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Present woodfuel usage in Britain is negligible. Historically, Britain has been fortunate in having abundant coal, oil and gas. At an EU level, biomass is seen as an important element of energy, environment and agriculture/forestry policy. In the European context, biomass is taken to include agricultural and industrial wastes in addition to forest woodfuel, and it is regarded as a potential source of heat, fuels and electricity. In the UK, energy policy as a whole is based on four considerations--environment, energy reliability and security, affordability for the poorest in society and competitive pricing for businesses, industries and households. Within UK policy, the dominant driver for greater use of biomass...
In a number of countries fuelwood is a crucial energy source which makes the rural sector a major supplier of energy. Besides being an environmentally benign energy source fuelwood is by far the most important renewable source being presently consumed. Rural populations depending on fuelwood are growing while fuelwood supplies are diminishing. Policy responses to grave and increasing woodfuel shortages have generally been insufficient and programmes inadequately tailored to the problem. Solutions to fuelwood shortages must be fully integrated into local farming systems and their rural development context. Such solutions must also take full account of the increased commoditization of woodfuels. A new impetus is required...