Filters: Tags: Productivity (X)448 results (80ms)
We investigated experimental warming and simulated grazing (clipping) effects on rangeland quality, as indicated by vegetation production and nutritive quality, in winter-grazed meadows and summer-grazed shrublands on the Tibetan Plateau, a rangeland system experiencing climatic and pastoral land use changes. Warming decreased total aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP) by 40 g.m?�.yr?� at the meadow habitats and decreased palatable ANPP (total ANPP minus non-palatable forb ANPP) by 10 g.m?�.yr?� at both habitats. The decreased production of the medicinal forb Gentiana straminea and the increased production of the non-palatable forb Stellera chamaejasme with warming also reduced rangeland quality. At the shrubland...
Pacific-slope Flycatcher station lifetime productivity (STAPI) (log transformed) ranged between -0.034 and +0.606 with a mean value of +0.286 and a median value of +0.247. ________________________________________ Model 1 (3 parameters) Pacific-slope Flycatcher station lifetime productivity (STAPI) (log transformed) was a function of: a) INTERCEPT (0.3022), b) NLCD06AF90P (+0.01874) - percent all forest cover, 90m-resolution(3x aggregation of 30m-resolution), ranged between -1.901 and +6.011 (95% CL) with a mean value of +2.055 and a median value of +2.494, c) NLCD06IM33P (-0.02730) - percent impervious cover, 990m-resolution (33x aggregation of 30m-resolution), ranged between -1.057 and +5.084 (95% CL) with...
The Monitoring Avian Productivity and Survivorship (MAPS) Program Monitoring Network Stations Database (clipped to US FWS region 3)
MAPS Station information: • Geographic locations and operating history of MAPS stations operated during the years 1989-2003. • A Microsoft Word document stations.doc describes field names
Harvesting influences functional identity and diversity over time in forests of the northeastern U.S.A.
Concern over global environmental change and associated uncertainty has given rise to greater emphasis on fostering resilience through forest management. We examined the impact of standard silvicultural systems (including clearcutting, shelterwood, and selection) compared with unharvested controls on tree functional identity and functional diversity in three forest types distributed across the northeastern United States. Sites included the Argonne, Bartlett, and Penobscot Experimental Forests located in Wisconsin, New Hampshire, and Maine, respectively. We quantified functional trait means for leaf mass per area, specific gravity, maximum height, height achieved at 20 years, seed mass, drought tolerance, shade tolerance,...
Introduction : Swainson’s Thrush is a medium sized (15-18cm) thrush which prefers to breed in dense shrub growth associated with spruce-fir forests. The "russet-backed" race prefers mixed forests and deciduous riparian woodlands of the coastal region from British Columbia, to northern California. These Pacific populations winter in mature tropical and secondary forests of Central America, whereas the "olive-backed" race that breeds in the Boreal and Rockies winters in S. America. Models of Monitoring Avian Productivity and Survival (MAPS) demographic data and high-resolution land cover data showed that Swainson’s Thrush prefers large intact forest patches with low perimeter to area ratios. On a regional...
To investigate whether Northern Goshawk textit(Accipiter gentilis) reproduction is food-limited, we evaluated the reproductive output from 401 goshawk breeding opportunities on the Kaibab Plateau, Arizona during 1999-2002. Concurrently, we estimated densities of 10 goshawk prey species (seven birds, three mammals) using distance sampling. We then assessed the relationship between goshawk productivity (number of fledglings produced) and prey density within and among years by relating the contribution of individual prey species and total prey density to goshawk productivity. We also estimated the proportion of total diet and biomass for each species that contributed ?3% of all prey items. Total prey density was highly...
Pelagic rotifer community of an acidic clearwater lake in the Adirondack Mountains of New York State.
Effect of young-of-the-year walleye (Percidae: Stizostedion vitreum) on plankton dynamics and water quality in ponds
Computations on the influence of changing climate on the soil moisture and productivity in Scots pine stands in southern and northern Finland
Biomass, production, decomposition of and N release from root nodules in two Casuarina equisetifolia plantations in Sonbhadra, India
Maximum net productivity level estimation for the northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus) population of St. Paul Island, Alaska
Phytoplankton productivity in Saginaw Bay, Lake Huron: Effects of zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) colonization