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We enhanced the agro-hydrologic VegET model to include snow accumulation and melt processes and the separation of runoff into surface runoff and deep drainage. Driven by global weather datasets and parameterized by land surface phenology (LSP), the enhanced VegET model was implemented in the cloud to simulate daily soil moisture (SM), actual evapotranspiration (ETa), and runoff (R) for the conterminous United States (CONUS) and the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA). Evaluation of the VegET model with independent data showed satisfactory performance, capturing the temporal variability of SM (Pearson correlation r: 0.22–0.97), snowpack (r: 0.86–0.88), ETa (r: 0.41–0.97), and spatial variability of R (r: 0.81–0.90). Absolute...
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Annual actual evapotranspiration (ETa) rates in 55 basins in Florida and parts of Alabama and Georgia were evaluated for 2000–17 using the Operational Simplified Surface Energy Balance (SSEBop) model at about a one-square kilometer resolution (Sepúlveda, 2021). SSEBop ETa rates were bias corrected on the basis of ETa rates computed from weather observations at 24 micrometeorological evapotranspiration flux (MEF) stations, stratified by land-use type and referred to as mETa rates. Uncorrected and bias-corrected SSEBop ETa rates were evaluated by comparison with independent estimates based on a crop-coefficient method for generalized land-use types (luETa) and a water-balance method for each basin (wbETa). Average...
The evaluation of historical water use in the Upper Rio Grande Basin (URGB), United States and Mexico, using Landsat-derived actual evapotranspiration (ETa) from 1986 to 2015 is presented here as the first study of its kind to apply satellite observations to quantify long-term, basin-wide crop consumptive use in a large basin. The rich archive of Landsat imagery combined with the Operational Simplified Surface Energy Balance (SSEBop) model was used to estimate and map ETa across the basin and over irrigated fields for historical characterization of water-use dynamics. Monthly ETa estimates were evaluated using six eddy-covariance (EC) flux towers showing strong correspondence (r2 > 0.80) with reasonable error rates...
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This metadata record describes a series of data sets of natural, climatic, and anthropogenic landscape features processed as model inputs for the Data-Driven Drought Prediction Project of the Water Resources Mission Area Drought Program. These data are linked to two different spatial units: the National Hydrologic Geospatial Fabric version 1.1 (nhgfv1.1) including their associated individual catchments as well as their upstream watersheds for the Upper and Lower portions of the Colorado River Basin (Bock and others, 2020) and select U.S. Geological Survey streamgage basins for the conterminous United States ( Wieczorek and Staub, 2023). Child items are arranged by data themes (GRIDMET, NLDAS-2, SWE, see table below...
CONUS-wide actual ET (ETa) from Landsat thermal imagery-using the Operational Simplified Surface Energy Balance (SSEBop) model (version 4) in the Google Earth Engine (GEE) cloud computing platform. Over 150,000 Landsat satellite images were used to produce 10 years of annual ETa (2010-2019).
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This NetCDF represents the monthly inputs and outputs from a United States Geological Survey water-balance model (McCabe and Wolock, 2011) for the conterminous United States for the period 1895-01-01 to 2020-12-31. The source data used to run the water balance model is based on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's(Vose and others, 2020) ClimGrid data for precipitation and temperature. This NetCDF contains the following monthly inputs: temperature (degrees Celsius) and precipitation (millimeters, mm) and the following outputs (all in mm): runoff, soil moisture storage, actual evapotranspiration, potential evapotranspiration, snow water equivalent, and snowfall. The spatial reference for this data...
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These data were released prior to the October 1, 2016 effective date for the USGS’s policy dictating the review, approval, and release of scientific data as referenced in USGS Survey Manual Chapter 502.8 Fundamental Science Practices: Review and Approval of Scientific Data for Release. The water-budget components geodatabase contains selected data from maps in the, "Selected Approaches to Estimate Water-Budget Components of the High Plains, 1940 through 1949 and 2000 through 2009" report (Stanton and others, 2011). Data were collected and synthesized from existing climate models including the Parameter-Elevation Regressions on Independent Slopes Model (PRISM) (Daly and others, 1994), and the Snow accumulation and...
The data presented here are in support of the evaluation efforts of the satellite-based actual Evapotranspiration (ETa) using the Operational Simplified Surface Energy Balance (SSEBop) model. The ETa data is currently used by the U.S. Geological Survey Famine Early Warning System Network (FEWS NET) to produce and post multitemporal ETa and ETa anomalies online on a regular basis for drought monitoring and early warning purposes and are freely available for download at https://earlywarning.usgs.gov/fews/.
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This tabular data set represents mean-annual actual evapotranspiration, estimated using the regression equation of Sanford and Selnick (2013) compiled for two spatial components of the NHDPlus version 2 data suite (NHDPlusv2) for the conterminous United States; 1) individual reach catchments and 2) reach catchments accumulated upstream through the river network. This dataset can be linked to the NHDPlus version 2 data suite by the unique identifier COMID. The source data for mean-annual actual evapotranspiration was produced by the USGS (Sanford and others, 2013) using the regression equation of Sanford and Selnick (2013). Units are millimeters per year. Reach catchment information characterizes data at the local...
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This tabular data set represents annual average actual evapotranspiration values (millimeters) described in Wolock and McCabe (2017), compiled for the NHDPlus version 2 data suite (NHDPlusV2) for the conterminous United States for the years 2014 and 2015. Linkage of the actual evapotranspiration data with NHDPlusV2 is achieved through the common unique identifier COMID. The actual evapotranspiration values are estimated both for: 1) individual reach catchments and 2) reach catchments accumulated upstream through the river network. The reach catchment information characterizes data at the local scale, whereas the catchments accumulated through the river network characterize cumulative upstream conditions. The network-accumulated...
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The Landsat Collection 2 Provisional Actual Evapotranspiration Science Product is available for download from https://espa.cr.usgs.gov/. Actual Evapotranspiration (ETa) is the quantity of water that is removed from a surface due to the processes of evaporation and transpiration and is measured in millimeters (mm). ETa can be fundamental in the understanding of the spatiotemporal dynamics of water use over land surfaces. Landsat Collection 2 (C2) Provisional ETa Science Products are available globally for Landsat 4-5 Thematic Mapper (TM), Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+), and Landsat 8-9 Operational Land Imager/Thermal Infrared Sensor (OLI/TIRS) scenes that can be successfully processed to C2 Level-2...
We compared the water balance among the earth's major terrestrial ecosystems. Potential evapotranspiration, actual evapotranspiration (AET) and deficit were derived for each month and year from 19-25-yr climate records at ninety-four sites around the world representing eleven biomes. For each variable, we determined mean annual values. Our focus, however, was to examine temporal variation in AET, which previously has been correlated with large-scale patterns of ecosystem structure and function. Standard deviation of annual AET, an absolute measure of interannual variability, was highest for grasslands and lowest for tundra and taiga. Coefficient of variation of annual AET, a relative measure of variability, was...
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These data were released prior to the October 1, 2016 effective date for the USGS’s policy dictating the review, approval, and release of scientific data as referenced in USGS Survey Manual Chapter 502.8 Fundamental Science Practices: Review and Approval of Scientific Data for Release. This point feature class contains 81,481 points arranged in a 270-meter spaced grid that covers the Spring Mountains and Sheep Range in Clark County, Nevada. Points are attributed with hydroclimate variables and ancillary data compiled to support efforts to characterize ecological zones.
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These data were compiled to provide Fred Phillips Consultants with an estimate of river and stream vegetation (riparian) water use within the Little Colorado River (LCR) Watershed in Arizona, specifically providing an estimate of riparian plant area ET (mm/day and in mm/year) for actual remotely-sensed estimates of ETa and CU for at least one year of data (i.e., 2020). Objectives of our study were to measure five water metrics for the Little Colorado River watershed region on the Navajo Nation. These water metrics represent data including precipitation (P), potential evapotranspiration (ETo), actual evapotranspiration (ETa), net water requirement (WR) or the water difference (WD) between ETa and rainfall, and consumptive...
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This tabular data set represents annual water balance variables as described in Wolock and McCabe (2017) averaged over the years 2000 through 2014, compiled for the NHDPlus version 2.1 data suite (NHDPlusV2) for the conterminous United States. The variables included are: actual evapotranspiration (AET, in millimeters) , potential evapotranspiration (PET, in millimeters), precipitation (PPT, in millimeters), runoff (RUN, in millimeters) , annual precipitation as snow (SNO, in millimeters) , soil moisture storage (STO, in millimeters), and temperature (TAV, in Celsius). Linkage of these data with NHDPlusV2 is achieved through the common unique identifier COMID. The values are estimated both for: 1) individual reach...
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The California Basin Characterization Model (CA-BCM 2014) dataset provides historical and projected climate and hydrologic surfaces for the region that encompasses the state of California and all the streams that flow into it (California hydrologic region ). The CA-BCM 2014 applies a monthly regional water-balance model to simulate hydrologic responses to climate at the spatial resolution of a 270-m grid. The model has been calibrated using a total of 159 relatively unimpaired watersheds for the California region. The historical data is based on 800m PRISM data spatially downscaled to 270 m using the gradient-inverse distance squared approach (GIDS), and the projected climate surfaces include five CMIP-3 (GFDL,...
Evapotranspiration is the process by which water is transferred from the soil or land surface to the atmosphere. It is the sum of direct evaporation from the ground and transpiration from plants. The Operational Simplified Surface Energy Balance (SSEBop) is a remote-sensing based model that provides actual evapotranspiration estimates. SSEBop uses the Simplified Surface Energy Balance (SSEBop) model and ET fractions from NASA's Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and predefined parameters for operational applications. This SSEBop layer is a time-enabled image service. It is a live feed layer that is updated automatically once a month.
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These data were released prior to the October 1, 2016 effective date for the USGS’s policy dictating the review, approval, and release of scientific data as referenced in USGS Survey Manual Chapter 502.8 Fundamental Science Practices: Review and Approval of Scientific Data for Release. The water-budget-components geodatabase contains selected data from maps in the, "Selected Approaches to Estimate Water-Budget Components of the High Plains, 1940 through 1949 and 2000 through 2009" report (Stanton and others, 2011). Data were collected and synthesized from existing climate models including the Parameter-Elevation Regressions on Independent Slopes Model (PRISM) (Daly and others, 1994), and the Snow accumulation and...
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These data were released prior to the October 1, 2016 effective date for the USGS’s policy dictating the review, approval, and release of scientific data as referenced in USGS Survey Manual Chapter 502.8 Fundamental Science Practices: Review and Approval of Scientific Data for Release. Estimates of evapotranspiration (ET) are an essential component for understanding the water budget of the High Plains aquifer. The amount of ET that occurs is a function of crop type, crop management practices, soil characteristics, and climate conditions. These raster ET data represent monthly actual ET of the High Plains aquifer from April 2000 to December 2009. These data were developed using the Simplified-Surface-Energy- Balance...


map background search result map search result map California Basin Characterization Model Downscaled Climate and Hydrology Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Catchments and Modified Routing of Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: Mean-Annual Actual Evapotranspiration, Estimated Using Regression Equation of Sanford and Selnick (2013) Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Reach Catchments and Modified Routed Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: Average Annual Water Balance Variables over the Period of Record, 2000-2014 Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Reach Catchments and Modified Routed Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: Annual Average Actual Evapotranspiration (millimeters) from 2014 - 2015 Catchment-flowline network and selected model inputs for an enhanced and updated spatially referenced statistical assessment of dissolved-solids load sources and transport in streams of the Upper Colorado River Basin Annual SSEBop ET rasters at Landsat scale from 2010-2019 for the CONUS Data sets of actual evapotranspiration rates from 2000 to 2017 for basins in Florida and parts of Alabama and Georgia, calculated using the water-balance method, the bias-corrected Operational Simplified Surface Energy Balance (SSEBop) model, and the land-use crop coefficients model Uncultivated plant water use (riparian evapotranspiration) and consumptive use data for selected areas of the Little Colorado River watershed on the Navajo Nation, Arizona DS-777 Average Annual Actual Evapotranspiration, 2000 to 2009, in inches estimated from the National Weather Service (NWS) Snow Accumulation and Ablation (SNOW-17) Model for the High Plains Aquifer in Parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming DS-777 Average Annual Actual Evapotranspiration, 1940 to 1949, in inches estimated from the Soil Water Balance (SWB) Model for the High Plains Aquifer in Parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming Geospatial Database of Hydroclimate Variables, Spring Mountains and Sheep Range, Clark County, Nevada DS-777 Monthly Actual Evapotranspiration Rasters calculated using the Simplified-Surface-Energy-Balance (SSEB) Model from April 2000 to December 2009 for the High Plains Aquifer in Parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming Data-Driven Drought Prediction Project Model Inputs for Upper and Lower Colorado Portions of the National Hydrologic Geo-Spatial Fabric version 1.1 and Select U.S. Geological Survey Streamgage Basins ESPA Global ET USGS monthly water balance model inputs and outputs for the conterminous United States, 1895-2020, based on ClimGrid data Geospatial Database of Hydroclimate Variables, Spring Mountains and Sheep Range, Clark County, Nevada Uncultivated plant water use (riparian evapotranspiration) and consumptive use data for selected areas of the Little Colorado River watershed on the Navajo Nation, Arizona Data sets of actual evapotranspiration rates from 2000 to 2017 for basins in Florida and parts of Alabama and Georgia, calculated using the water-balance method, the bias-corrected Operational Simplified Surface Energy Balance (SSEBop) model, and the land-use crop coefficients model Catchment-flowline network and selected model inputs for an enhanced and updated spatially referenced statistical assessment of dissolved-solids load sources and transport in streams of the Upper Colorado River Basin DS-777 Average Annual Actual Evapotranspiration, 1940 to 1949, in inches estimated from the Soil Water Balance (SWB) Model for the High Plains Aquifer in Parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming DS-777 Average Annual Actual Evapotranspiration, 2000 to 2009, in inches estimated from the National Weather Service (NWS) Snow Accumulation and Ablation (SNOW-17) Model for the High Plains Aquifer in Parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming California Basin Characterization Model Downscaled Climate and Hydrology DS-777 Monthly Actual Evapotranspiration Rasters calculated using the Simplified-Surface-Energy-Balance (SSEB) Model from April 2000 to December 2009 for the High Plains Aquifer in Parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming Annual SSEBop ET rasters at Landsat scale from 2010-2019 for the CONUS USGS monthly water balance model inputs and outputs for the conterminous United States, 1895-2020, based on ClimGrid data Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Catchments and Modified Routing of Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: Mean-Annual Actual Evapotranspiration, Estimated Using Regression Equation of Sanford and Selnick (2013) Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Reach Catchments and Modified Routed Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: Average Annual Water Balance Variables over the Period of Record, 2000-2014 Attributes for NHDPlus Version 2.1 Reach Catchments and Modified Routed Upstream Watersheds for the Conterminous United States: Annual Average Actual Evapotranspiration (millimeters) from 2014 - 2015 Data-Driven Drought Prediction Project Model Inputs for Upper and Lower Colorado Portions of the National Hydrologic Geo-Spatial Fabric version 1.1 and Select U.S. Geological Survey Streamgage Basins ESPA Global ET