Environmental protection agency's coastal restoration efforts under the coastal wetlands, planning, protection, and restoration act
Effects of sea-level rise on barrier island groundwater system dynamics – ecohydrological implications
Abstract: We used a numerical model to investigate how a barrier island groundwater system responds to increases of up to 60 cm in sea level. We found that a sea-level rise of 20 cm leads to substantial changes in the depth of the water table and the extent and depth of saltwater intrusion, which are key determinants in the establishment, distribution and succession of vegetation assemblages and habitat suitability in barrier islands ecosystems. In our simulations, increases in water-table height in areas with a shallow depth to water (or thin vadose zone) resulted in extensive groundwater inundation of land surface and a thinning of the underlying freshwater lens. We demonstrated the interdependence of the groundwater...
Hydrologic restoration of Point au Fer Island, Louisiana: national marine fisheries service efforts to restore wetland habitat
This dataset represents the shoreline positions that were surveyed at the beginning and end of a one year study of erosion along the back barrier (western shoreline) of Cumberland Island National Seashore (CUIS). Additionally, this dataset also contains projected shoreline positions for the year 2050 and 2100 derived from erosion rates observed in this study and the R package - Analysis of Moving Boundaries Using R (AMBUR). To determine shoreline positions, points were surveyed along the edge of the margin scarp using either a Trimble R8 Real-Time Kinematic Global Positioning System (RTK GPS) unit, a Trimble S6 total station, or both. Points were then converted to a polyline feature to represent the position and...
This dataset includes barrier island land cover types collected from mid-November 2015 to mid-December 2015 along randomly placed transects at seven sites throughout the east end of Dauphin Island. Specifically, this data collection included characterizing land cover types and measuring horizontal position and elevation. We characterized plant community composition and structure for a subset of these points (see Vegetation Survey Data Table). This work was conducted through a joint effort by the State of Alabama, the U.S. Geological Survey, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to evaluate the feasibility of various restoration alternatives and how specific alternatives might increase the resiliency and sustainability...