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The NRP had its beginnings in the late 1950's. Since that time, the program has grown to encompass a broad spectrum of scientific investigations. The sciences of hydrology, mathematics, chemistry, physics, ecology, biology, geology, and engineering are used to gain a fundamental understanding of the processes that affect the availability, movement, and quality of the Nation's water resources. Results of NRP's long-term research investigations often lead to the development of new concepts, techniques, and approaches that are applicable not only to the solution of current water problems, but also to future issues that may affect the Nation's water resources. Basic tools of hydrology that have been developed by the...
Categories: Project; Types: ScienceBase Project; Tags: Acid Mine Drainage, Aquatic Habitat, Arid Land Hydrology, Carbon Cycle, Contaminant Reactions and Transport, All tags...
My research focuses on the application of remote sensing to rivers as a means of more efficiently characterizing fluvial systems, primarily channel form and behavior. More specifically, I develop, test, and apply methods of measuring various river attributes, such as depth, streambed composition, turbidity, and flow velocity, from different types of remotely sensed data, including multi- and hyperspectral images and near-infrared and green LiDAR. These techniques provide higher resolution, essentially continuous data over larger spatial extents than could be surveyed via conventional field methods and thus could facilitate river research and management. My research involves a combination of numerical radiative...
To provide useful tools in river hydraulics, sediment transport, and geomorphology that: can be used to predict the impacts of man’s activities in rivers, canals, and reservoirs; can forecast the natural evolution of fluvial courses of water; provide analytic and computational platforms to study hypothesis; and enhance our understanding of fluvial morphodynamics.
Predicting the outcome of flow and sediment transport events quantitatively has been difficult due to the complex nature of stream systems and the effects of woody vegetation on flow and sediment transport. Interactions between channel and floodplain flow, sediment transport, and woody vegetation have important implications for the health of riparian vegetation and as well as for contaminant transport and deposition. The goal of my research is to develop methods for the application and testing of predictive, process-based models (no empirically adjusted coefficients) that compute the flow and sediment transport from fluid mechanical theory for (1) known channel and floodplain topography and (2) measured tree and...
Project research is focused on two general objectives: first, to better understand the basic physics of coupled flow and sediment transport in geophysical flows; second, to develop practical tools based on that understanding that can be used in a predictive manner to aid in the management of the Nation’s rivers. Within the context of this overarching pair of long-term goals, the project has a number of specific shorter-term objectives, some of which are research oriented, and others of which are related to technology transfer or consultation on specific riverine issues. Our current research objectives are as follows: 1) Develop and test physically based methods for predicting the initiation, development, and response...
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HYDRoSWOT – HYDRoacoustic dataset in support of Surface Water Oceanographic Topography – is a data set that aggregates channel and flow data collected from the USGS streamgaging network and includes 200,000+ records of USGS acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) discharge measurements. The data set includes a variety of fields including: mean depth, mean velocity, discharge, stage, water-surface width, maximum depth, maximum velocity, and streamgage metadata for more than 5,000 stations in the United States. The hydraulic and channel geometry data is stored in the USGS hydroacoustic Doppler current profiler tables reported in the SiteVisit field measurement database and polled from 45 individual National Water...
This project focuses on sediment erosion and deposition processes associated with disturbed watersheds and the essential processes needed to predict evolution of river systems. The objectives are to understand: a. Spatial and temporal character of rainfall and the transformation of rainfall into runoff, which controls erosion and deposition. b. Hillslope runoff processes characterized by shallow, unsteady flow where the relative roughness causing friction can be much greater than, for example, in perennial channels with nearly steady flow. c. Geomorphic and scale effects of channel networks on the prediction of the runoff hydrographs. d. Coupling of biologic and geomorphologic processes to predict erosion and...


    map background search result map search result map USGS HYDRoacoustic dataset in support of the Surface Water Oceanographic Topography satellite mission (HYDRoSWOT) USGS HYDRoacoustic dataset in support of the Surface Water Oceanographic Topography satellite mission (HYDRoSWOT)