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Background information.—Historically, the Powell River supported abundant and diverse populations of freshwater mussels. In recent decades, mussel density and species richness have declined and many freshwater mussel species are listed as either State or Federally threatened or endangered species. Environmental degradation from coal mining has been identified as one of the drivers of this decline. An example is the 1996 Lone Mountain slurry spill that directly affected mussel populations, as well as their host fish species. Freshwater mussels feed by filtering small particles from water, thereby improving water quality and providing an essential ecosystem service in rivers and streams. Mussels also serve as a food...
Categories: Project; Types: Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: Aquatic, Aquatic species propagation, Bank stabilization/erosion control, Broadleaf, Conservation easement, All tags...
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Background The North Atlantic Coastal Plain (NACP) covers a land area of approximately 34,000 mi 2 along the eastern seaboard of the United States from Long Island, N.Y., southward to the northern portion of North Carolina. This area is underlain by a thick wedge of sedimentary deposits that form a complex groundwater system in which the sands and gravels function as confined aquifers, and the silts and clays function as confining units. These confined aquifers of the NACP constitute a major source of water for public and domestic supply for the nearly 27 million people living in the region, as well as being important source of water for industrial and agricultural purposes. Increases in population and changes...
Categories: Data, Project; Types: Downloadable, Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, Shapefile; Tags: Cooperative Water Program, Delaware, Focused Assessments, Focused Assessments, Focused Assessments, All tags...
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Background information.— The Powell and Clinch Rivers provide vital habitat for many forms of wildlife and are inhabited by one of the world’s richest and most diverse assemblages of freshwater mussels (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2003). The rivers are also multiple-use recreation areas and a valuable water source that supplies water for the residents of Lee County, Virginia. The Lone Mountain coal slurry spill released sediment and hazardous substances affecting water quality and impacting 12 Federally listed mussels and critical habitat for 2 Federally listed fish. Fish and mussel habitat depends on the riparian habitats surrounding the river. In order to recover lost fish and mussel habitat, the Lone Mountain...
Categories: Project; Types: Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: AmeriCorps National Civilian Community Corp, AmeriCorps National Civilian Community Corp, Aquatic, Bank stabilization/erosion control, Bank stabilization/erosion control, All tags...
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Background information.—To restore fish and mussel habitat lost in the Lone Mountain coal slurry spill, the Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration (NRDAR) plan calls for riparian habitat restoration to improve existing stream conditions, particularly by stabilizing streambanks in problem areas and planting appropriate riparian buffers throughout the watershed. The Powell River runs through Leeman Field Park in Pennington Gap, Virginia, the largest population center near the Lone Mountain spill site. Through this reach, the river experienced streambank erosion and loss of instream habitat because of channel instability, changes in stormwater runoff, and loss of riparian vegetation along the streambank....
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Problem - Increasing development within the Shenandoah Valley in recent years has placed additional demands on the region’s water resources. The sedimentary rocks in the Valley have been compressed and folded by tectonic forces to form a 5-km deep basin. Ground water, a principal component of the available water supply, flows through fractures in the sedimentary and crystalline rocks that underlie the Valley. Bedding fractures in the rocks are angled downward along the dip of the folds, allowing ground water to penetrate deeply below land surface—fresh water is obtained from wells over 800 ft deep in the Valley. Objectives - Develop a ground-water-flow model to simulate movement of ground water and estimate the...
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Background information.— The Lone Mountain slurry spill injured two endangered fish species in the Powell River—the yellowfin madtom ( Noturus flavipinnis) and the slender chub ( Erimystax cahni). The yellowfin madtom was historically widespread throughout the Upper Tennessee River drainage but was presumed extinct at the time of its formal scientific description. The discovery of three surviving but geographically isolated populations in the late 1970s and early 1980s resulted in its listing as a threatened species. The slender chub was also once relatively common in the Powell River but is now listed as one of the most narrowly distributed minnows in North America. Both the yellowfin madtom and the slender chub...
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Background information.—The Powell River watershed has a long history of coal mining. Prior to August 3, 1977, Virginia laws and regulations required the reclamation of areas affected by coal surface mining, but there were no regulations addressing reclamation of underground mines. Flows or seeps from these abandoned mines have long degraded the waters of the Powell River watershed (U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2008). Water that is discharged from these sites can be highly acidic and it commonly contains high concentrations of dissolved iron and aluminum sulfates. This acid mine drainage degrades the water quality of streams and water supplies and is a major contributor to aquatic habitat degradation. Led by...
Categories: Project; Types: Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: Acid mine drainage (AMD) abatement, Acid mine drainage abatement, Aquatic, Barren/rock, Daniel Boone Soil and Water Conservation District, All tags...
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The Southeast Conservation Adaptation Strategy (SECAS) is a shared, long-term vision for lands and waters that sustain fish and wildlife populations and improve human quality of life across the southeastern United States and Caribbean. SECAS provides regional focus for investments across organizations, disciplines, and partnerships on shared and proactive goals. The unique role of SECAS is to identify and support the steps necessary to regionally plan, implement, and evaluate actions that sustain habitat, mitigate threats, and adapt to desired conditions. As a result, SECAS unifies the delivery of conservation activities and supports innovation that can be applied across the region. Funding for this project supports...
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Following Hurricane Sandy, the USGS began construction of an overland Surge, Wave, and Tide Hydrodynamics (SWaTH) Network along the Northeastern Atlantic Coast from North Carolina to Maine. This network, developed collaboratively with numerous partners, features the integration of long-term tide gage networks, with real-time rapid-deployment gages (RDG) and mobile storm-tide sensors (STS). An element of the comprehensive strategy of SWaTH ensures that locations for most RDGs and STSs have been presurveyed to the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88) and equipped with receiving brackets. This permits rapid deployment and recovery of instrumentation and data dissemination in the hours and days immediately...


    map background search result map search result map Lone Mountain NRDAR Fresh Water Mussel Restoration Lone Mountain NRDAR Endangered Fish Restoration Lone Mountain NRDAR Tipple Site Riparian Restoration and Outdoor Classroom Restoration Lone Mountain NRDAR Pennington Gap Riparian Restoration and Community Park Development Restoration Lone Mountain NRDAR Acid Mine Drainage Restoration Ground-water-flow model of the Shenandoah Valley, Virginia and West Virginia Coastal Storm Response Surge, Wave, and Tide Hydrodynamics Network (SWaTH) Groundwater Availability of the Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain Southeast Conservation Adaptation Strategy Ground-water-flow model of the Shenandoah Valley, Virginia and West Virginia Lone Mountain NRDAR Fresh Water Mussel Restoration Lone Mountain NRDAR Endangered Fish Restoration Lone Mountain NRDAR Tipple Site Riparian Restoration and Outdoor Classroom Restoration Lone Mountain NRDAR Pennington Gap Riparian Restoration and Community Park Development Restoration Lone Mountain NRDAR Acid Mine Drainage Restoration Groundwater Availability of the Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain Coastal Storm Response Surge, Wave, and Tide Hydrodynamics Network (SWaTH) Southeast Conservation Adaptation Strategy