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This map illustrates extents and types of unconsolidated deposits and bedrock in the Big Delta A-4 Quadrangle, Alaska. This map is based on field observations begun by P�w� in 1949 and by Reger in 1976. Unit characteristics and extents were determined during field visits and by interpreting 1:40,000-scale black-and-white aerial photographs taken in August 1949 and 1:63,360-scale, false-color infrared aerial photographs taken in July 1978, August 1980, and August 1981.
Core Research Center, cutting DZ02106, from well operated by T J MCLARTY & S D JOHNSON ET ALRaw Properties from download, web scrape, MapServer, and Macrostrat API{"Lib Num": "DZ02106", "API Num": "0505905005", "Operator": "T J MCLARTY & S D JOHNSON ET AL", "Well Name": "1 LILLIE PALLAORO", "Field": null, "State": "CO", "County": "JEFFERSON", "Thin Sec": "F", "Analysis": "T", "Latitude": "39.63622", "Longitude": "-105.16022", "coordinates_geohash": "9xj1rp89tqbt", "Source": "FROM STATE RECORDS", "Min": "560", "Max": "9653", "Security Flag": null, "crc_collection_name": "cutting", "sb_parent_id": "4f4e49d8e4b07f02db5df2d2", "intervals": [{"Formation": null, "Age": null, "Min Depth": null, "Max Depth": null}], "crcwc_url":...
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Between 27 and 11 kyr ago, during the last major (Naptowne) glaciation, the northwestern and western Kenai Peninsula and the Cook Inlet trough were covered by ice except for local nunataks and small refugia, like the Caribou Hills. Landforms related to four glacial stades are recognized and paleogeographic maps document ice limits, drainage systems, glacial-impounded lakes, and glaciomarine terraces. Numerous multidisciplinary studies of glacial, vegetation, and insect histories document Holocene climatic changes.
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An intrusion into Kīlauea’s upper East Rift Zone during June 17–19, 2007, during the 1983–2018 Pu‘u‘ō‘ō eruption, led to widespread ground cracking and a small (~1,525 m3) eruption on the northeast flank of the Kānenuiohamo cone, about 6 km upslope from the Pu‘u‘ō‘ō vent. Transmitted and induced very-low-frequency (VLF) magnetic fields were measured with a handheld VLF receiver along transects spanning the dike trace, and zones of ground cracking related to the intrusion were mapped. This dataset records the density and vesicularity of selected lava and tephra samples collected from the June 2007 Father's Day eruption site. The density of the basalt erupted was determined by measuring the weight of spatter and lava...
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Kasatochi is a small, isolated island volcano in the center of the Aleutian Island chain. It consists of a roughly circular cone approximately 3 km in diameter with a lake-filled central crater that is 1.2 km in diameter and extends from the highest point on the island to sea level. The oldest unit recognized is a thick series of mid-Pleistocene glaciovolcanic deposits consisting of autobrecciated lava, lahars, and volumetrically minor lava masses that we believe to have been emplaced underneath a regional ice cap. This unit is unconformably overlain by several massive Holocene lavas, above which lies a thick sequence of latest-Holocene pyroclastic deposits likely deposited during the crater-forming eruption. The...
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Okmok volcano, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, explosively erupted over a five-week period between July 12 and August 23, 2008. The eruption was predominantly phreatomagmatic, producing fine-grained tephra that covered most of northeastern Umnak Island. The eruption had a maximum Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) of 4, with eruption column heights up to 16 km during the opening phase. Several craters and a master tuff cone formed in the caldera as a result of phreatomagmatic explosions and accumulated tephra-fall and surge deposits. Ascending magma continuously interacted with an extensive shallow groundwater table in the caldera, resulting in the phreatomagmatic character of the eruption. Syneruptive explosion and collapse...
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A total of 100 samples were collected from two proximal sections of Keanakākoʻi, Tephra unit D deposits. Samples were analyzed on Microtrac CAMSIZER® P4 and X2 instruments for grain size and shape data in the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) tephra lab. Data release includes sample descriptions, half phi grain size distributions, and statistical output from DECOLOG deconvolution modeling of grain size distributions. Grain size is reported using the sieve compatible Xcmin parameter (CAMSIZER® manual, 2020). Data of 2D shape parameter means of sphericity, Krumbein roundness and compactness of samples as well as for half phi grain size bins at 4, 3, 2, 1, 0, and -1 phi are also included. Please refer to associated...
This publication contains previously unpublished geochemical analyses or re-analyses of lavas, magmatic inclusions, and a few gabbroic cumulate inclusions from Alaska volcanoes (Akutan, Augustine, Buzzard Creek, Dana, Douglas, Fourpeaked, Frosty, Great Sitkin, Iliamna, Kaguyak, Kiska, Okmok, Prindle Cone, Recheshnoi, Redoubt, Spurr, Ukinrek Maars, Vsevidof, Westdahl, Wrangell) collected by the authors and others over the past 35 years. It provides substantial data sets for three volcanoes (Vsevidof, Westdahl, and Douglas) for which little or no published data exist. All analyses were made by the GeoAnalytical laboratory at Washington State University in Pullman, WA. The ICP/MS data have been reduced using the 2006...
Tags: Adagdak, Adak, Akutan, Analyses, Analyses and Sampling, All tags...
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This collection is composed of whole-rock and EPMA tephra glass averages geochemical analyses of rocks from Alaskan volcanoes. Most of the data is from published papers, and some of it is unpublished data from AVO. It is contain analyses for approximately 13,000 samples. Nearly all of the collection is stored in a relational database; the collection is published and searchable at https://avo.alaska.edu/geochem/
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This dataset includes wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence (WD-XRF) major-oxide and trace-element whole-rock analyses, laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) trace-element whole-rock analyses, and glass analyses by electron microprobe of scoria and lava samples from the Kamakaiʻa Hills of the Southwest Rift Zone of Kīlauea volcano, Island of Hawaiʻi. Whole-rock chemical analyses were performed at the Hamilton Analytical Laboratory at Hamilton College in Clinton, New York, USA, whereas glass chemical analyses were performed at the U.S. Geological Survey in Menlo Park, California, USA.
The Halfway House site in interior Alaska is arguably the most studied loess deposit in northwestern North America. The site contains a complex paleomagnetic and paleoenvironmental record, but has lacked the robust chronologic control that would allow its full potential to be exploited. Detailed reexamination of stratigraphy, paleomagnetics and tephrostratigraphy reveals a relatively complete marine isotope stage (MIS) 6 to Holocene record constrained by the Old Crow (124 ± 10 ka), VT (106 ± 10 ka), Sheep Creek-Klondike (ca. 80 ka), Dominion Creek (77 ± 8 ka) and Dawson (ca. 30.2 cal ka BP) tephras. We show two well-developed paleosols formed during Marine Isotope Stages (MIS) 5e and 5a, while MIS 5c and 5b are...
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The 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption of Kilauea Volcano began in the late afternoon of 3 May, with fissure 1 opening and erupting lava onto Mohala Street in the Leilani Estates subdivision, part of the lower Puna District of the Island of Hawai'i. For the first week of the eruption, relatively viscous lava flowed only within a kilometer (0.6 miles) of the fissures within Leilani Estates, before activity shifted downrift (east-northeast) and out of the subdivision during mid-May. Around 18 May, activity along the lower East Rift Zone intensified, and fluid lava erupting at higher effusion rates from the downrift fissures reached the ocean within two days. Near the end of May, this more vigorous activity shifted...
Categories: Data; Types: Downloadable, Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, Shapefile; Tags: East Rift Zone, Fissure08TephraPolys, Green Lake, Hawai'i, Hawaii, All tags...
Core Research Center, cutting DZ18021, from well operated by TETON ENERGYRaw Properties from download, web scrape, MapServer, and Macrostrat API{"Lib Num": "DZ18021", "API Num": "0501306040", "Operator": "TETON ENERGY", "Well Name": "26-1 SUPERIOR ASSOCIATES", "Field": null, "State": "CO", "County": "BOULDER", "Thin Sec": "F", "Analysis": "F", "Latitude": "39.943068", "Longitude": "-105.187031", "coordinates_geohash": "9xj5nrmjhx8c", "Source": "FROM STATE RECORDS", "Min": "880", "Max": "9292", "Security Flag": null, "crc_collection_name": "cutting", "sb_parent_id": "4f4e49d8e4b07f02db5df2d2", "intervals": [{"Formation": null, "Age": null, "Min Depth": null, "Max Depth": null}], "crcwc_url": "https://my.usgs.gov/crcwc/cutting/report/41493",...
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Visible/near-infrared (VNIR) and mid-infrared (MIR) spectral library composed of twenty natural tephra samples from ten volcanic sources that span a range of compositions and components. The bulk, glass, and mineral phase compositions of each sample have been measured and VNIR and MIR spectra from four size fractions of each sample were collected. The VNIR spectral library has been expanded (ed. 2) to twenty-two samples.
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This data release accompanies the publication below, and contains the data used in that publication. Mastin, L.G., Van Eaton, Alexa R., and Cronin, Shane, in press, Did steam boost the height and growth rate of the giant Hunga eruption plume? Bulletin of Volcanology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00445-024-01749-1 Within this data release are two zip files: --Supplementary_tables.zip contains the supplementary tables that are published in the paper above. --Supplement_S1_Ash3d_output.zip contains model output presented in Supplement S1 of that paper Each zip file contains a readme.txt file explaining the contents
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The 2009 eruption of Redoubt Volcano included 19 major tephra-producing explosions. Mass per unit area (MPUA) ash fall sampling of the resulting deposits allowed us to create isomass contours of the ash fall. This dataset contains the vector digital shapefiles of the ash fall contours for the explosive events. In addition, a point digital shapefile is included that describes more than 400 ash fall samples that were collected. For a detailed account of the 2009 eruption of Redoubt Volcano, see Schaefer, J.R., ed., 2012, The 2009 eruption of Redoubt Volcano, Alaska, with contributions by Bull, Katharine, Cameron, Cheryl, Coombs, Michelle, Diefenbach, Angie, Lopez, Taryn, McNutt, Steve, Neal, Christina, Payne, Allison,...
Core Research Center, core R325, from well operated by USGSRaw Properties from download, web scrape, MapServer, and Macrostrat API{"Lib Num": "R325", "API Num": null, "Operator": "USGS", "Well Name": "2 NEWBERRY", "Field": "NEWBERRY VOLCANO", "State": "OR", "County": "DESCHUTES", "Type": "FULL", "Photos": "F", "Thin Sec": "F", "Analysis": "T", "Latitude": "43.708", "Longitude": "-121.225", "coordinates_geohash": "9rcb9ky9sc8r", "Source": "FROM PUBLICATION", "Security Flag": "NO SPECIAL RESTRICTIONS", "crc_collection_name": "core", "sb_parent_id": "4f4e49dae4b07f02db5e0486", "intervals": [{"Formation": "VOLCANICS", "Age": "UNKN", "Min Depth": "1022", "Max Depth": "3046"}], "crcwc_url": "https://my.usgs.gov/crcwc/core/report/12594",...
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Mount Chiginagak is a hydrothermally active volcano on the Alaska Peninsula, approximately 170 km south-southwest of King Salmon, Alaska. This small stratovolcano, approximately 8 km in diameter, has erupted through Tertiary to Permian sedimentary and igneous rocks. The eruptive products of Chiginagak volcano record a history of chiefly andesite lava flows and associated block-and-ash flows. The oldest lavas exposed are Pleistocene in age and are found everywhere around the edifice except in the northeast sector, where Holocene lava flows dominate the landscape. Holocene activity has covered the northeast flank with rubbly-topped andesite lava flows that extend as far as 4.6 km from their source vent at the summit...
The Halfway House site in interior Alaska is arguably the most studied loess deposit in northwestern North America. The site contains a complex paleomagnetic and paleoenvironmental record, but has lacked the robust chronologic control that would allow its full potential to be exploited. Detailed reexamination of stratigraphy, paleomagnetics and tephrostratigraphy reveals a relatively complete marine isotope stage (MIS) 6 to Holocene record constrained by the Old Crow (124 ± 10 ka), VT (106 ± 10 ka), Sheep Creek-Klondike (ca. 80 ka), Dominion Creek (77 ± 8 ka) and Dawson (ca. 30.2 cal ka BP) tephras. We show two well-developed paleosols formed during Marine Isotope Stages (MIS) 5e and 5a, while MIS 5c and 5b are...
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At 11:21 p.m. (Hawaii Standard Time [HST]) on November 27, 2022, Mauna Loa volcano on the Island of Hawaiʻi started erupting from fissures at its summit caldera, Mokuʻāweoweo. This was followed shortly afterwards by the opening of a segment of fissures in the direction of the Southwest Rift Zone. These were mostly within the structural boundary of the caldera, so their location is denoted as ‘South Caldera,’ with the exception of a short fissure that extended into the uppermost Southwest Rift Zone. By November 28, activity had shifted to four fissures that opened in the upper Northeast Rift Zone (Lynn and others, 2023). By December 2, eruptive activity was focused from Northeast Rift Zone fissure 3A supplying lava...


map background search result map search result map Collection of geochemical data from Alaska (AVO) A Guide to the Late Quaternary History of Northern and Western Kenai Peninsula, Alaska Ash fall contour map of the 2009 eruption of Redoubt Volcano, Alaska: Digital shapefiles of contours and sample locations Geology of Kasatochi volcano, Aleutian Islands, Alaska Geologic map of the Big Delta A-4 Quadrangle, Alaska The 2008 phreatomagmatic eruption of Okmok Volcano, Aleutian Islands, Alaska: Chronology, deposits, and landform changes Geologic map of Mount Chiginagak volcano, Alaska Core Research Center Core R325 Core Research Center Cutting DZ02106 Core Research Center Cutting DZ18021 Kilauea 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption - fissure 08 tephra polygons Terrestrial Tephra Spectral Library for the Visible-Near-Infrared and Mid-Infrared Spectral Regions (ver. 1.1, April 2024) Sample details and near-real-time ED-XRF, grain size, and grain shape data collected during the November – December 2022 eruption of Mauna Loa volcano, Island of Hawaiʻi Major- and trace-element chemical analyses of whole-rock and glass from the Kamakaiʻa Hills of the Southwest Rift Zone of Kīlauea volcano, Hawaiʻi Keanakākoʻi Tephra unit D, Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaii: sample details, grain size, and grain shape data for 100 tephra samples Appendix C - Density and vesicularity data for selected lava and tephra samples from the June 2007 Father's Day eruption site, Kīlauea Volcano Geology of Kasatochi volcano, Aleutian Islands, Alaska Appendix C - Density and vesicularity data for selected lava and tephra samples from the June 2007 Father's Day eruption site, Kīlauea Volcano Major- and trace-element chemical analyses of whole-rock and glass from the Kamakaiʻa Hills of the Southwest Rift Zone of Kīlauea volcano, Hawaiʻi Keanakākoʻi Tephra unit D, Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaii: sample details, grain size, and grain shape data for 100 tephra samples Kilauea 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption - fissure 08 tephra polygons Geologic map of Mount Chiginagak volcano, Alaska Sample details and near-real-time ED-XRF, grain size, and grain shape data collected during the November – December 2022 eruption of Mauna Loa volcano, Island of Hawaiʻi Geologic map of the Big Delta A-4 Quadrangle, Alaska The 2008 phreatomagmatic eruption of Okmok Volcano, Aleutian Islands, Alaska: Chronology, deposits, and landform changes A Guide to the Late Quaternary History of Northern and Western Kenai Peninsula, Alaska Ash fall contour map of the 2009 eruption of Redoubt Volcano, Alaska: Digital shapefiles of contours and sample locations Collection of geochemical data from Alaska (AVO) Terrestrial Tephra Spectral Library for the Visible-Near-Infrared and Mid-Infrared Spectral Regions (ver. 1.1, April 2024)