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This report describes the thickness and areal extent of the Sparta aquifer, identifies sands within the fresh-water extent of the aquifer, and presents data and a map that illustrate the generalized potentiometric surface (water levels) during October 1996. The report includes a detailed geophysical log, structure contour maps, hydrogeologic sections, and hydrographs of water levels in selected wells. The potentiometric surface-map can be used for determining direction of ground-water flow, hydraulic gradients, and the effects of withdrawals on the aquifer.
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The Sparta aquifer is a primary source of groundwater in north-central Louisiana with more than 60 million gallons of water per day being withdrawn in 2015, and public supply and Industry account for over 90 percent of the water-use demand from the Sparta aquifer (Collier, 2018). Concentrated withdrawals from the Sparta aquifer have caused regional water-level declines within the Sparta aquifer (McGee and Brantly, 2015). Widespread concern about the potential effects of declining water levels has brought forth many questions regarding the sustainability of the aquifer as well as continued saltwater intrusion. In cooperation with the Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development, the U.S. Geological Survey...
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This report describes the thickness and areal extent of the Sparta aquifer, identifies sands within the fresh-water extent of the aquifer, and presents data and a map that illustrate the generalized potentiometric surface (water levels) during October 1996. The report includes a detailed geophysical log, structure contour maps, hydrogeologic sections, and hydrographs of water levels in selected wells. The potentiometric surface-map can be used for determining direction of ground-water flow, hydraulic gradients, and the effects of withdrawals on the aquifer.
The Sparta aquifer is the principal source of ground water in north-central Louisiana. In 1985, the aquifer was extensively pumped for public supply (25 Mgal/d) and industrial use (29 Mgal/d and 7 Mgal/d for 1989). More than 100 public supply systems, in 8 parishes, contain water from the Sparta aquifer. Large industrial pumpage from the Sparta aquifer began in 1922 at Bastrop (Sanford, 1973a, p. 60) and in about 1923 at West Monroe. Water levels in wells in the Sparta aquifer have been declining in these arease and in other parts of north-central Louisiana since the early 1920's, when industries began withdrawing large amounts of water. However, in Morehouse Parish the water levels in wells have been recovering...
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This report describes the thickness and areal extent of the Sparta aquifer, identifies sands within the fresh-water extent of the aquifer, and presents data and a map that illustrate the generalized potentiometric surface (water levels) during October 1996. The report includes a detailed geophysical log, structure contour maps, hydrogeologic sections, and hydrographs of water levels in selected wells. The potentiometric surface-map can be used for determining direction of ground-water flow, hydraulic gradients, and the effects of withdrawals on the aquifer.
The most widely used aquifer for industry and public supply in the Mississippi embayment in Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Tennessee is the Sparta-Memphis aquifer. Decades of pumping from the Sparta-Memphis aquifer have affected ground-water levels throughout the Mississippi embayment. Regional assessments of water-level data from the aquifer are important to document regional water-level conditions and to develop a broad view of the effects of ground-water development and management on the sustainability and availability of the region's water supply. This information is useful to identify areas of water-level declines, identify cumulative areal declines that may cross State boundaries, evaluate the effectiveness...
This report describes the thickness and areal extent of the Sparta aquifer, identifies sands within the fresh-water extent of the aquifer, and presents data and a map that illustrate the generalized potentiometric surface (water levels) during October 1996. The report includes a detailed geophysical log, structure contour maps, hydrogeologic sections, and hydrographs of water levels in selected wells. The potentiometric surface-map can be used for determining direction of ground-water flow, hydraulic gradients, and the effects of withdrawals on the aquifer. Brantly, J.A., Seanor, R.C., McCoy, K.L., 2002, Hydrogeology and potentiometric surface of the Sparta aquifer in northern Louisiana, October 1996: U.S. Geological...
The Sparta aquifer is used in 15 parishes in north-central Louisiana, primarily for public supply and industrial purposes. Of those parishes, eight (Bienville, Claiborne, Jackson, Lincoln, Ouachita, Union, Webster, and Winn) rely on the Sparta aquifer as their principal source of groundwater. In 2010, withdrawals from the Sparta aquifer in Louisiana totaled 63.11 million gallons per day (Mgal/d), a reduction of more than 11 percent from 1995, when the highest rate of withdrawals (71.32 Mgal/d) from the Sparta aquifer were documented. The Sparta aquifer provides water for a variety of purposes which include public supply (34.61 Mgal/d), industrial (25.60 Mgal/d), rural domestic (1.50 Mgal/d), and various agricultural...


    map background search result map search result map Digitized Maps of the Potentiometric Surface of the Sparta Aquifer in North-Central Louisiana, 1886 to 2012 (version 1.1, April 2021) Digitized Contour from Georeferenced Plate 2012 from "Potentiometric Surface, 2012, and Water-Level Differences, 2005-2012, of the Sparta Aquifer in North-Central Louisiana" Digitized Contour from Georeferenced plate 2007 from "Potentiometric Surface in the Sparta-Memphis Aquifer of the Mississippi Embayment, Spring 2007" (Shrader, 2008; version 1.1, April 2021) Digitized Contours from Georeferenced Plate 1996 from "Louisiana Ground-Water Map No. 13: Hydrogeology and Potentiometric Surface of the Sparta Aquifer in Northern Louisiana, October 1996" Digitized Contours from Georeferenced Plate 1989 from "Louisiana ground-water map no. 3: Potentiometric surface, 1989, and water-level changes, 1980-89, of the Sparta aquifer in north-central Louisiana" Georeferenced Plate 1, 1996, from Hydrogeology and Potentiometric Surface of the Sparta Aquifer in Northern Louisiana, October 1996 (Brantly, Seanor, and McCoy, 2002) Structure Contours from Top of Sparta Aquifer from Figure 2, 1996, from Hydrogeology and Potentiometric Surface of the Sparta Aquifer in Northern Louisiana, October 1996 (Brantly, Seanor, and McCoy, 2002) Structure Contours from Bottom of Sparta Aquifer from Figure 3, 1996, from Hydrogeology and Potentiometric Surface of the Sparta Aquifer in Northern Louisiana, October 1996 (Brantly, Seanor, and McCoy, 2002) Digitized Contours from Georeferenced Plate 1996 from "Louisiana Ground-Water Map No. 13: Hydrogeology and Potentiometric Surface of the Sparta Aquifer in Northern Louisiana, October 1996" Digitized Contours from Georeferenced Plate 1989 from "Louisiana ground-water map no. 3: Potentiometric surface, 1989, and water-level changes, 1980-89, of the Sparta aquifer in north-central Louisiana" Digitized Contour from Georeferenced Plate 2012 from "Potentiometric Surface, 2012, and Water-Level Differences, 2005-2012, of the Sparta Aquifer in North-Central Louisiana" Georeferenced Plate 1, 1996, from Hydrogeology and Potentiometric Surface of the Sparta Aquifer in Northern Louisiana, October 1996 (Brantly, Seanor, and McCoy, 2002) Structure Contours from Top of Sparta Aquifer from Figure 2, 1996, from Hydrogeology and Potentiometric Surface of the Sparta Aquifer in Northern Louisiana, October 1996 (Brantly, Seanor, and McCoy, 2002) Structure Contours from Bottom of Sparta Aquifer from Figure 3, 1996, from Hydrogeology and Potentiometric Surface of the Sparta Aquifer in Northern Louisiana, October 1996 (Brantly, Seanor, and McCoy, 2002) Digitized Contour from Georeferenced plate 2007 from "Potentiometric Surface in the Sparta-Memphis Aquifer of the Mississippi Embayment, Spring 2007" (Shrader, 2008; version 1.1, April 2021) Digitized Maps of the Potentiometric Surface of the Sparta Aquifer in North-Central Louisiana, 1886 to 2012 (version 1.1, April 2021)