Skip to main content
Advanced Search

Filters: Tags: Tsunami (X)

23 results (457ms)   

View Results as: JSON ATOM CSV
thumbnail
Staff from Alaska Earthquake Center, Geophysical Institute and Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys evaluated potential tsunami hazards for the city of Sand Point, on Popof Island in the Shumagin Islands archipelago. We numerically modeled the extent of inundation from tsunami waves generated by local and distant earthquake sources. We considered the results in light of historical observations. The worst-case scenarios are defined by analyzing results of the sensitivity study of the tsunami dynamics with respect to different slip distributions along the Aleutian megathrust. For the Sand Point area, the worst-case scenarios are thought to be thrust earthquakes in the Shumagin Islands region with magnitudes...
thumbnail
Potential tsunami hazards for the Fox Islands communities of Unalaska/Dutch Harbor and Akutan were evaluated by numerically modeling the extent of inundation from tsunami waves generated by hypothetical earthquake sources and taking into account historical observations. Worst-case hypothetical scenarios are defined by analyzing results of a sensitivity study of the tsunami dynamics related to various slip distributions along the Aleutian megathrust. The worst-case scenarios for Unalaska and Akutan are thought to be thrust earthquakes in the Fox Islands region with magnitudes ranging from Mw 8.8 to Mw 9.1 that have their greatest slip at 30-40 km (18-25 mi) depth. We also consider Tohoku-type ruptures and an outer-rise...
thumbnail
The purpose of this study is to evaluate tsunami hazard for the community of Seward and northern Resurrection Bay area, Alaska. This report will provide guidance to local emergency managers in tsunami hazard assessment. We used a numerical modeling method to estimate the extent of inundation by tsunami waves generated from earthquake and landslide sources. Our tsunami scenarios included a repeat of the tsunami of the 1964 Great Alaska Earthquake, as well as tsunami waves generated by two hypothetical Yakataga Gap earthquakes in northeastern Gulf of Alaska, hypothetical earthquakes in Prince William Sound and Kodiak asperities of the 1964 rupture, and local underwater landslides in Resurrection Bay. Results of numerical...
thumbnail
Subaerial landslides at the head of Barry Arm Fjord in southern Alaska could generate tsunamis (if they rapidly failed into the Fjord) and are therefore a potential threat to people, marine interests, and infrastructure throughout the Prince William Sound region. Knowledge of ongoing landslide movement is essential to understanding the threat posed by the landslides. Because of the landslides' remote location, field-based ground monitoring is challenging. Alternatively, periodic acquisition and interferometric processing of satellite-based synthetic aperture radar data provide an accurate means to remotely monitor landslide movement. Interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) uses two Synthetic Aperture...
thumbnail
Between 27 and 11 kyr ago, during the last major (Naptowne) glaciation, the northwestern and western Kenai Peninsula and the Cook Inlet trough were covered by ice except for local nunataks and small refugia, like the Caribou Hills. Landforms related to four glacial stades are recognized and paleogeographic maps document ice limits, drainage systems, glacial-impounded lakes, and glaciomarine terraces. Numerous multidisciplinary studies of glacial, vegetation, and insect histories document Holocene climatic changes.
thumbnail
In May 2014 the Geophysical Institute at the University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF) developed integrated bathymetric‐topographic digital elevation models (DEMs) of Skagway and Haines, Alaska, for the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program (NTHMP). The DEMs are designed to fit within a nested hierarchy of similar DEMs of larger spatial extent but coarser resolution. The gridded DEMs will be used to support modeling of tsunami generation, propagation, and inundation. This report describes the various source datasets, data processing tasks and techniques, the surface interpolation, and quality assessment of the seamless 8/15-arc‐second (~15 m) bathymetric-topographic DEMs. The data files are provided as ASCII...
thumbnail
Potential tsunami hazard for the Umnak Island community of Nikolski is evaluated by numerically modeling the extent of inundation from tsunami waves generated by hypothetical earthquake sources. Worst-case hypothetical scenarios are defined by analyzing results of a sensitivity study of the tsunami dynamics related to various slip distributions along the Aleutian megathrust. The worst-case scenarios for Nikolski are thought to be thrust earthquakes in the Umnak Island region with their greatest slip at 10-30 km (6.2-19 mi) depth. We also consider Tohoku-type ruptures and an outer-rise rupture in the area of Umnak Island. The maximum predicted water depth on Main Street is about 15 m (49 ft), while the maximum current...
thumbnail
In this report, we evaluate potential tsunami hazards for southeastern Alaska communities of Elfin Cove, Gustavus, and Hoonah and numerically model the extent of inundation from tsunami waves generated by tectonic and landslide sources. We perform numerical modeling of historic tsunami events, such as the tsunami triggered by the 1964 Great Alaska Earthquake, and the tsunami waves generated by the recent 2011 Tohoku and 2012 Haida Gwaii earthquakes. Hypothetical tsunami scenarios include variations of the extended 1964 rupture, megathrust earthquakes in the Prince William Sound and Alaska Peninsula regions, and a Cascadia megathrust earthquake. Local underwater landslide events in Taylor Bay and Port Frederick,...
thumbnail
We evaluate potential tsunami hazards for the city of Valdez and numerically model the extent of inundation from tsunamis generated by earthquake and landslide sources. Tsunami scenarios include a repeat of the tsunami triggered by the 1964 Great Alaska Earthquake, as well as hypothetical tsunamis generated by an extended 1964 rupture, a Cascadia megathrust earthquake, and earthquakes from the Prince William Sound and Kodiak asperities of the 1964 rupture. Local underwater landslide events in Port Valdez are also considered as credible tsunamigenic scenarios. Results of numerical modeling are verified by simulating the tectonic and landslide-generated tsunamis in Port Valdez observed during the 1964 earthquake....
thumbnail
In this report we evaluate potential tsunami hazards for the southeastern Alaska community of Yakutat and numerically model the extent of inundation from tsunami waves generated by tectonic and landslide sources. We use numerical modeling of historical tsunami events at Yakutat, such as the tsunami triggered by the 1964 Great Alaska Earthquake, and the tsunami waves generated by the recent 2011 Tohoku earthquake, to verify the tsunami model. Potential hypothetical tsunami sources include variations of the extended 1964 rupture, megathrust earthquakes in the Prince William Sound and Alaska Peninsula regions, and earthquakes in the Yakataga-Yakutat area, including the historical September 10, 1899, earthquake. Local...
thumbnail
In this report, we evaluate potential tsunami hazards for the southeastern Alaska community of Juneau and numerically model the extent of inundation from tsunami waves generated by tectonic and submarine landslide sources. We calibrate our tsunami model by numerically simulating the 2011 Tohoku tsunami at Juneau and comparing our results to instrument records. Analysis of calculated and observed water level dynamics for the 2011 event in Juneau reveals that the model underestimates the observed wave heights in the city by a factor of two, likely due to complex tsunami-tide interactions. We compensate for this numerical underestimation by doubling the coseismic slip of the hypothetical tsunami sources in our models....
thumbnail
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a potential tsunami risk for communities of Homer and Seldovia in the Kachemak Bay area, Alaska. This report provides guidance to the local emergency managers in tsunami hazard assessment. We used a numerical modeling method to estimate the extent of inundation due to tsunami waves generated by earthquake sources. Our tsunami scenarios included a repeat of the tsunami of the 1964 great Alaska earthquake, as well as a hypothetical tsunami wave generated by a local fault source. We didn't consider landslide-generated tsunamis in this study. Results of numerical modeling combined with historical observations in the region are intended to help local emergency services officials...
thumbnail
Potential tsunami hazards for the community of Chenega Bay, located on Evans Island between Sawmill and Crab bays, were evaluated by numerically modeling the extent of inundation from tsunami waves generated by earthquakes. Tsunami scenarios include a repeat of the tsunami triggered by the 1964 Great Alaska Earthquake, as well as tsunamis generated by a hypothetically extended 1964 rupture, a hypothetical Cascadia megathrust earthquake, a hypothetical earthquake in the Kodiak asperity of the 1964 rupture, and a hypothetical Tohoku-type rupture in the Gulf of Alaska region. Results of numerical modeling are verified by simulations of the tectonic tsunami observed in Chenega Cove during the 1964 earthquake. The results...
thumbnail
Mass-wasting events that displace water, whether they initiate from underwater sources (submarine landslides) or subaerial sources (subaerial-to-submarine landslides), have the potential to cause tsunami waves that can pose a significant threat to human life and infrastructure in coastal areas (for example towns, cruise ships, bridges, oil platforms, and communication lines). Sheltered inlets and narrow bays can be locations of especially high risk as they often have higher human populations, and the effects of water displacement from moving sediment can be amplified as compared to the effects from similarly sized mass movements in open water. In landscapes undergoing deglaciation, such as the fjords and mountain...
thumbnail
The purpose of this study is to evaluate potential tsunami hazards for the community of Sitka. We numerically modeled the extent of inundation from tsunami waves generated by near- and far-field tectonic sources. We performed numerical modeling of historic events at Sitka, such as the tsunami triggered by the 1964 Great Alaska Earthquake, and the tsunami waves generated by the recent 2011 Tohoku and 2012 Haida Gwaii earthquakes. Hypothetical tsunami scenarios include variations of the extended 1964 rupture, megathrust earthquakes in the Alaska Peninsula region and in the Cascadia subduction zone, and a thrust earthquake in the region of the Queen Charlotte-Fairweather fault zone. Results of numerical modeling combined...
thumbnail
Potential tsunami hazards for the Alaska Peninsula communities of King Cove and Cold Bay were evaluated by numerically modeling the extent of inundation from tsunami waves generated by hypothetical earthquake sources and taking into account historical observations. Worst-case hypothetical scenarios are defined by analyzing the tsunami dynamics related to various slip distributions along the Aleutian megathrust. Our results show that the worst-case scenarios for King Cove and Cold Bay are thrust earthquakes in the western Alaska Peninsula region, with magnitudes ranging from Mw 8.9 to Mw 9.3, which have their greatest slip at 10-20 km (6-12 mi) depth. We also consider Tohoku-type ruptures and an outer-rise rupture...
thumbnail
The purpose of this study is to evaluate potential tsunami hazards for the community of Whittier and western Passage Canal area. We numerically model the extent of inundation due to tsunami waves generated from earthquake and landslide sources. Tsunami scenarios include a repeat of the tsunami triggered by the 1964 Great Alaska Earthquake, as well as tsunami waves generated by a hypothetically extended 1964 rupture, a hypothetical Cascadia megathrust earthquake, hypothetical earthquakes in Prince William Sound, and Kodiak asperities of the 1964 rupture. Local underwater landslide and rockslide events in Passage Canal are also considered as credible tsunamigenic scenarios. Results of numerical modeling combined with...
thumbnail
Staff from Alaska Earthquake Center, Geophysical Institute and Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys evaluated potential potential tsunami hazard for the communities of Kodiak, Womens Bay, and for the U.S. Coast Guard base on Kodiak Island by numerically modeling the extent of inundation from tsunami waves generated by hypothetical earthquake sources. Worst-case hypothetical scenarios are defined by analyzing results of a sensitivity study of the tsunami dynamics related to various slip distributions along the Alaska-Aleutian megathrust. The worst-case scenarios for the Kodiak communities are thought to be the subduction zone earthquakes offshore Kodiak Island with their greatest slip at 5-35 km (3.1-22...
thumbnail
These datasets supports the conclusions in the journal article entitled "Variations in community evacuation potential related to average return periods in probabilistic tsunami hazard analysis" as described in the abstract below: Tsunami risk management requires strategies that can address multiple sources with different recurrence intervals, wave-arrival times, and inundation extents. Probabilistic tsunami hazard analysis (PTHA) provides a structured way to integrate multiple sources, including the uncertainties due to the natural variability and limited knowledge of sources. PTHA-based products relate to specific average return periods (ARP) and while there has been considerable attention paid to ARP choice for...


map background search result map search result map A Guide to the Late Quaternary History of Northern and Western Kenai Peninsula, Alaska Digital elevation model of Sitka Harbor and the city of Sitka, Alaska: Procedures, data sources, and quality assessment Digital elevation models of Skagway and Haines, Alaska: Procedures, data sources, and quality assessment Tsunami hazard maps of the Homer and Seldovia areas, Alaska Tsunami inundation maps of Seward and northern Resurrection Bay, Alaska Tsunami inundation maps of Whittier and western Passage Canal, Alaska Tsunami inundation maps of Port Valdez, Alaska Tsunami inundation maps of Sitka, Alaska Tsunami inundation maps of the villages of Chenega Bay and northern Sawmill Bay, Alaska Tsunami inundation maps of Elfin Cove, Gustavus, and Hoonah, Alaska Tsunami inundation maps of Fox Islands communities, including Dutch Harbor and Akutan, Alaska Tsunami inundation maps for King Cove and Cold Bay communities, Alaska Tsunami inundation maps for Yakutat, Alaska Tsunami inundation map for the village of Nikolski, Alaska Tsunami inundation maps for the city of Sand Point, Alaska Updated tsunami inundation maps of the Kodiak area, Alaska Tsunami inundation maps for Juneau, Alaska Pedestrian tsunami evacuation results for three California probabilistic tsunami hazard zones and four travel speeds (shapefiles) and impaired walk travel times for all zones by parcel land-use and flow depth class (tables) Inventory map of submarine and subaerial-to-submarine landslides in Glacier Bay, Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska Interferometric synthetic aperture radar data from 2020 for landslides at Barry Arm Fjord, Alaska Tsunami inundation maps of Whittier and western Passage Canal, Alaska Interferometric synthetic aperture radar data from 2020 for landslides at Barry Arm Fjord, Alaska Tsunami inundation maps for the city of Sand Point, Alaska Tsunami inundation maps of Seward and northern Resurrection Bay, Alaska Tsunami inundation maps of the villages of Chenega Bay and northern Sawmill Bay, Alaska Tsunami inundation map for the village of Nikolski, Alaska Tsunami inundation maps of Sitka, Alaska Digital elevation model of Sitka Harbor and the city of Sitka, Alaska: Procedures, data sources, and quality assessment Tsunami inundation maps for Yakutat, Alaska Digital elevation models of Skagway and Haines, Alaska: Procedures, data sources, and quality assessment Updated tsunami inundation maps of the Kodiak area, Alaska Tsunami hazard maps of the Homer and Seldovia areas, Alaska Tsunami inundation maps for King Cove and Cold Bay communities, Alaska Tsunami inundation maps of Fox Islands communities, including Dutch Harbor and Akutan, Alaska Tsunami inundation maps of Elfin Cove, Gustavus, and Hoonah, Alaska Tsunami inundation maps for Juneau, Alaska Inventory map of submarine and subaerial-to-submarine landslides in Glacier Bay, Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska A Guide to the Late Quaternary History of Northern and Western Kenai Peninsula, Alaska Pedestrian tsunami evacuation results for three California probabilistic tsunami hazard zones and four travel speeds (shapefiles) and impaired walk travel times for all zones by parcel land-use and flow depth class (tables)