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We examined bird and bat mortality at a new 89-turbine windfarm constructed in an environmentally sensitive area in north-central Iowa. The windfarm became operational in November 2001. It is located in cropland between three Wildlife Management Areas (WMA's) with historically high bird use. In the past, migrant and resident waterfowl, shorebirds, raptors, and songbirds moved between the WMA's through the area now occupied by the windfarm. Studies of bird collision mortality in California and elsewhere raised concerns about the possibility of mortalities in this area. From April 15, 2003 and December 15, 2003 we searched for dead animals under 26 randomly selected turbines. Six 76.2 m by 3.0 m transects were maintained...
This article offers a critical review of eight tradable permit markets: water permits at Fox River, Wisconsin; the U.S. leaded gasoline phase-out; sulfur dioxide credits under the U.S. Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990; the Regional Clean Air Incentives Market (RECLAIM) for controlling ozone and acid rain in Southern California; renewable energy credit trading at the regional level in the United States; individual transferrable quotas for fisheries at the national level in New Zealand; carbon credits traded under the European Union-Emissions Trading Scheme; and carbon offsets permitted under the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol. By "critical" the article does not fully weigh the costs and benefits...
Implementation of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) has resulted in the restoration of >2 million ha of wetland and grassland habitats in the Prairie Pothole Region (PPR). Restoration of habitats through these programs provides diverse ecosystem services to society, but few investigators have evaluated the environmental benefits achieved by these programs. We describe changes in wetland processes, functions, and ecosystem services that occur when wetlands and adjacent uplands on agricultural lands are restored through Farm Bill conservation programs. At the scale of wetland catchments, projects have had positive impacts on water storage,...
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This product is one of a set of mapped model simulation results generated for a project called “Global Climate Change and California: Potential Implications for Ecosystems, Health, and the Economy”. The project was conducted by the Electrical Power Research Institute (EPRI) and funded by the California Energy Commission’s Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program. The project was the most detailed study ever undertaken on the potential effect of climate change on California. The work examined a broad array of potentially affected sectors as well as the interactions between climate change and increased population, economic growth, and technological change. It considered a wide range of climate change scenarios,...
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This dataset represents the average amount of soil carbon within each HUC5 watershed, simulated by the model MC1 for the 30-year period 1971-2000. Soil carbon, in g m-2, was determined for each HUC5 watershed. Watersheds represent 5th level (HUC5, 10-digit) hydrologic unit boundaries and were acquired from the Natural Resources Conservation Service. Background: The dynamic global vegetation model MC1 (see Bachelet et al.2001) was used to simulate vegetation dynamics, associated carbon and nitrogen cycle, water budget, and wild fire impacts for OR, WA, AZ and NM, for a project funded by the USDA Forest Service (PNW09-JV-11261900-003). The MC1 model was run using historical data and future climate change projections...
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This map represents the mean annual value of total ecosystem carbon, simulated by the model MC1 for the 30-year period 1971-2000. The data is from output variable C_ECOSYS in MC1 version B60. The data is in units of grams of carbon per square meter; values range from 6739 to 77570 g C m-2. The mean value is 35184 g C m-2. The dynamic global vegetation model MC1 (e.g. Bachelet et al. 2001) was used to simulate vegetation dynamics, associated carbon and nitrogen cycle, water budget, and wild fire impacts at two study sites in eastern Oregon (Deschutes and Fremont-Winema National Forests) and in Arizona (Apache Sitgreaves National Forest area) in the context of a project funded by the USDA Forest Service (PNW 09-JV-11261900-003)....
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Observations from the moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) were used in combination with a large data set of Field measurements to map woody above-ground biomass (AGB) across tropical Africa. We generated a best-quality cloud-free mosaic of MODIS satellite reflectance observations for the period 2000-2003 and used a regression tree model to predict AGB at 1 km resolution. Results based on a cross-validation approach show that the model explained 82% of the variance in AGB, with a root mean square error of 50.5 Mg ha-1 for a range of biomass between 0 and 454 Mg ha-1 . Analysis of lidar metrics from the Geoscience Laser Altimetry System (GLAS), which are sensitive to vegetation structure, indicate...
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The Big Sky Carbon Atlas is being developed using a GIS (Geographic Information System) and related tools as an online resource for partners and other stakeholders in the Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership to explore and analyze the spatial characteristics of key geologic, physiographic, and anthropogenic factors affecting the Partnership's objectives.
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This data set contains imagery from the National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP). The NAIP program is administered by USDA FSA and has been established to support two main FSA strategic goals centered on agricultural production. These are, increase stewardship of America's natural resources while enhancing the environment, and to ensure commodities are procured and distributed effectively and efficiently to increase food security. The NAIP program supports these goals by acquiring and providing ortho imagery that has been collected during the agricultural growing season in the U.S. The NAIP ortho imagery is tailored to meet FSA requirements and is a fundamental tool used to support FSA farm and conservation programs....
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This data set contains imagery from the National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP). The NAIP program is administered by USDA FSA and has been established to support two main FSA strategic goals centered on agricultural production. These are, increase stewardship of America's natural resources while enhancing the environment, and to ensure commodities are procured and distributed effectively and efficiently to increase food security. The NAIP program supports these goals by acquiring and providing ortho imagery that has been collected during the agricultural growing season in the U.S. The NAIP ortho imagery is tailored to meet FSA requirements and is a fundamental tool used to support FSA farm and conservation programs....
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This data set contains imagery from the National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP). The NAIP program is administered by USDA FSA and has been established to support two main FSA strategic goals centered on agricultural production. These are, increase stewardship of America's natural resources while enhancing the environment, and to ensure commodities are procured and distributed effectively and efficiently to increase food security. The NAIP program supports these goals by acquiring and providing ortho imagery that has been collected during the agricultural growing season in the U.S. The NAIP ortho imagery is tailored to meet FSA requirements and is a fundamental tool used to support FSA farm and conservation programs....
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This data set contains imagery from the National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP). The NAIP program is administered by USDA FSA and has been established to support two main FSA strategic goals centered on agricultural production. These are, increase stewardship of America's natural resources while enhancing the environment, and to ensure commodities are procured and distributed effectively and efficiently to increase food security. The NAIP program supports these goals by acquiring and providing ortho imagery that has been collected during the agricultural growing season in the U.S. The NAIP ortho imagery is tailored to meet FSA requirements and is a fundamental tool used to support FSA farm and conservation programs....
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This data set contains imagery from the National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP). The NAIP program is administered by USDA FSA and has been established to support two main FSA strategic goals centered on agricultural production. These are, increase stewardship of America's natural resources while enhancing the environment, and to ensure commodities are procured and distributed effectively and efficiently to increase food security. The NAIP program supports these goals by acquiring and providing ortho imagery that has been collected during the agricultural growing season in the U.S. The NAIP ortho imagery is tailored to meet FSA requirements and is a fundamental tool used to support FSA farm and conservation programs....
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Sagebrush ecosystems in North America have experienced extensive degradation since European settlement, and continue to further degrade from exotic invasive plants, greater fire frequency, intensive grazing practices, increased oil and gas development, climate change, and other factors. Remote sensing is often identified as a key information source to facilitate broad-area ecosystem-wide characterization, monitoring and analysis, however, approaches that characterize sagebrush with sufficient and accurate local detail across large areas to support ecosystem research and analysis are unavailable. We have developed a new remote sensing sagebrush ecosystem characterization approach for the state of Wyoming, U.S.A....
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This map represents the percent change in total ecosystem carbon from 1971-2000 to 2070-2099, simulated by the model MC1 under the Hadley future climate projection and A2 anthropogenic emissions scenario. The average annual value of total ecosystem carbon for the respective 30-year periods decreased in some of the 5,311 grid cells of the Eastern Oregon study area and increased in others.The range of data values is from -18.2% to +194.1%. The mean value is -78.0% The vegetation model MC1 (e.g. Bachelet et al. 2001) was used to simulate vegetation dynamics, associated carbon and nitrogen cycle, water budget, and wild fire impacts at two study sites, one in eastern Oregon (Deschutes and Fremont-Winema National Forests)...
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This map represents the difference in annual minimum temperatures, simulated by the model MC1 between the 30-year periods 1971-2000 and 2070-2099, using the Hadley future climate projection under the A2 anthropogenic emission scenario. The average annual minimum temperature for the respective 30-year periods increased in all of the 5,311 grid cells of the Apache-Sitgreaves study area. The greatest increase was 4.35 C; the least increase was 4.26 C; and the mean increase was 4.31 C. The vegetation model MC1 (e.g. Bachelet et al. 2001) was used to simulate vegetation dynamics, associated carbon and nitrogen cycle, water budget, and wild fire impacts at two study sites in eastern Oregon (Deschutes and Fremont-Winema...
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This map represents the mean for the 30 year period 1971-2000 of the annual peak value of the fraction of live vegetation carbon which is in herbaceous (as opposed to woody) vegetation. The data is from output variable GFRAC in MC1 version B60. The data values are unitless fractions and range from 0 to 1. The vegetation model MC1 (e.g. Bachelet et al. 2001) was used to simulate vegetation dynamics, associated carbon and nitrogen cycle, water budget, and wild fire impacts at two study sites in eastern Oregon (Deschutes and Fremont-Winema National Forests) and in Arizona (Apache Sitgreaves National Forest area) in the context of a project funded by the USDA Forest Service (PNW 09-JV-11261900-003). Historical climate...
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This product is one of a set of mapped model simulation results generated for a project called "Global Climate Change and California: Potential Implications for Ecosystems, Health, and the Economy". The project was conducted by the Electrical Power Research Institute (EPRI) and funded by the California Energy Commission's Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program. The project was the most detailed study ever undertaken on the potential effect of climate change on California. The work examined a broad array of potentially affected sectors as well as the interactions between climate change and increased population, economic growth, and technological change. It considered a wide range of climate change scenarios,...
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This map represents the change between 1971-2000 and 2070-2099 in the mean annual fraction of each gridcell affected by fire, as simulated by the model MC1 under the Hadley future climate projection and A2 anthropogenic emissions scenario. Data values are calculated as PART_BURN(2070-2099) minus PART_BURN(1971-2000). PART_BURN data is from MC1 version B60. The average annual fraction of cell burned for the respective 30-year periods increased in some of the 5,311 grid cells of the Apache-Sitgreaves study area and decreased in others. The range of data values is from -0.077 to +0.163. The mean value is +0.031. The vegetation model MC1 (e.g. Bachelet et al. 2001) was used to simulate vegetation dynamics, associated...
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This map represents the change between 1971-2000 and 2071-2100 in the annual peak fraction of total live vegetation carbon held in herbaceous plants, as simulated by the model MC1 under the CSIRO Mk3 future climate projection and A2 anthropogenic emissions scenario. The range of data values is from -0.741 to +0.999. The mean value is +0.107. Data values are calculated as GFRAC(2071-2100) minus GFRAC(1971-2000). GFRAC data is from MC1 version B60. The dynamic global vegetation model MC1 (e.g. Bachelet et al. 2001) was used to simulate vegetation dynamics, associated carbon and nitrogen cycle, water budget, and wild fire impacts at two study sites in eastern Oregon (Deschutes and Fremont-Winema National Forests)...


map background search result map search result map Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership Atlas Remote Sensing Sagebrush Habitat Quantification Products for Wyoming (shrub height) Simulated average historical soil carbon (1971-2000) for AZ and NM, USA Percent change in the average annual value of total ecosystem carbon between 1971-2000 and 2070-2099, as simulated by MC1 under Hadley A2 for the Eastern Oregon study area, USA Difference in mean annual minimum temperatures between 1971-2000 and 2070-2099 under Hadley A2 for the Apache-Sitgreaves study area, Arizona, USA Change in the mean annual fraction of cell burned between 1971-2000 and 2070-2099, as simulated by MC1 under Hadley A2 for the Apache-Sitgreaves study area, Arizona, USA Annual Fraction of the Total Live Vegetation Carbon Held in Herbaceous Plants (1971-2000) for the Apache-Sitgreaves study area, Arizona, USA Change in the fraction of total live vegetation carbon held in herbaceous plants between 1971-2000 and 2071-2000, as simulated by MC1 under CSIRO Mk3 A2 for the eastern Oregon study area, Oregon, USA Average annual value of total ecosystem carbon (1971-2000) for the Eastern Oregon study area, USA Angola woody above ground biomass (tonnes/hectare) HAD IS92a future climate scenario: Projected (2070-2099) Percentage Change in Mean Annual Total Ecosystem Carbon for California HAD IS92a future climate scenario: Projected (2070-2099) Percentage Change in Mean Total Annual Precipitation for California FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_3911021_sw_12_1_20160714_20161017 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_3911027_sw_12_1_20160714_20161017 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_3911028_ne_12_1_20160714_20161017 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_3911029_se_12_1_20160722_20161017 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_3911124_sw_12_1_20160711_20161017 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_3911021_sw_12_1_20160714_20161017 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_3911027_sw_12_1_20160714_20161017 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_3911028_ne_12_1_20160714_20161017 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_3911029_se_12_1_20160722_20161017 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map FSA 10:1 NAIP Imagery m_3911124_sw_12_1_20160711_20161017 3.75 x 3.75 minute JPEG2000 from The National Map Annual Fraction of the Total Live Vegetation Carbon Held in Herbaceous Plants (1971-2000) for the Apache-Sitgreaves study area, Arizona, USA Difference in mean annual minimum temperatures between 1971-2000 and 2070-2099 under Hadley A2 for the Apache-Sitgreaves study area, Arizona, USA Change in the mean annual fraction of cell burned between 1971-2000 and 2070-2099, as simulated by MC1 under Hadley A2 for the Apache-Sitgreaves study area, Arizona, USA Percent change in the average annual value of total ecosystem carbon between 1971-2000 and 2070-2099, as simulated by MC1 under Hadley A2 for the Eastern Oregon study area, USA Change in the fraction of total live vegetation carbon held in herbaceous plants between 1971-2000 and 2071-2000, as simulated by MC1 under CSIRO Mk3 A2 for the eastern Oregon study area, Oregon, USA Average annual value of total ecosystem carbon (1971-2000) for the Eastern Oregon study area, USA Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership Atlas Remote Sensing Sagebrush Habitat Quantification Products for Wyoming (shrub height) Simulated average historical soil carbon (1971-2000) for AZ and NM, USA HAD IS92a future climate scenario: Projected (2070-2099) Percentage Change in Mean Annual Total Ecosystem Carbon for California HAD IS92a future climate scenario: Projected (2070-2099) Percentage Change in Mean Total Annual Precipitation for California Angola woody above ground biomass (tonnes/hectare)