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ABSTRACT: The “policy environment” is defined herein as the institutional setting in which planning is conducted and policy decisions are made with regard to meeting two of the Nation's high priority goals: water quality protection and energy independence. The simultaneous pursuit of these goals has resulted in numerous conflicts among the energy industry, environmentalists, and government. An analysis of selected energy development-water quality conflicts shows that these conflicts can be described in terms of one or more of the following policy environment characteristics: resource scarcity, sense of urgency, lack of experience, administrative complexity, uncertainty about future policies and regulations, technological...
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The data release includes data from four studies: (1) toxicity of a permitted effluent, which entered the Deep Fork River (DFR), Oklahoma, USA, to a unionid mussel (Lampsilis siliquoidea) and to 2 standard test species (cladoceran Ceriodaphnia dubia; and fathead minnow Pimephales promelas) in short-term 7-d effluent tests; (2) relative sensitivities of the 3 species to potassium (K), an elevated major ion in the effluent, using 7-d toxicity tests with KCl spiked into a DFR upstream reference water; (3) potential influences of background water characteristics on the acute K toxicity to the mussel (96-h exposures) and cladoceran (48-h exposure) in 4 reconstituted waters that mimicked the hardness and ionic composition...
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The Upper Colorado River Basin contains large deposits of oil shale, tar sands, crude oil, coal, and natural gas. Agriculture still accounts for 90% of the water depletions, but future development of these energy resources is expected to take increasing amounts of water. A mixed-integer programming model was used to maximize returns to land, water, and mineral resources. The results were used to assess the need for government-sponsored water conservation measures to supplement water saving techniques employed by the private sectors in response to increased water prices. The feasibilities of various water saving techniques by industries and of various government-sponsored water conservation measures were examined...
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Attributes regarding the acute toxicity of sodium chloride (NaCl) and potassium chloride (KCl) to larvae (glochidia) or juveniles of a unionid mussel (fatmucket, Lampsilis siliquoidea) at various water hardness and in the presence of other major ions.


    map background search result map search result map An Evaluation of Water Conservation Techniques in the Upper Colorado River Basin Behavioral effects of copper on larval white sturgeon-Data Toxicity of aluminum to Ceriodaphnia dubia in natural waters as affected by hardness and dissolved organic matter Acute toxicity of sodium chloride and potassium chloride to a unionid mussel (Lampsilis siliquoidea) in water exposures-Data Survival and growth of rainbow trout and warm water fishes exposed to selected contaminants Chemical and biological data from acute and chronic nickel and zinc exposure bioassays to two sensitive freshwater benthic invertebrates Chemical and biological data from a study on sensitivity of a unionid mussel (Lampsilis siliquoidea) to a permitted effluent and elevated potassium Chemical and biological data from acute and chronic nickel and zinc exposure bioassays to two sensitive freshwater benthic invertebrates Chemical and biological data from a study on sensitivity of a unionid mussel (Lampsilis siliquoidea) to a permitted effluent and elevated potassium Survival and growth of rainbow trout and warm water fishes exposed to selected contaminants Behavioral effects of copper on larval white sturgeon-Data Toxicity of aluminum to Ceriodaphnia dubia in natural waters as affected by hardness and dissolved organic matter Acute toxicity of sodium chloride and potassium chloride to a unionid mussel (Lampsilis siliquoidea) in water exposures-Data An Evaluation of Water Conservation Techniques in the Upper Colorado River Basin