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Ecologists studying coastal and estuarine benthic communities have long taken a macroecological view, by relating benthic community patterns to environmental factors across several spatial scales. Although many general ecological patterns have been established, often a significant amount of the spatial and temporal variation in soft-sediment communities within and among systems remains unexplained. Here we propose a framework that may aid in unraveling the complex influence of environmental factors associated with the different components of coastal systems (i.e. the terrestrial and benthic landscapes, and the hydrological seascape) on benthic communities, and use this information to assess the role played by benthos...
Distributional patterns and species diversity of benthic insects in an alpine stream in Gunnison County, Colorado, USA were investigated on several levels of spatial scale, from faunal replacement over 1,000 vertical m to microdistribution within the stony substratum. Ecotones including zonation in terrestrial vegetation and in trout distribution did not appear to affect faunal replacement. Competition among congeners accounted for 7-30% of the cases, while in the majority of species, faunal replacement appeared to be associated with gradual changes in the physical gradient. Trout zonation may affect total numbers of insects, however, as the trout-free headwaters had two to six times higher insect densities. Microdistribution...
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This is a GIS data layer representing submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) of the Barnegat Bay - Little Egg Harbor estuary, 2009, developed by classifying high resolution airborne digital camera imagery. Included are the submerged aquatic vegetation densities mapped into three classes throughout the study area and their respective area and perimeter for each polygon. The three classes of SAV are: 1) Dense (80% - 100% cover), 2) Moderate (40% - 80% cover), and 3) Sparse (10% - 40% cover). For full documentation, please refer to the technical report, 'Assessment of Seagrass Status in the Barnegat Bay - Little Egg Harbor Estuary System: 2003 and 2009 (Rutgers University, Lathrop and Haag, 2010), which is listed in the...
This project evaluates the effects of global climate change and sea level rise on estuarine intertidal habitat in the San Francisco Bay and the Pacific Flyway migratory waterbirds that rely on this habitat. Phase 2 of this project is a continuation of work to evaluate the effects of global climate change and sea level rise (SLR) on intertidal shoals in the San Francisco Bay Estuary and the migratory waterbirds that rely on this critically important resource in the Pacific Flyway. The primary objectives are to: 1) use downscaled global climate change models to translate SLR and climate scenarios into habitat quantity predictions through Delft3D and Dflow-FM (unstructured grid) geomorphic modeling; 2) model the response...
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This is a child item of the USGS Data Release: https://doi.org/10.5066/F7513WCB. These data are part of the Gulf Watch Alaska (GWA) long-term monitoring program, nearshore monitoring component. The dataset has three comma separated values (.csv) file exported from a Microsoft Access relational database. The data consist of 1) counts of Nucella spp., Lottia spp., Lirabuccinum dirum, and Katharina tunicata, 2) a taxonomic classification table, and 3) a table of Gulf Watch Alaska contributors. Version History: First release: September 2022 Revised: October 2023 (ver. 2.0)
NO3 Uptake in Shallow, Oligotrophic, Mountain Lakes: The Influence of Elevated NO3 Concentrations, credited to Lafrancois, Brenda Moraska, published in 2004. Published in Journal of the North American Benthological Society, volume 23, issue 3, on pages 397 - 415, in 2004.
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Multispectral satellite images from two reaches of the Buffalo National River in northern Arkansas were acquired between August 6, 2021, and September 15, 2021, to support research on remote sensing of benthic algae. The images included in this data release were obtained by the WorldView3 and Planet SkySat sensors. The original images were cropped to produce smaller subset images focused on each of the two primary study reaches. In addition, the WorldView3 images were geo-referenced and warped to improve alignment with field measurements. This data release includes a comma-delimited (*.csv) text file with a listing of the satellite images with columns: River, Reach, AcquisitionDate, Sensor, PixelSizeMeters, Projection,...
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This data release includes field measurements and remotely sensed data from two reaches of the Buffalo National River in northern Arkansas acquired in August and September of 2021 to support research on remote sensing of benthic algae from aerial photographs and satellite images. This landing page has links to child items where each type of data can be accessed: Field measurements of water depth and percent cover of benthic algae acquired August 24-25, 2021. This ground-based data set was used to calibrate spectrally based models for inferring water depths from passive optical image data, assess the accuracy of image-derived depth estimates, and train classifications of benthic algal coverage. Digital aerial photographs...
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Digital aerial photographs of the Buffalo National River in northern Arkansas were acquired on August 24, 2021 to support research on remote sensing of benthic algae. The images included in this data release were obtained by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service using the following key pieces of equipment: Quest Kodiak K100 aircraft, PhaseOne iXURS-1000 4-band (RGB and NIR) 100 mega-pixel medium format digital camera, SOMAG gyro-stabilized/vibration isolation sensor mounting, and POS AV510 GNSS/IMU navigational system. The original images were processed using photogrammetry software to generate orthophotos for the entire project area, delivered as GeoTIFF tiles. The tiles covering each of the two primary study reaches...
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Field measurements of water depth and percent cover of benthic algae were acquired from two reaches of the Buffalo National River in northern Arkansas August 24-25, 2021, to support research on remote sensing of benthic algae from aerial photographs and satellite images. The depth measurements included in this data release were obtained by wading the channel and measuring water depth with a stadia rod. Percent of algae cover on the streambed at each sample point was estimated visually to the nearest 10% on a scale from 0.0 to 1.0. The spatial location of each measurement was obtained using a Leica Zeno GG04 RTK GPS receiver. The map projection and datum for these data are UTM Zone 15 N and WGS84, respectively. This...
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Data are presented in support of USGS Scientific Investigations Report, "Investigation of factors controlling benthic algae in the Upper White River watershed, Colorado, 2018-21". This dataset contains cross section, pebble count, and velocity data for the White River upstream of Meeker, Colorado; collected during 2018, 2019, and 2020.
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Detecting trends in biological attributes is central to many stream monitoring programs; however, understanding how natural variability in environmental factors affects trend results is not well understood. We evaluated the influence of antecedent streamflow and sample timing (covariates) on trend estimates for fish, invertebrate, and diatom taxa richness and biological condition from 2002 to 2012 at 51 sites distributed across the conterminous United States. This data release contains all of the input and output files necessary to reproduce the results presented and discussed in the associated journal article.
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This data release has been SUPERSEDED. No data are provided here. Data from Gulf Watch Alaska nearshore water and air temperature sampling data releases have been appended to U.S. Geological Survey data release: https://doi.org/10.5066/F7WH2N3T. This data is part of the Gulf Watch Alaska (GWA) long term monitoring program, nearshore monitoring component. The data consists of date, time, and temperature measurements from intertidal rocky sampling sites. The dataset is 5 comma separated files exported from a download from the HOBO temperature logger. Sites are in Alaska and include locations in Katmai National Park and Preserve, Kenai Fjords National Park and northern and western Prince William Sound. There are five...
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The Benthic Lab investigates the benthic community throughout the San Francisco Bay and Sacramento Delta.
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In 1991, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) began a study of more than 50 major river basins across the Nation as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) project of the National Water-Quality Program. One of the major goals of the NAWQA project is to determine how water-quality and ecological conditions change over time. To support that goal, long-term consistent and comparable ecological monitoring has been conducted on streams and rivers throughout the Nation. Fish, invertebrate, and algae data collected as part of the NAWQA program were retrieved from the USGS Aquatic Bioassessment database for use in trend analysis. Ultimately, these data will provide insight into how natural features and human...
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The Willamette River Basin, Oregon, supports native fish species and non-native fish species introduced for sport fisheries or accidentally from aquarium releases and other sources. Based on fish surveys completed from 1998 to 2018 by Oregon State University and records from the Oregon State University Ichthyology Collection, the Willamette River Basin has 34 native fish species found upstream of the confluence of the Willamette and Columbia Rivers and 28 non-native fish species. Each native and non-native fish species has its own thermal tolerances and diet, spawning, and vertical preference traits. This means that distributions of native and non-native fishes along the river network are shaped by physical factors...
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Variability in sediment properties with depth and the thickness of individual sedimentary layers are critical determinants of seabed acoustic response. The New England Mud Patch (NEMP), located south of Cape Cod, is an unusual feature on the U.S. Continental Shelf in that it is composed of fine-grained sediment layers containing a relatively-homogeneous mix of sand, silt, and clay-sized particles bounded by more typical sandy shelf sediments. The unique characteristics and nature of this deposit is due to a derivation of sediments that have been transported to, and deposited in, a basal bowl-shaped depression since the last glacial maximum. Ninety-two piston, vibra-, and gravity cores with a maximum length of 8.2...
This data product was created as part of the Northwest Atlantic Marine Ecoregional Assessment. The Nature Conservancy developed this science-based ecoregional assessment for the Northwest Atlantic Marine region (Bay of Fundy to Cape Hatteras, North Carolina). This assessment synthesizes information on oceanography, chemistry, geology, biology, and social science to inform decisions about coastal and marine ecosystems. By integrating this information at a regional level, the Conservancy is able to provide both a greater understanding of the interrelated biological diversity of the marine ecoregion, and a clearer picture of the current condition of its natural areas and the challenges to their continued persistence....
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This data release has been SUPERSEDED. No data are provided here. Data from Gulf Watch Alaska nearshore mussel sampling data releases have been appended to U.S. Geological Survey data release: https://doi.org/10.5066/F7FN1498. This data is part of the Gulf Watch Alaska (GWA) long term monitoring program, nearshore monitoring component. Specifically, these data describe mussel sampling and observations conducted in the northern Gulf of Alaska within the GWA program. The dataset consists of five comma separated files exported from a Microsoft excel workbook. The data consists of 1. Mussel sampling site layout information, 2. Mussel count and 3. Size measurements for mussels greater than 20 millimeters, 4. Mussel...


    map background search result map search result map Submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) CRSSA image classification of the Barnegat Bay - Little Egg Harbor estuary, New Jersey: 2009 Ecological community datasets used to evaluate the presence of trends in ecological communities in selected rivers and streams across the United States, 1992-2012 (output) Datasets used to evaluate the effects of antecedent streamflow and sample timing on trend assessments of fish, invertebrate and diatom communities across the United States, 2002-12 (output) USGS Benthic Laboratory Foraminifera biostratigraphy of sediment cores from the New England Mud Patch collected on USGS Field Activity 2016-001-FA Channel characteristics of the Upper White River at 20 locations in Western Colorado, 2018-2021 Remotely sensed data and field measurements of water depth and percent cover of benthic algae from two reaches of the Buffalo National River in Arkansas acquired in August and September 2021 Satellite images of the Buffalo National River in Arkansas acquired in August and September 2021 Orthophotos of the Buffalo National River in Arkansas acquired on August 24, 2021 Field measurements of water depth and percent cover of benthic algae from two reaches of the Buffalo National River in Arkansas acquired in August 2021 Native and Non-Native Fish Species in the Willamette River Basin, Oregon SUPERSEDED: Gulf Watch Alaska Nearshore Component: Marine Water Quality, Water Temperature from Prince William Sound, Katmai National Park and Preserve, and Kenai Fjords National Park, 2014-2016 SUPERSEDED: Gulf Watch Alaska Nearshore Component: Intertidal Mussel Site Data from Prince William Sound, Katmai National Park and Preserve, and Kenai Fjords National Park, 2016 Rocky Intertidal Nucella, Lirabuccinum, Katharina, and Lottia Counts from Prince William Sound, Katmai National Park and Preserve, and Kenai Fjords National Park Foraminifera biostratigraphy of sediment cores from the New England Mud Patch collected on USGS Field Activity 2016-001-FA Submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) CRSSA image classification of the Barnegat Bay - Little Egg Harbor estuary, New Jersey: 2009 Channel characteristics of the Upper White River at 20 locations in Western Colorado, 2018-2021 USGS Benthic Laboratory Native and Non-Native Fish Species in the Willamette River Basin, Oregon Rocky Intertidal Nucella, Lirabuccinum, Katharina, and Lottia Counts from Prince William Sound, Katmai National Park and Preserve, and Kenai Fjords National Park SUPERSEDED: Gulf Watch Alaska Nearshore Component: Marine Water Quality, Water Temperature from Prince William Sound, Katmai National Park and Preserve, and Kenai Fjords National Park, 2014-2016 SUPERSEDED: Gulf Watch Alaska Nearshore Component: Intertidal Mussel Site Data from Prince William Sound, Katmai National Park and Preserve, and Kenai Fjords National Park, 2016 Ecological community datasets used to evaluate the presence of trends in ecological communities in selected rivers and streams across the United States, 1992-2012 (output) Datasets used to evaluate the effects of antecedent streamflow and sample timing on trend assessments of fish, invertebrate and diatom communities across the United States, 2002-12 (output)