Filters: Tags: SURFACE AIR TEMPERATURE (X)22 results (181ms)
Spatial interpolation of surface air temperatures using artificial neural networks: Evaluating their use for downscaling GCMs
Map of the Fish and Judy Creek Area and location of proposed observation sites (numbered circles). Fish Creek, Judy Creek, and the Ublutuoch River are almost entirely within the Beaufort Coastal Plain Ecoregion, though a small portion of Judy Creek extends into the Brooks Foothills. Inset shows the location of the seven TEON focal watersheds. Image by Arctic LCC staff.
Map of the Upper Koyukuk River Area and location of proposed observation sites (numbered circles). This large area drains the southern Brooks Range ecoregion and extends downstream into the Kobuk Ridges and Valleys outside of the Arctic LCC boundary. Compared to other sites in TEON, these rivers are larger basins and reflect higher relief landscapes. Inset shows the location of the seven TEON focal watersheds. Image by Arctic LCC staff.
Regional map showing the location of the TEON focal watersheds (colored polygons). White circles denote the locations of proposed observation sites. Collectively, these watersheds sample the major ecoregions (Nowacki et al., 2001) represented within the Alaska portion of the Arctic LCC.
The Terrestrial Environmental Observation Network (TEON) is intended to meet the need for a sustainable environmental observing network for northern Alaska. The TEON plan proposes collection of a time series of specific environmental variables in seven representative watersheds across northern Alaska. The Kuparuk River watershed is central to this plan both because of its location that bisects Alaska’s North Slope and its record of hydroclimatic data and research now surpassing 30-yrs. Nested catchments within and adjacent to this sentinel Arctic river system integrate climate and landscape responses from the Brooks Range foothills (Imnavait Creek and Upper Kuparuk River) to the Arctic Coastal Plain (Putuligayuk...
Dominant factors influencing the seasonal predictability of U.S. precipitation and surface air temperature
Map of the Hulahula River Area and location of observation sites. This focal watershed provides the greatest opportunity to characterize conditions within and fluxes from the Brooks Range Ecoregion. Though the Foothills region isextensive, the watersheds narrow as they cross the Coastal Plain in the easternpart of the North Slope. Inset shows the location of the seven TEON focal watersheds. Image by Arctic LCC staff.
Map of the Agashashok River Area and location of proposed observation sites (numbered circles). This focal watershed is in the southwest corner of the Arctic LCC and largely drains the Brooks Range ecoregion with a small portion of the lower basin in the Kobuk Ridges and Valleys ecoregion. The braided character of the lower river prevents us from suggesting a long term gaging station in that location. Inset shows the location of the seven TEON focal watersheds. Image by Arctic LCC staff.
Map of the Kokolik River Area and location of proposed observation sites (numbered circles). The Kokolik River drains from the northwestern corner of the Brooks Range south and west to Kasegaluk Lagoon and the Chukchi Sea. It crosses the three ecoregions but has very little high elevation area. Inset shows the location of the seven TEON focal watersheds. Image by Arctic LCC staff.
Ideal observation sites are located near tributary-mainstem confluences and provide frequent,synchronous measurements of physical, chemical, and biological attributes. This “nested watershed”design supports characterization of environmental conditions adjacent to the sampling stations, whileinstream hydrological measurements will reflect both local conditions and inputs from upstream. TEON observations sites are stratified by ecoregions, so we can aggregate data sets across the network to characterize conditions at the ecoregion scale.
The Terrestrial Environmental Observation Network (TEON) is intended to meet the need for asustainable environmental observing network for northern Alaska. TEON is organized aroundrepresentative focal watersheds (Figure 1). TEON will collect, distribute, and synthesize long-termobservational data needed to detect and forecast effects of a changing climate, hydrology, andpermafrost regime on wildlife, habitat, and infrastructure in northern Alaska.
Relationship of cloud cover to near-surface temperature and humidity: comparison of GCM simulations with empirical data
Map of the Kuparuk River Area and location of proposed observation sites (numbered circles). The Watershed spans from the upper Brooks Foothills to the Coastal Plain Ecoregions. Inset shows the location of the seven TEON focal watersheds. Image by Arctic LCC staff.
The North America climate data were derived from WorldClim (http://www.worldclim.org/), a set of global climate layers developed by the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology at the University of California, Berkeley, USA, in collaboration with The International Center for Tropical Agriculture (http://www.ciat.cgiar.org/Paginas/index.aspx) and Rainforest CRC (http://www.jcu.edu.au/rainforest/) with support from NatureServe (http://www.natureserve.org/). The global climate data layers were generated through interpolation of average monthly climate data from weather stations across North America. The result is a 30-arc-second-resolution (1-Km) grid of values. The North American data were clipped from the global data and...
Global mean surface air temperature and North Atlantic overturning in a suite of coupled GCM climate change experiments
TEON uses a “nested” approach to data collection. The smallest unit within TEON is a Station. Stationsinclude discrete sampling locations or units (e.g., plot or transect) where repeated measures of a givenvariable are collected to create a time-series. Data collected at a station may be relevant to localconditions (e.g., soil temperature at a given site) or applicable to a larger area (e.g., streamgage locatedat the lower end of a watershed). A Site is a collection of stations that are typically located within closeproximity to each other. Sites are grouped into Watersheds. Watersheds will encompass many ecotypes and span multiple ecoregions. Watersheds in aggregate form the TEON network.