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This paper analyzes the co-benefits of transport sector electrification in terms of reductions of greenhouse gas and local environmental emissions, improvement in energy security and employment generation during 2015–2050 in the case of Nepal—a developing country with large hydropower potential. A bottom up energy system model of Nepal based on the MARKAL framework was developed to assess the effects of meeting a part of the land transport service demand through electrified mass transport system and electric vehicles. The present study shows that if the share of electricity based transport services is to grow from 10% in 2015 to 35% by 2050, the hydropower generation capacity would have to increase by 495 MW by...
In this study, an interval-valued minimax regret analysis (IMRA) method is proposed for planning greenhouse gas (GHG) abatement under uncertainty. The IMRA method is a hybrid of interval-parameter programming (IPP) and minimax regret analysis (MMR) techniques. The developed method is applied to support long-term planning of GHG mitigation in an energy system under uncertainty. Mixed integer linear programming (MILP) technique with fixed-charge cost function is introduced into the IMRA framework to facilitate dynamic analysis for decisions of timing, sizing and siting in planning capacity expansions for power-generation facilities. The results obtained indicate that replacing fossil fuels with renewable energy sources...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation; Tags: Energy, Public opinion, controversy
This special issue brings together leading experts from Asia, Europe and North America to examine the international institutions, national governance mechanisms and financing systems that together will determine the future of the energy sector. The enormous environmental externalities imposed by fossil fuel extraction and consumption, the devastating corruption and human rights abuses that have accompanied this energy system, and the geopolitical vulnerabilities that have arisen because of the uneven natural distribution of these resources, have occasioned enormous handwringing – but not, yet, a shift to a more rational system of providing energy services. Although national governments play the dominant role in...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation; Tags: Energy, Public opinion, controversy
In this study, an interval-valued minimax regret analysis (IMRA) method is proposed for planning greenhouse gas (GHG) abatement under uncertainty. The IMRA method is a hybrid of interval-parameter programming (IPP) and minimax regret analysis (MMR) techniques. The developed method is applied to support long-term planning of GHG mitigation in an energy system under uncertainty. Mixed integer linear programming (MILP) technique with fixed-charge cost function is introduced into the IMRA framework to facilitate dynamic analysis for decisions of timing, sizing and siting in planning capacity expansions for power-generation facilities. The results obtained indicate that replacing fossil fuels with renewable energy sources...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation; Tags: Energy, Public opinion, controversy
This paper analyzes the co-benefits of transport sector electrification in terms of reductions of greenhouse gas and local environmental emissions, improvement in energy security and employment generation during 2015–2050 in the case of Nepal—a developing country with large hydropower potential. A bottom up energy system model of Nepal based on the MARKAL framework was developed to assess the effects of meeting a part of the land transport service demand through electrified mass transport system and electric vehicles. The present study shows that if the share of electricity based transport services is to grow from 10% in 2015 to 35% by 2050, the hydropower generation capacity would have to increase by 495 MW by...
This special issue brings together leading experts from Asia, Europe and North America to examine the international institutions, national governance mechanisms and financing systems that together will determine the future of the energy sector. The enormous environmental externalities imposed by fossil fuel extraction and consumption, the devastating corruption and human rights abuses that have accompanied this energy system, and the geopolitical vulnerabilities that have arisen because of the uneven natural distribution of these resources, have occasioned enormous handwringing – but not, yet, a shift to a more rational system of providing energy services. Although national governments play the dominant role in...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation; Tags: Energy, Public opinion, controversy
Local protests against renewable energy facilities have added fuel to the debate about the so-called NIMBY (not in my back yard) effect. This paper identifies six ‘variables’ that can hamper the comparison between different public perception studies, and offers two broad conclusions. On aggregate, proximity does have strong influence on public attitudes to proposed projects, but the nature, strength and spatial scale of this effect may vary according to local context and ‘value’ of the land. Residents of stigmatised places are more likely to welcome facilities that are relatively ‘green’, while people who derive a more positive sense of identity from particular rural landscapes are likely to resist such potential...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation; Tags: Proximity, Public opinion, Renewables