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Attributes for NHDPlus version 2.1 catchments and modified routing of upstream watersheds for the conterminous United States: estimated nitrogen from septic, 2010
This metadata record documents an ascii comma-delimited file representing estimated nitrogen in kilograms by NHDPlus v2.1 catchments for the conterminous United States. Nitrogen estimates were taken from Estimated nitrogen from septic for the conterminous United States, 2010 published by the U.S. Geological Survey. Nitrogen values by individual reach catchments (COMID) were determined by calculating a zonal mean in a GIS.
Septic systems are useful for removing and processing human waste. However, they have the potential of leaking or discharging waste into the nearby system and increasing potential contamination of nearby streams. Data represent potential locations of septic sewers in the Pacific Northwest based on extrapolation of 1990 Census tract block group level information.
Nutrients, Escherichia coli, and microbial source tracking markers in surface-water and known-source samples collected in Salado Creek and its watershed near Salado, Texas, 2018
Concerns exist that the degradation of water quality in Salado Creek near Salado, Texas could adversely affect recreational uses and harm salamander populations that live in and near springs that discharge into the stream. Salado is part of the rapidly growing Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood area; land-use changes in the Salado Creek watershed could adversely affect water quality in Salado Creek. Streamflow in Salado Creek is generally derived from the Salado Springs complex during low-flow conditions (dry weather) and from the springs and surface runoff during high-flow conditions (wet weather). A better understanding of the types of waste (human, animal, or both) that may be entering the stream and springs is needed...
This metadata record documents a rudimentary estimate of nitrogen from septic for the conterminous United States for 2010, derived from block-group 1990 and 2010 Decennial Census of Population and Housing data. Specifically, the data were computed from 1990 population and housing data where a ratio of the total population to the people on septic was obtained and applied to 2010 population data by block group. All input data were acquired from the National Historical Geographic Information System (NHGIS, Manson and others, 2017). The amount of nitrogen in pounds per person per year was derived from documentation supporting the Chesapeake Bay Program’s Phase 5.3 Community Watershed Model (USEPA, 2010). The Supplemental...