methods performed poorly as estimators of absolute reproductive rates (absolute...
Invasion by nonnative brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) often results in replacement of cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki) in the inland western United States, but the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. We conducted a four-year removal experiment to test for population-level mechanisms (i.e., changes in recruitment, survival, emigration, and immigration) promoting invasion success of brook trout and causing decline of native Colorado River cutthroat trout (O. c. pleuriticus). We chose 700–1200 m segments of four small mountain streams where brook trout had recently invaded cutthroat trout populations, two each at mid elevation (2500–2700 m) and high elevation (3150–3250 m), and annually removed...
thumbnail
These data were compiled to determine whether transient population dynamics substantially alter population growth rates of sagebrush after disturbance, impede resilience and restoration, and in turn drive ecosystem transformation. Data were collected from 2014-2016 on sagebrush population height distributions at 531 sites across the Great Basin that had burned and were subsequently reseeded by the BLM. These data include field data on sagebrush density in 6 size classes and site attributes (seeding year, sampling year, random site designation, elevation, seeding rate). Also included are modeled spring soil moisture data at each site from the year of seeding to sampling. This data release includes associated software...
thumbnail
These data were compiled to investigate the evolutionary history of Graham's beardtongue (Penstemon grahamii). Objective(s) of our study were to determine the evolutionary history of P. grahamii, including ancestral population sizes, the history of population divergences, and historical connectivity. In addition, we characterized population structure, genetic diversity summary statistics, and landscape factors influencing differentiation. These data represent anonymous loci sequenced from throughout the P. grahamii genome (specifically, .vcf and .structure files). Data in these files were manipulated to represent site frequency spectra between population pairs (.data files). These data were collected in 2019 from...
thumbnail
These data were compiled to investigate the evolutionary history of Hilaria jamesii, Hilaria mutica, and Hilaria rigida. The data release consists of two tab delimited text files that may be used to infer population structure (viva_structure.stru) or relationships among sampling localities (viva.phylip). Files record genetic variation on an individual (.stru) or sampling locality (.phylip) level. These files may be opened and edited in a text editor program, such as Notepad ++ (PC) or BBEdit (Mac). The .phylip file can be uploaded to phyML or SVDQuartets to generate a tree-based visualization of relationships ( http://www.atgc-montpellier.fr/phyml/ or https://paup.phylosolutions.com, repectively). The .stru file...
The demographic consequences of a severe drought year were examined for two experimental plantings of the herbaceous desert perennial Cryptantha flava(Boraginaceae) in northeastern Utah, United States. A total of 6680 nutlets were planted individually or in clusters of four both under shrubs and in open microhabitats within two natural populations. Survival, growth, and flowering as a function of density and microhabitat were followed for 7 years, including 1 year when precipitation just before and during the growing season was 74.5% below normal. The design permitted assessment of how intraspecific density and shrub cover affect demographic response to drought. Mortality increased and flowering decreased dramatically...
A central challenge in applied ecology is understanding the effect of anthropogenic fatalities on wildlife populations and predicting which populations may be particularly vulnerable and in greatest need of management attention. We used 3 approaches to investigate potential effects of fatalities from collisions with wind turbines on 14 raptor species for both current (106 GW) and anticipated future (241 GW) levels of installed wind energy capacity in the United States. Our goals were to identify species at relatively high vs low risk of experiencing population declines from turbine collisions and to also compare results generated from these approaches. Two of the approaches used a calculated turbine-caused mortality...
This dataset includes records of captures of San Francisco gartersnakes (Thamnophis sirtalis tetrataenia) collected at five sites from 2007 to 2020. The data include measurements of snake snout-vent length to estimate growth patterns, snake sex, and the record of all captures of individual snakes for estimating capture probability, availability for capture, and survival. These data support the following publication: Rose, J.P., Kim, R., Schoenig, E.J., Lien, P.C. and Halstead, B.J., 2022. Integrating growth and survival models for flexible estimation of size-dependent survival in a cryptic, endangered snake. Ecology and Evolution, 12(4), https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.8799.
thumbnail
These data are mark-recapture data procured from conducting nocturnal visual surveys and live lure based trapping for brown treesnakes in the 5 hectare enclosure called USGS Closed Population or Northwest Field North (NWFN). In addition, tissue samples were collected from brown treesnakes in order to build genetic relationships among resident individuals. The population was undergoing acetaminophen based toxicant treatment from March 31 2017 - February 29 2020. Monitoring occurred from 15 October 2016 - 31 March 2020. The data file contains four sheets that report data from different pieces of the demographic response to toxicant applications. Sheet 1 "BTS Counts" reports the number of brown treesnakes known to...
thumbnail
The dataset is comprised of historical observations and predictions of winter colony counts at known sites for three bat species (Myotis lucifugus, Myotis septentrionalis, and Perimyotis subflavus). Predictions of abundance are made at each site for each year from 1990 to 2020. Predictions come from three models, including a piecewise constant interpolation model, and two variations of a log linear mixed effects model. These predictions were used in part to inform the SSA for the three bat species. The log linear mixed models regress log(count+1) on one predictor, the year since detection of Pseudogymnoascus destructans (Pd), giving estimates of the population rate of growth (trend) for each site. Flexibility for...
thumbnail
The dataset is comprised of site-level, regional-level, and species-level future population projections for three bat species (Myotis lucifugus, Myotis septentrionalis, and Perimyotis subflavus) under several future scenarios. Future scenarios can be used to assess population health, and were used in part to inform the SSA for the three bat species. Many different future scenarios are included, defined based on future wind development and white-nose syndrome impacts. Sheets within the table are labeled based on the spatial scale of the projections (species, regional, or site-level), and the scenario column in each sheet indicates which future scenario projections correspond to, labeled based on the severity of wind...
thumbnail
Demographic look up tables allow the translation of a population growth rate, which is estimable from count data, to a set of vital rates parameterizing the birth and survival processes of the population. These tables are used in the BatTool R package to produce realistic simulations of population abundance trajectories given a range of population growth rates.
thumbnail
Sagebrush ecosystems and wildlife that depend on them are under pressure from development, changing climate, as well as natural and human-caused disturbance. Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) are of particular concern due to population declines across many western states. We initiated a study to evaluate landscape-level changes ( disturbances, habitat treatments, development, and climate change) in Wyoming. This dataset contains age ratios (the number of juveniles to adult female mule deer) for 36 herd units in Wyoming, USA from 1985-2019. Age ratios provide a consistent metric of population demographics, including an index of recruitment (survival rate of young), which can be a sensitive metric of population change....
thumbnail
The TIGER/Line Files are shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) that are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master Address File / Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing (MAF/TIGER) Database (MTDB). The purpose of this file is to provide the geography for the 2010 Census Blocks along with their 2010 housing unit count and population. Census Blocks are statistical areas bounded on all sides by visible features, such as streets, roads, streams, and railroad tracks, and/or by nonvisible boundaries such as city, town, township, and county limits, and short line-of-sight extensions of streets and roads. Blocks are the smallest geographic...
thumbnail
These data were compiled to investigate the evolutionary history of Astragalus iselyi, A. sabulosus var. sabulosus, and A. sabulosus var. vehiculus. The data release consists of six text files. One file is a bash script (astragalus_MLE_msms.sh) for generating simulated genetic data. Four files contain individual-level (astragalus.fasta, astragalus.nothin.recode.vcf, astragalus.recode.vcf) or population-level (astragalus_dadi.txt) information on genetic variation. One file contains sampling site-specific data for various soil and climatic variables (astragalus_env.txt). The .vcf files contain the full sequence information that is contained in the other files, but the file structures vary based on the programs used...
thumbnail
This dataset includes data on the growth, fecundity, and survival of Giant Gartersnakes (Thamnophis gigas) in the Sacramento Valley of California from 1995-2017. These data support the following publication: Rose, J.P., Ersan, J.S., Wylie, G.D., Casazza, M.L. and Halstead, B.J., 2019. Demographic factors affecting population growth in giant gartersnakes. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 83(7), pp.1540-1551.


map background search result map search result map Census 2010 TIGER/Line datasets for Wyoming Demographic modeling data (including code) at various sites in the Great Basin, USA Demographic Parameters for Svalbard Pink-Footed Geese, 1991-2018 Data files 'Viva' native plant material data in support of restoration and conservation Astragalus species complex genetic data from southeast Utah (Grand County and San Juan County), USA Demographic and potential biological removal models identify raptor species sensitive to current and future wind energy Chorus frog density and population growth, Cameron Pass, Colorado, 1986-2020 Demographic data for toxicant based trial eradication of brown treesnakes in the USGS Closed Population on Guam, 2016 - 2020 Penstemon grahamii genetic data from a dryland region of the western United States In Support of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 3-Bat Species Status Assessment: Future Projections of Known North American Bat Populations for 3 Species (2020-2060), Processed from the NABat Database Winter Colony Counts from 1990-2020 In Support of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 3-Bat Species Status Assessment: Status and Trends of Known North American Bat Populations for 3 Species from 1990-2020, Processed from the NABat Database Winter Colony Counts Growth and Capture-Mark-Recapture Data for San Francisco Gartersnakes, Thamnophis sirtalis tetrataenia, in San Mateo County, California from 2007 to 2020 Age ratios and landscape change covariates for mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) herd units in Wyoming, USA, 1985-2019 Chorus frog density and population growth, Cameron Pass, Colorado, 1986-2020 Demographic data for toxicant based trial eradication of brown treesnakes in the USGS Closed Population on Guam, 2016 - 2020 Penstemon grahamii genetic data from a dryland region of the western United States Data files Age ratios and landscape change covariates for mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) herd units in Wyoming, USA, 1985-2019 Census 2010 TIGER/Line datasets for Wyoming Demographic modeling data (including code) at various sites in the Great Basin, USA 'Viva' native plant material data in support of restoration and conservation Demographic Parameters for Svalbard Pink-Footed Geese, 1991-2018 Demographic and potential biological removal models identify raptor species sensitive to current and future wind energy In Support of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 3-Bat Species Status Assessment: Future Projections of Known North American Bat Populations for 3 Species (2020-2060), Processed from the NABat Database Winter Colony Counts from 1990-2020 In Support of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 3-Bat Species Status Assessment: Status and Trends of Known North American Bat Populations for 3 Species from 1990-2020, Processed from the NABat Database Winter Colony Counts