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Background information.—On July 8, 2012, lightning ignited a fire on Bureau of Land Management-managed land on the Miller Homestead in Harney County, Oregon. High winds combined with unusually hot and dry conditions spread the fire through dry grass and sagebrush and 160,801 acres were burned before the fire was contained on July 24, 2012. In the aftermath, it was determined that ecological restoration was necessary since the majority of the fire occurred within prime habitat for sage-grouse, and the fire had burned with such severity that it removed vegetation down to bare soil. Without rehabilitation efforts, desirable vegetation would be unlikely to reestablish and the site would be open to invasion by noxious...
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Background information. The South Canyon project area consists of 121,000 acres within the Upper Sevier River Watershed in southern Utah. This watershed is ranked as a high priority for restoration because of degraded riparian and upland vegetation and erosion, the presence of hazardous fuels placing communities at increased risk of wildfire, and degraded greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) and mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) habitat because of the expansion and infilling of pinyon and juniper. In particular, this project was designed to reestablish and maintain sagebrush semi-desert habitat, open travel corridors, and provide benefits to sage-grouse and mule deer within and immediately adjacent to the...
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Background information.—The Long Draw fire was ignited by a lightning strike on July 8, 2012 on land southwest of Burns Junction, Oregon. Within 2 hours, the fire had burned several thousand acres. By the time of containment on July 16, 2012, the fire had burned a total of 558,198 acres of land that had previously provided forage for livestock and wild horses and habitat for sage-grouse and other wildlife. As a consequence of this fire, the burned area faced the immediate risks of erosion and invasion by noxious weeds. The Bureau of Land Management’s Vale District responded to this threat with the Long Draw Fire Emergency Stabilization and Rehabilitation Plan, which is designed to ensure recovery and protection...
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Background information. This fuels reduction project, which was conducted by the Bureau of Land Management’s (BLM’s) Rio Puerco Field Office, consisted of woodland habitat restoration in the Zuni Mountains approximately 45 miles south of Grants, New Mexico. Topography of the landscape includes mesas and canyons, with north-facing slopes dominated by stands of ponderosa pine with an open, grassy understory. Like other places in the American West, pinyon and juniper have encroached into open meadows and stands of ponderosa pine, which is most likely because of the lack of a natural fire regime. This change to the wooded landscape has dramatically increased hazardous fuels buildup and the associated risk of wildfire,...
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Background information. The Duncan Creek restoration area is located in Iron County, Utah. This area provides important habitat for mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), and an increasing number of homes are located in the wildland-urban interface. Restoration efforts are focused on both habitat improvement and fire/fuels reduction. Restoration in this area is ongoing; this case study focuses on restoration activities that occurred primarily in 2012. During this period, restoration was accomplished on 2,080 acres of public and private lands. The project was funded by a variety of private, State, and Federal cooperators, including the Bureau of Land Management, Mule Deer Foundation, National Wild Turkey Federation, and...
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Background information.—The Pioche/Caselton Wildland-Urban Interface Project (WUI Project) was conducted by the Bureau of Land Management’s Ely District to reduce the threat of wildfire to the towns of Pioche and Caselton in southeastern Nevada. From 1980 to 2008, 149 wildfires were recorded near Pioche and Caselton and 9 of these fires each burned approximately 3,000 acres. In 2005, the Nevada Community Wildfire Risk/Hazard Assessment for Lincoln County determined that the risk of wildfire for the two towns was “extreme” (Resource Concepts, Inc., 2005). That report recommended implementing large fuels reduction treatments in order to reduce the risk of wildfire to Pioche and Caselton. In response, the Ely District...
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Background information. In the late 1800s through the early 1900s, nearly all of the area that is now the Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge (Crab Orchard NWR) was either logged for timber or cleared and converted to other uses, particularly agriculture. By the 1930s, soils in the area were depleted and severely eroded. Additional clearing and development ensued with the establishment of the Illinois Ordnance Plant during World War II. In 2014, as part of the effort to restore Crab Orchard NWR lands to benefit wildlife, the refuge undertook the Hampton native prairie restoration project to convert a 62-acre nonnative cool-season hay field into a native warm-season grassland. The primary benefit of this restoration...
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The 24-acre Jaite Paper Mill site is located on a natural floodplain at the confluence of the Cuyahoga River and Brandywine Creek at Brecksville, Ohio. The Mill Site is immediately adjacent to the popular Ohio and Erie Canal Towpath Trail. Originally constructed in 1905, the Mill was operated continuously until 1984, by which time the size of the plant had grown to 180,000 square feet. In 1985, the Mill became part of the Cuyahoga Valley National Park. Fire in October 1992 severely damaged a large part of the plant. After this fire, the plant began deteriorating rapidly and became increasingly dangerous to park staff and visitors. The demolition and removal of the Mill was intended to eliminate a human health and...
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The Kanab Creek Project Area encompasses 130,000 acres in southern Utah. This project area receives National attention because it is home to the Paunsagunt mule deer herd which are prized by trophy hunters, and because it supports the southernmost population of greater sage grouse within the western United States. One of the focuses of this project area has been to conduct treatments that cross jurisdictional boundaries, by working closely with private landowners, Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) and Utah’s Watershed Restoration Initiative, to provide landscape-level benefits for sage grouse. Telemetry data show that sage grouse are actively using older treatment areas, and newer treatments will expand...
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The Agassiz Beach Ridges landscape is located in the Red River watershed of northwestern Minnesota and falls and is within the larger Prairie Pothole Region (PPR). The PPR has been identified as being responsible for producing 50–80 percent of the continent’s waterfowl while accounting for only 10% of the available breeding habitat. It is estimated that less than 1% of Minnesota’s historic native prairie remains intact, with much of the remnant prairie scattered about in small clusters. Restoration of key sites within this landscape has been identified as the most important strategy to create a contiguous expanse of prairie/wetland mosaic and improve the ecological functioning of these systems. In the fall of...
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Background information. Characterized by a vast landscape dotted with sagebrush and juniper-clad foothills, the area surrounding the Bureau of Land Management’s (BLM’s) Burley Field Office in Idaho is home to a variety of species, such as the greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus), mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), antelope (Antilocapra americana), bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis), and pygmy rabbit (Brachylagus idahoensis). Many of these species depend on the sagebrush steppe ecosystem that was historically present in this region. Starting in the late 1800s with the Euroamerican settlement of the west, this sagebrush steppe ecosystem has been rapidly changing into woodlands dominated by Utah juniper (Juniperus...
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Background information.— Noxious and invasive weeds can destroy wildlife habitat, reduce opportunities for recreational activities, decrease plant and animal diversity, and cause loss of productivity for private landowners. The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Ely Field Office was awarded funding for the Steptoe Valley Weed Inventory, Education, and Treatment Project through the Southern Nevada Public Lands Management Act, which allows the U.S. Department of the Interior to utilize revenue from the sale of Federal land in Nevada for restoration projects. The objective of this project was to assist the Steptoe Valley Cooperative Weed Management Area in conducting a noxious weed inventory and providing treatment, education,...
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Migrating shorebirds and waterfowl are so dependent on the food supply and stopover estuary habitat in the lower Coquille River that Congress established Bandon Marsh National Wildlife Refuge (OR) in 1983. Through congressionally approved expansion, acquisition, and donation, the Refuge now encompasses 889 acres and is composed of two units: Bandon Marsh and Ni-les'tun (named by the Coquille Tribe and pronounced NYE-les-ton, which means People by the small fish dam). Historically, Ni-les’tun was a diverse tidal wetland like Bandon Marsh but was diked and drained for agricultural purposes beginning in the mid to late 1800s. Restoring 418 acres of the tidal marsh has required FWS and its many partners to collaborate...
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Background information. The South Beaver area encompasses 145,000 acres in Beaver County in southern Utah and contains public, State, and private lands. The area is crucial mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) winter habitat, and it contains important elk (Cervus elaphus) habitat and occupied sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) habitat (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2013). Nearby population growth and the construction of Interstate 15 have increased the importance of this area for wildlife, but the encroachment of pinyon and juniper have nearly eliminated any possible use of this area by sage-grouse and greatly reduced the amount of sagebrush and other forage available for deer and elk. Restoration in this area...


    map background search result map search result map Zuni Mountains Forest Restoration Project Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge NRDAR Prairie Restoration Color Country South Canyon Restoration Color Country Duncan Creek Restoration Color Country South Beaver Restoration Color Country Upper Kanab Creek Restoration Southern NV Public Land Management Act Steptoe Valley Weed Inventory, Education, and Treatment Southern NV Public Land Management Act Pioche/Caselton Wildland Urban Interface Project Burley Landscape Sage Grouse Habitat Restoration Post-Wildfire Restoration in Southeast Oregon - Miller Homestead Fire Post-Wildfire Restoration in Southeast Oregon - Long Draw Fire Jaite Paper Mill Demolition Glacial Ridge Prairie and Wetland Restoration Ni-les'tun Tidal Marsh Restoration Jaite Paper Mill Demolition Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge NRDAR Prairie Restoration Color Country South Canyon Restoration Color Country Duncan Creek Restoration Color Country South Beaver Restoration Color Country Upper Kanab Creek Restoration Zuni Mountains Forest Restoration Project Post-Wildfire Restoration in Southeast Oregon - Miller Homestead Fire Post-Wildfire Restoration in Southeast Oregon - Long Draw Fire Ni-les'tun Tidal Marsh Restoration Southern NV Public Land Management Act Steptoe Valley Weed Inventory, Education, and Treatment Southern NV Public Land Management Act Pioche/Caselton Wildland Urban Interface Project Burley Landscape Sage Grouse Habitat Restoration Glacial Ridge Prairie and Wetland Restoration