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Grass Carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) are a non-native species to North America that were first introduced for vegetation control in the 1960s. However, wild-reproducing Grass Carp can negatively impact aquatic habitats and aquatic communities by consuming substantial amounts of aquatic vegetation and increasing turbidity. Numerous fisheries techniques have been used in an attempt to control or eradicate Grass Carp, including electrofishing. However, electrofishing efficiency for Grass Carp has been variable, and optimum electrofishing waveforms and parameters for inducing a capture-prone response have not been determined. The objective of this study was to determine the optimum electrofishing waveforms and parameters...
Alternatives to chemicals for controlling dreissenid mussels are desirable for environmental compatibility, but few alternatives exist. Previous studies have evaluated the use of electrified fields for stunning and/or killing planktonic life stages of dreissenid mussels, however, the available literature on the use of electrified fields to control adult dreissenid mussels is limited. We evaluated the effects of sinusoidal alternating current (AC) and square- wave pulse direct current (PDC) exposure on the survival of zebra mussels at water temperatures of 10, 15, and 22°C. Peak voltage gradients of ~ 17 and 30 Vp/cm in the AC and PDC exposures, respectively, were continuously applied for 24, 48, or 72 h. Peak power...
The environmental fate, persistence, and point-source discharge of traditional molluscicidal compounds led to the development of an alternative biomolluscicide, Zequanox. Previous studies evaluated the efficacy and non-target animal safety of Zequanox in laboratory, mesocosm, and field enclosure studies. One study indicated sensitivity of salmonid species and lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens Rafinesque 1817) following exposure to Zequanox, however, the exposures were not conducted in a manner consistent with the product label. This laboratory study evaluated sublethal and lethal impacts of Zequanox on lake sturgeon and lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush Walbaum in Artedi, 1792) following exposures that were conducted...