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This dataset contains taxonomic information, counts, and lengths of macroinvertebrates collected from rivers in northwest Alaska using drift and kick nets during summer and fall 2015-2019.
We conducted a field experiment to assess interrelationships between leaf-tissue secondary chemistry, avian predation, and the abundance and diversity of arthropods occurring on sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata) in central Oregon. Arthropods were removed from individual shrubs, some of which were then caged to exclude birds. Secondary chemistry and arthropods were sampled at intervals up to 56 wk following the defaunation/caging treatment. Recovery rates differed among arthropod taxa and functional groups. Several sap-sucking homopterans and hemipterans reached control levels within 2-4 wk of the treatment, whereas abundances of parasitoids and predators recovered to match control numbers only 6 wk after defaunation....
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Biological indicator taxa have long been used for integrative assessments of water quality, particularly benthic invertebrate groups such as arthropods. While standardized protocols have been developed to calculate 'biological index' scores based on the abundances of these taxa, such systems are challenging to implement at large scales due to the sampling effort required, taxonomic expertise needed, and the need for repeated sampling to reliably discriminate sites. Many of the same taxa detected by traditional surveys can also be detected by genetic analysis of environmental DNA (eDNA), potentially allowing for an alternative formulation of biological indexes that might be faster and more economical to produce....
Abstract (from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12791/abstract): Urban green spaces provide ecosystem services to city residents, but their management is hindered by a poor understanding of their ecology. We examined a novel ecosystem service relevant to urban public health and esthetics: the consumption of littered food waste by arthropods. Theory and data from natural systems suggest that the magnitude and resilience of this service should increase with biological diversity. We measured food removal by presenting known quantities of cookies, potato chips, and hot dogs in street medians (24 sites) and parks (21 sites) in New York City, USA. At the same sites, we assessed ground-arthropod diversity...
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High-throughput methods for identification of pollinator taxa are desirable to improve our understanding of pollinator distributions, population trends, and ecology. Genetic sequencing of taxonomically informative 'barcode' loci is one high-throughput strategy, which can be applied to individual specimens using Sanger technology and to complex mixtures using metabarcoding technology. This study generated Sanger sequencing data from morphologically identified specimens and metabarcoding data derived from pooled tissues. This data release consists of several files: 1. sample.metadata.txt, which contains sampling metadata and identifiers linking to sequence data that has been deposited in the Sequence Read Archive...
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We assessed change in the seasonal timing of insect emergence from tundra ponds near Barrow, Alaska over a four-decade timespan, and explored factors that regulate this significant ecological phenomenon. The early-summer pulse of adult insects emerging from myriad tundra ponds on the Arctic Coastal Plain is an annual event historically coincident with resource demand by tundra-nesting avian consumers. Asymmetrical changes in the seasonal timing of prey availability and consumer needs may impact arctic-breeding shorebirds, eiders, and passerines. We have found evidence of change in the thermal behavior of these arctic wetlands, along with a shift in the phenology of emerging pond insects. Relative to the 1970s, tundra...
Late Quaternary-age arthropods were recovered from dry cave deposits and packrat middens located in the Grand Canyon, Canyonlands, and Glen Canyon region of the Colorado Plateau. This Quaternary data resource has not been analyzed before from the Colorado Plateau national parks. Radiocarbon dates on the various deposits containing arthropods range from 1510 to 30,660 yr B.P. The fossil assemblages yielded 57 identified taxa of insects, arachnids, and millipedes, including 15 taxa taken to the species level. The information from the fossil insect record of the Colorado Plateau is not yet sufficiently detailed to permit precise paleoenvironmental reconstructions. However, preliminary conclusions suggest a cooler,...
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Honey bees (Apis mellifera), a critical agricultural pollinator in many areas, have a high rate of infection with a large DNA virus, Apis mellifera filamentous virus (AmFV), yet little is known about its ecology or impact on honey bee colonies, other than its ubiquity and apparent low virulence. This study scanned over 5,000 public data sets to detect AmFV sequences in honey bees as well as a parasitic mite of honey bees, Varroa destructor, that is a potential vector of AmFV. The data release consists of these files: 1. AmFV.genome.assemblies.aligned.fas, which contains new AmFV draft genome sequences generated by this study aligned with existing reference genome accessions downloaded from the National Center for...
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In general, ChesMMAP is fishery-independent monitoring survey that uses a large-mesh bottom trawl to sample late juvenile-to-adult fishes in the mainstem of Chesapeake Bay. This program currently provides data on relative abundance, length, weight, sex ratio, maturity, age, and trophic interactions for several important fish species that inhabit the bay seasonally.
Categories: Data; Types: Citation, Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: Artrópode, Chesapeake Bay, USA, Cifozoa, Loggerhead, Loggerhead Sea Turtles, All tags...
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Grasslands provide important habitat for monarch butterflies and other pollinators in the southern Great Plains. The main objective of this project was to provide baseline data for assessing the contribution of grassland management practices to monarch/pollinator habitat. Specific objectives included 1) Developing protocols for evaluating habitat restoration effectiveness and monarch/pollinator population use, 2) Implementing the protocols, 3) Evaluating and revising protocols based on data collected during protocol implementation, and 4) Developing translational science, outreach and communication of project products. The focus of the project has shifted over time with the finalization of the Integrated Monarch...
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Late Quaternary-age arthropods were recovered from dry cave deposits and packrat middens located in the Grand Canyon, Canyonlands, and Glen Canyon region of the Colorado Plateau. This Quaternary data resource has not been analyzed before from the Colorado Plateau national parks. Radiocarbon dates on the various deposits containing arthropods range from 1510 to 30,660 yr B.P. The fossil assemblages yielded 57 identified taxa of insects, arachnids, and millipedes, including 15 taxa taken to the species level. The information from the fossil insect record of the Colorado Plateau is not yet sufficiently detailed to permit precise paleoenvironmental reconstructions. However, preliminary conclusions suggest a cooler,...
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This USGS data release includes data from experiments conducted with two species of caddisflies (Hydropsyche californica and Arctopsyche grandis (Order: Trichoptera) to quantify copper and cadmium uptake and loss after dissolved and dietary exposures. Both Arctopsyche and Hydropsyche belong to the family Hydropsychidae (O: Trichoptera). They are relatively sessile, net-spinning filter feeders. Data from these experiments can be used to characterize physiological parameters used in a bioaccumulation dynamic model.
Arthropods living in the canopies of two woody shrub species (a sub-shrub (Gutierrezia sarothrae) and a large shrub (Prosopis glandulosa)) and perennial grasses plus associated herbaceous species, were sampled on 18, 0.5 hectare plots in a Chihuahuan Desert grassland for five consecutive years. Mesquite shrubs were removed from nine plots, six plots were grazed by yearling cattle in August and six plots were grazed in February for the last 3 years of the 5 year study. Arthropod species richness ranged between 154 and 353 on grasses, from 120 to 266 on G. sarothrae, and from 69 to 116 on P. glandulosa. There was a significant relationship between the number of families of insects on grass and G. sarothrae and growing...
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NEAMAP stands for NorthEast Area Monitoring and Assessment Program. NEAMAP was developed to meet the needs of fisheries management and stock assessment activities in the northeastern United States. NEAMAP began in 2006 with a fall pilot survey and in 2008 began conducting both a spring and fall survey. NEAMAP samples from Cape Cod, MA south to Cape Hatteras, NC and targets both juvenile and adult fishes. NEAMAP is an integrated, cooperative state/federal data collection program. Its mission is to facilitate the collection and dissemination of fishery-independent information obtained in the Northeast for use by state and federal fisheries management agencies, the fishing industry (commercial and recreational),...
Categories: Data; Types: Citation; Tags: Anelídeo, Artrópode, Atlantic hagfish, Atlantic ridley, Atlantic ridley sea turtle, All tags...
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We assessed change in the seasonal timing of insect emergence from tundra ponds near Barrow, Alaskaover a four-decade timespan, and explored factors that regulate this significant ecological phenomenon.The early-summer pulse of adult insects emerging from myriad tundra ponds on the Arctic Coastal Plainis an annual event historically coincident with resource demand by tundra-nesting avian consumers.Asymmetrical changes in the seasonal timing of prey availability and consumer needs may impact arcticbreedingshorebirds, eiders, and passerines. We have found evidence of change in the thermal behaviorof these arctic wetlands, along with a shift in the phenology of emerging pond insects. Relative to the1970s, tundra ponds...
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Determining spatial distributions and temporal trends in trace metals in sediments and benthic organisms is common practice for monitoring environmental contamination. These data can be the basis for assessing metal exposure, the potential for adverse biological effects, and the response to regulatory or management actions (Suter, 2001). Another common method of environmental monitoring is to examine the community structure of sediment-dwelling benthic organisms (Simon, 2002). Spatial and temporal changes in community structure reflect the integrated response of resident species to environmental conditions, although the underlying cause(s) for the response may be difficult to identify and quantify. Together, measurements...


    map background search result map search result map Late quaternary arthropods from the Colorado Plateau, Arizona and Utah The Chesapeake Bay Multispecies Monitoring and Assessment Program (ChesMMAP) Northeast Area Monitoring and Assessment Program Near Shore Trawl Survey (NEAMAP) Changing Seasonality of Invertebrate Food Resources across the Arctic Coastal Plain Seasonality of Invertebrates Final Report ASDN Terrestrial Invertebrates and Weather Access Database Final Report: Monarch-pollinator monitoring, tracking and evaluation of grassland habitat and management practices in the southern plains Benthic community near the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant in South San Francisco Bay (ver 2.0, November 2022) Invertebrate remains from the Dominican University of California archaeological site MRN-CA-254, Marin County, California Metabarcode sequencing of aquatic environmental DNA from the Potomac River Watershed, 2015-2020 Data for laboratory experiments conducted with the caddisflies Hydropsyche californica and Arctopsyche grandis to derive copper and cadmium bioaccumulation parameters Voucher and metagenetic sequencing of DNA barcodes of wild-collected bees (Apoidea) from Iowa, USA Macroinvertebrates from Rivers in Northwest Alaska, 2015-2019 Benthic community near the Palo Alto Regional Water Quality Control Plant in South San Francisco Bay (ver 2.0, November 2022) Invertebrate remains from the Dominican University of California archaeological site MRN-CA-254, Marin County, California The Chesapeake Bay Multispecies Monitoring and Assessment Program (ChesMMAP) Metabarcode sequencing of aquatic environmental DNA from the Potomac River Watershed, 2015-2020 Changing Seasonality of Invertebrate Food Resources across the Arctic Coastal Plain Seasonality of Invertebrates Final Report Voucher and metagenetic sequencing of DNA barcodes of wild-collected bees (Apoidea) from Iowa, USA Late quaternary arthropods from the Colorado Plateau, Arizona and Utah Macroinvertebrates from Rivers in Northwest Alaska, 2015-2019 Final Report: Monarch-pollinator monitoring, tracking and evaluation of grassland habitat and management practices in the southern plains Northeast Area Monitoring and Assessment Program Near Shore Trawl Survey (NEAMAP) Data for laboratory experiments conducted with the caddisflies Hydropsyche californica and Arctopsyche grandis to derive copper and cadmium bioaccumulation parameters ASDN Terrestrial Invertebrates and Weather Access Database