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Tracklines and associated observations were mapped and analyzed using ArcMap (ESRI, Redlands, CA). GPS data were recorded in NAD27 map datum and projected to an USGS Albers Equal Area Conic map projection for presentation and subsequent density analyses. Concatenated GPS and observation data were then used to generate point and line coverages in ArcMap (ESRI, Redlands, CA). We designed a custom analytic tool using ArcMap Model Builder that allows for the construction and export of user-specified and effort-adjusted spatial binning of species observations along continuous trackines. For the purposes of this report, we calculated seabird density estimates and marine mammal counts along continuous 3.0-kilometer and...
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Background - Interest in developing alternative sources of renewable energy to reduce dependence on oil has increased in recent years. Some sources of renewable energy being considered will include power generation infrastructure and support activities located within continental shelf waters, and potentially within deeper waters off the U.S. Pacific coast and beyond state waters (i.e., outside three nautical miles). Currently, the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) is considering renewable energy proposals off the coast of Oregon, California, and Hawaii. From 1999–2002, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and Humboldt State University (HSU) worked with BOEM (formely known as the Minerals Management Service,...
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Tracklines and associated observations were mapped and analyzed using ArcMap (ESRI, Redlands, CA). GPS data were recorded in NAD27 map datum and projected to an USGS Albers Equal Area Conic map projection for presentation and subsequent density analyses. Concatenated GPS and observation data were then used to generate point and line coverages in ArcMap (ESRI, Redlands, CA). We designed a custom analytic tool using ArcMap Model Builder that allows for the construction and export of user-specified and effort-adjusted spatial binning of species observations along continuous trackines. For the purposes of this report, we calculated seabird density estimates and marine mammal counts along continuous 3.0-kilometer and...
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This file contains the flight trackline Global Positioning System (GPS) point data from the aerial surveys. Surveys were flown at 60 meters (200 feet) above sea level at 160 kilometers per hour (90 knots) ground speed. The surveys were flown in a high-winged, twin engine Partenavia PN 68 Observer aircraft following methods developed for seabirds by Briggs et al. (1987). GPS points were recorded every five seconds to allow adequate spatial coverage of the trackline (222 meters is traversed every five seconds at the survey speed of 160 kilometers per hour) and to limit the size of the resulting data files. Data was collected using a laptop computer running the program dLOG (R.G. Ford Consulting, Inc.) that allowed...
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Broad survey lines, island radial survey lines, coastal survey lines, and focal-area (Santa Barbara Channel) survey lines were surveyed during each oceanographic season: spring (May), fall (September), and winter (January) during 1999 (May and September), 2000 (January, May, September), 2001 (January May, September), and 2002 (January). Aerial survey methods follow Mason et al. (2007). Specifically, we recorded all sightings of marine animals, vessels, and floating objects from twin-engine, high wing aircraft (Partenavia P-68s, Aspen Helicopters, Oxnard, CA, or California Department of Fish and Game) along pre-determined 100-meter (50 meters per side) strip transects at 60 meters above sea level. Surveys were flown...
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Chloropyron maritimum subsp. maritimum population counts at Sweetwater Marsh National Wildlife Refuge, California, and tide and weather data from San Diego, California, are used to explain interannual variation in Chloropyron counts and to predict past population counts.


    map background search result map search result map Bird Density and Marine Mammal Counts Based on 3000 Meter Bins in Southern California, 1999-2002 Bird Density and Marine Mammal Counts Based on 7700 Meter Bins in Southern California, 1999-2002 At-Sea Aerial Survey GPS Points in Southern California, 1999-2002 At-Sea Aerial Survey Species Observations in Southern California, 1999-2002 Chloropyron maritimum subsp. maritimum population counts, tide, and weather data for Sweetwater Marsh National Wildlife Refuge Chloropyron maritimum subsp. maritimum population counts, tide, and weather data for Sweetwater Marsh National Wildlife Refuge At-Sea Aerial Survey Species Observations in Southern California, 1999-2002 At-Sea Aerial Survey GPS Points in Southern California, 1999-2002 Bird Density and Marine Mammal Counts Based on 7700 Meter Bins in Southern California, 1999-2002 Bird Density and Marine Mammal Counts Based on 3000 Meter Bins in Southern California, 1999-2002