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Maize is the New World’s preeminent grain crop and it provided the economic basis for human culture in many regions within the Americas. To flourish, maize needs water, sunlight (heat), and nutrients (e.g., nitrogen). In this paper, climate and soil chemistry data are used to evaluate the potential for dryland (rain-on-field) agriculture in the semiarid southeastern Colorado Plateau and Rio Grande regions. Processes that impact maize agriculture such as nitrogen mineralization, infiltration of precipitation, bare soil evaporation, and transpiration are discussed and evaluated. Most of the study area, excepting high-elevation regions, receives sufficient solar radiation to grow maize. The salinities of subsurface...
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The Neversweat Prospect (MMK-092) is located on the right bank of Eldorado Creek, a tributary of Moose Creek. The site is a landscape of the Kantishna Historic Mining District (KHMD). The KHMD is within the boundaries of Denali National Park and Preserve, at the end of the 92 mile Park Road near Wonder Lake. The Neversweat Prospect is a 4.3 acre historic site and contains a small collection of historic buildings and structures, small scale features and landscape features associated with lode mining. The extant features consist of one building (cabin), and 15 structures (three collapsed adits, one partially collapsed adit, one partially collapsed outhouse, a historic road, a historic trail, six rock retaining walls)....
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This dissertation presents results from four recently discovered archeological sites in southcentral Alaska. The sites range from the Younger Dryas to middle Holocene in age and provide valuable contextual information for the human process of colonizing a region that was heavily glaciated during the LGM. The deglaciation and human colonization of southcentral Alaska is one of the most significant aspects of the settling phase in eastern Beringia not only for its potential to inform about the human response to post-glacial landscapes but also for what we can learn about subsequent migrations to the southern coast of Alaska. Understanding how early foraging societies spread throughout eastern Beringia, after its initial...
Lake Minchumina past and present. A short history of the native village of Tanana, Dichinanek'Hwt'Ana: A history of the people of the upper Kuskokwim who live in Nikolai and Telida, Alaska; Cantwell native village history
The Kennecott Cemetery is a component landscape of the Kennecott Mines National Historic Landmark. It is located a quarter mile south from the Kennecott Mill Town site, within the boundaries of Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, Alaska. The cemetery is accessed by the old Wagon Road, the original access road for the Kennecott Mill Town before the railroad was completed in 1911. This road has also been referred to as the South Glacier Trail. The site boundaries include all known historic features and relevant landscape characteristics within the cemetery associated with the settlement and social history of Kennecott. Contributing features include fifty grave markers, subterranean structures, fences and...
Dena'ina oral tradition indicates that the antecedent worldview brought with the migrating Athabascan Dena'ina into the Cook Inlet Basin and the Lake Clark/Iliamna Lake region included dual organization, perhaps moieties, matrilineal descent, a preferential rule for cross cousin marriage, and customs in which on ceremonial occasions guests would perform services for hosts, who recompensed the former with goods. Archaeological and ethnographic evidence is summarized in this thesis that indicates that the Dena'ina communal hunting and gathering and intensive salmon fishing strategy, in combination with borrowed Alutiiq technology, was a successful adaptation to the maritime/riverine environment of the Cook Inlet Basin...
This dissertation examines one corner of the grammar of the Ahtna Athabaskan language of Alaska: the use and semantics of the lexical class of directionals. In particular, this dissertation looks at how Ahtna speakers use directionals in spontaneous discourse and elicitation against the backdrop of the physiography of Ahtna territory. The semantics of the directional system is traditionally riverine, meaning that the orientation of the local river local determines which directional term speakers choose. Talk about direction and location of referents in the natural landscape is common among Ahtna speakers: Ahtna people are traditionally seminomadic, and verbally displaying one's knowledge of overland travel through...
This dissertation presents results from four recently discovered archeological sites in southcentral Alaska. The sites range from the Younger Dryas to middle Holocene in age and provide valuable contextual information for the human process of colonizing a region that was heavily glaciated during the LGM. The deglaciation and human colonization of southcentral Alaska is one of the most significant aspects of the settling phase in eastern Beringia not only for its potential to inform about the human response to post-glacial landscapes but also for what we can learn about subsequent migrations to the southern coast of Alaska. Understanding how early foraging societies spread throughout eastern Beringia, after its initial...
Cultural change should not be viewed as the slow breakdown of a "traditional" culture through absorption but rather as the blending of different components of each interacting cultural group, blurring elements through temporal change. A modified version of the core-periphery model in which both micro-level and macro-level perspectives are utilized provides a framework in which to study interethnic relations within the zone of cultural interaction. Prior to contact, the Dena'ina had successfully adjusted their subsistence strategies in order to exploit an array of ecological niches. The flexibility to reformulate their sociopolitical structure continued throughout the contact period, allowing their participation...
This dissertation presents results from four recently discovered archeological sites in southcentral Alaska. The sites range from the Younger Dryas to middle Holocene in age and provide valuable contextual information for the human process of colonizing a region that was heavily glaciated during the LGM. The deglaciation and human colonization of southcentral Alaska is one of the most significant aspects of the settling phase in eastern Beringia not only for its potential to inform about the human response to post-glacial landscapes but also for what we can learn about subsequent migrations to the southern coast of Alaska. Understanding how early foraging societies spread throughout eastern Beringia, after its initial...
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The structural stabilization of seven prehistoric ruins in Canyonlands National Park and Natural Bridges National Monument, credited to Gaunt, Joan K, published in 1985.
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New field mapping of surficial deposits near the Castner Glacier, Alaska has identified three distinct moraine complexes beyond the current glacier margin, denoting at least three separate intervals of glacial advance or stillstand. The timing of moraine stabilization and ice retreat was determined by cosmogenic super( 10)Be surface exposure dating for the two older moraines along with lichenometric measurements for all three moraines. Surface exposure ages indicate the timing of ice retreat after the late Wisconsin maximum at 14.7 c 0.7 ka (n = 4, k-years before present), and identify the intermediate moraine as corresponding to the Little Ice Age (LIA) at 1627 c 32 years AD (n = 2). Lichen measurements from the...


map background search result map search result map The structural stabilization of seven prehistoric ruins in Canyonlands National Park and Natural Bridges National Monument Respect for Grizzly Bears: an Aboriginal Approach for Co-existence and Resilience A First Approximation of Holocene Inter-Assemblage Variability in Central Alaska The End of the Kachemak Tradition on the Kenai Peninsula, Southcentral Alaska The World Turned Upside Down: A History of Mining on Coal Creek and Woodchopper Creek, Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve, Alaska A late glacial and holocene chronology of the Castner Glacier, Delta River Valley, Alaska Cultural landscape report : Kennecott Mill Town Neversweat Prospect: Cultural Landscape Inventory, Denali National Park, National Park Service Prehistoric colonization of southcentral Alaska: Human adaptations in a post glacial world The structural stabilization of seven prehistoric ruins in Canyonlands National Park and Natural Bridges National Monument A late glacial and holocene chronology of the Castner Glacier, Delta River Valley, Alaska The World Turned Upside Down: A History of Mining on Coal Creek and Woodchopper Creek, Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve, Alaska The End of the Kachemak Tradition on the Kenai Peninsula, Southcentral Alaska Neversweat Prospect: Cultural Landscape Inventory, Denali National Park, National Park Service Cultural landscape report : Kennecott Mill Town Prehistoric colonization of southcentral Alaska: Human adaptations in a post glacial world A First Approximation of Holocene Inter-Assemblage Variability in Central Alaska Respect for Grizzly Bears: an Aboriginal Approach for Co-existence and Resilience