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The NRP had its beginnings in the late 1950's. Since that time, the program has grown to encompass a broad spectrum of scientific investigations. The sciences of hydrology, mathematics, chemistry, physics, ecology, biology, geology, and engineering are used to gain a fundamental understanding of the processes that affect the availability, movement, and quality of the Nation's water resources. Results of NRP's long-term research investigations often lead to the development of new concepts, techniques, and approaches that are applicable not only to the solution of current water problems, but also to future issues that may affect the Nation's water resources. Basic tools of hydrology that have been developed by the...
Categories: Project; Types: ScienceBase Project; Tags: Acid Mine Drainage, Aquatic Habitat, Arid Land Hydrology, Carbon Cycle, Contaminant Reactions and Transport, All tags...
My research focuses on the application of remote sensing to rivers as a means of more efficiently characterizing fluvial systems, primarily channel form and behavior. More specifically, I develop, test, and apply methods of measuring various river attributes, such as depth, streambed composition, turbidity, and flow velocity, from different types of remotely sensed data, including multi- and hyperspectral images and near-infrared and green LiDAR. These techniques provide higher resolution, essentially continuous data over larger spatial extents than could be surveyed via conventional field methods and thus could facilitate river research and management. My research involves a combination of numerical radiative...
To provide useful tools in river hydraulics, sediment transport, and geomorphology that: can be used to predict the impacts of man’s activities in rivers, canals, and reservoirs; can forecast the natural evolution of fluvial courses of water; provide analytic and computational platforms to study hypothesis; and enhance our understanding of fluvial morphodynamics.
Project research is focused on two general objectives: first, to better understand the basic physics of coupled flow and sediment transport in geophysical flows; second, to develop practical tools based on that understanding that can be used in a predictive manner to aid in the management of the Nation’s rivers. Within the context of this overarching pair of long-term goals, the project has a number of specific shorter-term objectives, some of which are research oriented, and others of which are related to technology transfer or consultation on specific riverine issues. Our current research objectives are as follows: 1) Develop and test physically based methods for predicting the initiation, development, and response...
All stream or river-channel flows are time variant, or unsteady, in a different degree; steady flow is but an exception rather than the rule. These flows usually exist in different states, such as sub-critical, super-critical, and trans-critical flows. Alternative terms for different flow conditions are often used, such as continuous or discontinuous flows, flows through hydraulic jump or through channel constriction. A river basin, the basic geometric unit of the surface-water flow configurations, generally contains river reaches, branches, tributaries, junctions, and networks. Reasonable and rational definition and determination of all-weather, river-basin, unsteady flows, letting the last three quantifiers...