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This final report documents subsistence harvest estimates for Pacific salmon in the Kuskokwim Fisheries Management Area for 2004, on the basis of surveys in 30 communities along the Kuskokwim River and Kuskokwim Bay, including Nelson Island. Compared to 2003 harvest estimates, harvests increased, with the exception of sockeye salmon Oncorhynchus nerka, demonstrating again the importance of salmon for subsistence in this area. In Bethel, nonsalmon fish comprised about 18% of total fish harvested for subsistence. This salmon harvest monitoring research continues to be critical for fisheries managers for their use in planning for adequate salmon escapement and providing continued uses of salmon for subsistence purposes.
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Excerpt from the Introduction: "This report characterizes the achievements of the Tanana Chiefs Conference, Inc.'s Tribal Environmental Restoration Program (TERP) during the 1999 calendar year. The report first introduces the reader to the history behind the development of TERP. Secondly, the report discusses the organization and intent of the TERP program. The remainder of the report reviews the various services performed by TERP program staff and the activities conducted by participating Tribal Liaison Officers to assess military impacts to TCC Tribes. For example, the regional report reviews the historical context of military impacts in Interior Alaska. Similarly, the report reviews the various levels of technical...
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Northway, Alaska is a small, mostly Athabascan community with a large Formerly Used Defense Site, located near the Alaska Highway in Eastern Interior Alaska. Despite remediation in the 1990s, local residents are concerned about the contamination of wild foods. This Community Based Participatory Research project comprised two studies: the Northway Wild Food Study, to investigate contaminant levels in locally prioritized traditional foods; and the Northway Health Study, to investigate locally suspected links between historic pollution sources and health problems. The project identifies multiple pathways of exposure that were more significant in the past, including a clear water creek, whitefish, a pipeline corridor,...
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This study was designed as an update of a 1991 survey by the Alaska Department of Fish and Game which quantified the use of locally-caught fish as a source of food for sled dogs in the Yukon River drainage. Between 1991 and 2008 the number of sled dogs and the number of people involved in dog mushing in rural Yukon River communities has declined by more than 50%. A complex set of economic and social changes in rural communities has eroded the ability of many rural dog mushers to adhere to the lifestyle required to keep sled dogs. Data on the use of dogs show a general increase in the use of dogs for sprint racing in 2008 compared to 1991, and an overall decrease in the use of dogs for utilitarian purposes such as...
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Through a process of participatory mapping, this research assessed the impacts of the 1984 change in Alaska fire policy from one of exclusion to one of management on Native land use in the Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge. Findings suggest that while the change in policy has had little measurable effect on community land use the continued suppression of fire on Native owned lands is having a direct impact on the current availability of wildlife resources to the point of necessitating territorial expansion among Native resource users. However, given the complexity of human nature, the impacts associated with the 1984 policy change should not be reduced to a simplistic cause-and-effect relationship. Rather this...
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The boreal forest covers 12 million kM2 of the northern hemisphere and contains roughly 40% of the world's reactive soil carbon. The Northern high latitudes have experienced significant warming over the past century and there is a pressing need to characterize the response of the disturbance regime in the boreal forest to climatic change. The interior Alaskan boreal forest contains approximately 60 million burnable hectares and, relative to the other disturbance mechanisms that exist in Alaska, fire dominates at the landscape-scale. In order to assess the impact of forecast climate change on the structure and function of the Alaskan boreal forest, the interactions among climate, fire and vegetation need to be quantified....
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This research was carried out to estimate the winter fluxes of CO2 and CH4 using the concentration profile method and the chamber method in black spruce forest soils in central Alaska during the winter of 2004/5. The average winter fluxes of CO2 and CH4 by chamber and profile methods were 0.24 +/- 0.06 (SE; standard error) and 0.21 +/- 0.06 gCO(2)-C/m(2)/d, and 21.4 +/- 5.6 and 21.4 +/- 14 mu gCH(4)-C/m(2)/hr. This suggests that the fluxes estimated by the two methods are not significantly different based on a one-way ANOVA with a 95% confidence level. The hypothesis on the processes of CH4 transport/production/emission in underlying snow-covered boreal forest soils is proven by the pressure differences between...
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This thesis addressed how Alaska Natives of the Iliamna Lake region have practiced subsistence and indigenous religious traditions to live sustainably in their local environments and how their ways of living have been practiced from the 1960s to 2013. Research was framed from the perspective of traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) to explore the residents' beliefs, practices, and the long-term observation of their local environment in Pedro Bay (predominantly Dena'ina) and Newhalen (predominantly Central Yup'ik). Research methods used included participant observations, key respondent interviews, and mapping exercises. Analysis of the qualitative data indicates that Pedro Bay and Newhalen residents have practiced...
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The health of caribou (Rangifer tarandus ) is impacted by multiple risk factors, which may affect availability of caribou for consumption. From analysis of secondary dietary intake data, consuming caribou was found to be positively related to measures of diet quality--caloric intake and dietary diversity score. Other country foods, beef, or pork may be substituted for caribou with increases in opportunity cost and out-of-pocket costs for obtaining caribou. Caribou consumption levels are predicted to vary across and within regions. Communities with older populations, lower employment rates and access to stores are likely to be impacted more by changes in the health of caribou. Analysis of federal survey data highlights...


map background search result map search result map Implications of Fire Policy on Native Land Use in the Yukon Flats, Alaska Contemporary subsistence uses and population distribution of non-salmon fish in Grayling, Anvik, Shageluk, and Holy Cross Assessment of winter fluxes of CO2 and CH4 in boreal forest soils of central Alaska estimated by the profile method and the chamber method: a diagnosis of methane emission and implications for the regional carbon budget An Update on the Use of Subsistence-Caught Fish to Feed Sled Dogs in the Yukon River Drainage, Alaska The Northway Wild Food and Health Project: Confronting the legacy of toxic waste along the Alcan Caribou Consumption in Northern Canadian Communities Seafood as local food: Food security and locally caught seafood on Alaska’s Kenai Peninsula Response of boreal ecosystems to varying modes of permafrost degradation Factors Contributing to the Cultural and Spatial Variability of Landscape Burning by Native Peoples of Interior Alaska Uncertainty in the impacts of projected climate change on the hydrology of a subarctic environment: Liard River Basin The 1999-2000 harvest of moose, caribou, and bear in ten middle Yukon and Koyukuk River communities "Berry patch" as a kind of place :the ethnoecology of black huckleberry in northwestern Canada Law on the Land: Contesting Ethical Authority in the Western Arctic Subsistence salmon harvest monitoring report, Kuskokwim Fisheries Management Area, Alaska, 2004 Subsistence practices of Iliamna Lake Villages: An investigation of dynamics of traditional and local ecological knowledge Building resilience to climate change in Rural Alaska: Understanding impacts, adaptation and the role of TEK Tanana Chiefs Conference's Tribal Environmental Restoration Program's (TERP) 1999 Final Report on Military Impacts to Tribes in Interior Alaska Assessment of winter fluxes of CO2 and CH4 in boreal forest soils of central Alaska estimated by the profile method and the chamber method: a diagnosis of methane emission and implications for the regional carbon budget Law on the Land: Contesting Ethical Authority in the Western Arctic Contemporary subsistence uses and population distribution of non-salmon fish in Grayling, Anvik, Shageluk, and Holy Cross The Northway Wild Food and Health Project: Confronting the legacy of toxic waste along the Alcan Subsistence practices of Iliamna Lake Villages: An investigation of dynamics of traditional and local ecological knowledge Seafood as local food: Food security and locally caught seafood on Alaska’s Kenai Peninsula Implications of Fire Policy on Native Land Use in the Yukon Flats, Alaska "Berry patch" as a kind of place :the ethnoecology of black huckleberry in northwestern Canada Factors Contributing to the Cultural and Spatial Variability of Landscape Burning by Native Peoples of Interior Alaska Subsistence salmon harvest monitoring report, Kuskokwim Fisheries Management Area, Alaska, 2004 Tanana Chiefs Conference's Tribal Environmental Restoration Program's (TERP) 1999 Final Report on Military Impacts to Tribes in Interior Alaska The 1999-2000 harvest of moose, caribou, and bear in ten middle Yukon and Koyukuk River communities Building resilience to climate change in Rural Alaska: Understanding impacts, adaptation and the role of TEK Response of boreal ecosystems to varying modes of permafrost degradation An Update on the Use of Subsistence-Caught Fish to Feed Sled Dogs in the Yukon River Drainage, Alaska Uncertainty in the impacts of projected climate change on the hydrology of a subarctic environment: Liard River Basin Caribou Consumption in Northern Canadian Communities