Filters: Tags: Southwest United States (X)11 results (69ms)
These raster data represent the results of a case study in Arizona on how vertebrate richness metrics can be used with existing state and federal guidance in wind and solar energy facility siting. Each of the four geodatabases (see Cross References) contain eight native terrestrial wildlife group models in Arizona: 1) all vertebrates, 2) amphibians, 3) reptiles, 4) birds, 5) mammals, 6) bats, 7) raptors and 8) long-distant migratory birds. An XML workbook is included that lists all terrestrial native vertebrate species in Arizona which cross-walks these species to the name of the National Gap Analysis Project species distribution model.
Tags: Amphibians, Arizona, Bats, Birds, Energy,
These data were compiled as part of a field and growth chamber study of the establishment of Salsola tragus (Russian thistle), an invasive non-native annual plant in North America. Field work was conducted at Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona in 2015 and 2016 and the growth chamber study was conducted in 2016. The data represent field measurements of Salsola germination and growth (cover) and sediment movement at two field sites, one a stabilized sand sheet (SS) and the other on the ridge of a sand dune (SD). The data also represent a growth chamber assessment of the soil and litter seed bank from representative samples take at the two field sites.
Tags: Arizona, Botany, Colorado Plateau, Ecology, Geography,
These data represent reproductive ecology characteristics for 4 species of mature female turtles captured at Elephant Butte Reservoir on the Rio Grande River in New Mexico, during two field survey periods in June 2012 and 2013. Data were collected on female reproductive ecology including clutch size, egg size, timing of egg production, and the percentage of reproductive females using X-radiography. The purpose of these data are to add to the deficient information on the reproductive ecology of four turtle species at the Elephant Butte Reservoir on the Rio Grande and Black River in New Mexico. Data contained in this worksheet were analyzed to determine clutch and egg sizes for four native species of turtles (Apalone...
Types: Citation; Tags: A. spinifera, Black River, C. picta, Clutch size, Digital X-ray system,
Invasive annual plants such as red brome (Bromus rubens), cheatgrass (B. tectorum), and African mustard (Malcomia africana) can have profound impacts on dryland ecosystems. Potential impacts include the alteration of fuel loads and fire regimes, as well as the competitive displacement of native plant populations. Both of these impacts can significantly degrade habitat quality for wildlife and can have important socioeconomic consequences for human society. To design science-based strategies for mitigating these impacts, managers need information on the relative abundance of invasive plant populations over time and across complex landscapes characterized by multiple management jurisdictions, a range of urban and...
Climatic suitability models and assessments for plant species and communities of the Southwestern US
These data were compiled to assess potential changes in the climatic suitability for 66 species (dominant and associate plant species) and forecast climate exposure for 29 major plant communities within major plant communities in the southwestern United States. An objective of our study was that species within plant communities have unique climate suitability signatures and forecast changes in climatic suitability will not be uniform within the species respective communities or among species within the community. The climate suitability spatial models were developed under a modern baseline (1960-90) and future climate scenario (2041-2060) using Maxent and WorldClim temperature and precipitation variables. Plant...
Tags: Arizona, Botany, CCSM4, California, Climatology,
Aeolian dust strongly influences ecology and landscape geochemistry over large areas that span several desert ecosystems of the southwestern United States. This study evaluates spatial and temporal variations and trends of the physical and chemical properties of dust in the southwestern United States by examining dust deposited in natural depressions on high isolated surfaces along a transect from the Mojave Desert to the central Colorado Plateau. Aeolian dust is recognized in these depressions on the basis of textural, chemical, isotopic, and mineralogical characteristics and comparisons of those characteristics to the underlying bedrock units. Spatial and temporal trends suggest that although local dust sources...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation, Journal Citation; Tags: American Geophysical Union, Journal of Geophysical Research, aeolian dust, magnetic properties, southwest United States
Two unique datasets on the abundance and morphology of the angel lichen moth (Cisthene angelus) in Grand Canyon, Arizona, USA were compiled to describe the phenology and life history of this common, but poorly known, species. The abundance data were collected from 2012 to 2013 through a collaboration with river runners in Grand Canyon National Park. These citizen scientists deployed light traps from their campsites for one hour each night of their expedition. Insects were preserved in ethanol on site, and returned to the Southwest Biological Science Center in Flagstaff, Arizona for analysis in the laboratory. A total of 2,437 light trap samples were sorted through, 903 of which contained C. angelus. In total, 73,841...
Types: Citation; Tags: Abundance, Angel lichen moths, Arizona, Cisthene angelus, Citizen science,
These data were compiled to forecast climate exposure for 29 major plant communities in the southwestern United States to changing climate under two future climate change scenarios. An objective of our study was that species within plant communities have unique climate suitability signatures and forecast changes in climatic suitability will not be uniform within the species respective communities or among species within the community. We developed these spatial models where climate exposure is represented as a composite score of the climate exposure of characteristic plants for each community. Baseline climate exposure rasters represent a baseline climate change and were developed for current climate conditions...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation; Tags: Conjunctive use, EE 446.1 Water Supply Systems; EE 912.2 Management; EE 913.1, Environmental Engineering Abstracts, Management, Planning,
These data were compiled to assess potential changes in the climatic suitability for 66 species (dominant and associate plant species) within major plant communities in the southwestern United States. An objective of our study was that species within plant communities have unique climate suitability signatures and forecast changes in climatic suitability will not be uniform within the species respective communities or among species within the community. We developed these spatial models of climate suitability under a modern baseline (1960-90) and future climate scenario (2041-2060) using Maxent and WorldClim temperature and precipitation variables. Plant species were chosen that are characteristic species of plant...
Categories: Data; Tags: Arizona, CCSM4, California, Colorado, Community Climate System Model v4,
Predictive maps of 2D and 3D surface soil properties and associated uncertainty for the Upper Colorado River Basin, USA
The raster datasets in this release are maps of soil surface properties that were used in analyzing different approaches for digital soil mapping. They include maps of soil pH, electrical conductivity, soil organic matter, and soil summed fine and very fine sand contents that were created using both 2D and 3D modeling strategies. For each property a map was created using both 2D and 3D approaches to compare the mapped results.
Tags: 2D mapping, 2D modeling, 3D mapping, 3D modeling, Arizona,