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We developed a composite land cover approach for use in the GCPO LCC ecological assessment of upland hardwood woodlands and forests. These datasets reflect the upland hardwood “mask” that represents the composite of 3 or 4 datasets, from which the remaining landscape endpoints defined in the LCC Integrated Science Agenda will be evaluated. The mask indicates where on the landscape we estimate upland hardwood woodlands and forests to be found in any condition. We first resampled 30 m 2011 GAP ecological systems land cover and Florida Cooperative Land Cover version 3.1, as well as 10 m Texas and Oklahoma Ecological Systems Mapping land cover data to 250 m using a nearest neighbor algorithm. The assessment was conducted...
Categories: Data; Types: ArcGIS REST Map Service, ArcGIS Service Definition, Downloadable, Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: BIOSPHERE, BIOSPHERE, ECOSYSTEMS, ECOSYSTEMS, FORESTS, All tags...
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Dead and downed wood in any forest serves an important ecological function with regards to decomposition and nutrient cycling in forest ecosystems. It also provides critical habitat for many reptile and amphibian species, such as the red-backed salamander (Plethodon cinereus), in addition to providing an important food source for insects and detritivores upon which many other species in the system depend. The GCPO LCC Integrated Science Agenda (ISA) targets density of down wood around one 6’ dead/down log of ≥8” dbh per acre, essentially saying that on every acre there needs to be at least one sizable down log. The U.S. Forest Service (USFS) Forest Inventory and Analysis program does not collect plot-level data...
Categories: Data; Types: ArcGIS REST Map Service, ArcGIS Service Definition, Downloadable, Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: BIOSPHERE, BIOSPHERE, ECOSYSTEMS, ECOSYSTEMS, FORESTS, All tags...
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These layers represent estimates of imputed tree density calculated as part of the ecological assessment of upland hardwood systems. The GCPO Integrated Science Agenda targets tree densities of around 40 trees/acre for upland hardwood woodland systems and around 80 trees/acre for upland hardwood forest systems. These metrics should be correlates with target endpoints of basal area and canopy cover, though not entirely synonymous. We again used plot-level FIA data imputed across the GCPO LCC to assess tree density. However, it was challenging to identify and map the very limited acreage amounts meeting exactly this target in upland hardwood woodlands and forest. We therefore assessed the mean tree density within...
Categories: Data; Types: ArcGIS REST Map Service, ArcGIS Service Definition, Downloadable, Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: BIOSPHERE, BIOSPHERE, ECOSYSTEMS, ECOSYSTEMS, FORESTS, All tags...
This Ecological Assessment includes a large proportion of rivers and streams throughout the GCPO but excludes the smaller and steeper streams that are most abundant across the Ozark Highlands, Ouachita Mountains (WGCP), and higher elevations of the East Gulf Coastal Plains. We defined medium-sized streams and rivers as free-flowing streams with an average annual flow of 10 to 6,000 cubic feet/sec (cfs) and sitting at an elevation <=130 meters according to the National Hydrography Dataset (v2). Our Condition Index showed a majority of medium-low gradient streams in the region are impacted by land use, with most of the higher ranking streams in the pine belt. Most targets cannot be reliably assessed with existing...
The designation of “medium-low gradient streams and rivers” is very broad in that it relies on only gradient to define it. This designation includes a large proportion of rivers and streams throughout the EWGCP but excludes the smaller and steeper streams that are most abundant across the Ozark Highlands and Ouachita Mountains of the West Gulf Coastal Plain (WGCP), and at higher elevations of the East Gulf Coastal Plain (EGCP). Within this broadly defined habitat type, landscape endpoints specified in the Integrated Science Agenda (ISA) describe localized stream amount, configuration and condition. These endpoints are further broken down into measures of sinuosity, temperature, riffle-pool sequences and physical...
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The Appalachian Landscape Conservation Cooperative (LCC) provided a grant to Cornell University Environmental Engineers to study how the region’s surface freshwater supply and the health of natural systems delivering this resource have been impacted and may be altered in the coming years under increasing water withdrawals.The research focuses on the Marcellus Shale region in the Central Appalachians, including portions of New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Maryland, West Virginia, and Virginia. In addition to considering the cumulative impacts of water withdrawals, the researchers looked at specific impacts of large water withdrawals with hydraulic fracturing in the Marcellus Shale region as one example.Datasets include...
Open Pine Woodland and Savanna was assessed by evaluating endpoint variable values from spatial data layers. Spatial data inputs included a set of selected ecological system and land use classes from the National GAP Land Cover Data Product and estimated percent canopy cover from NLCD 2011. Midstory conditions, average tree diameter, and basal area endpoint thresholds were derived from US Forest Service data products that use remote sensing data to impute Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) data across the landscape. The Condition Index is a pixel-by-pixel analysis with a score range of 0 – 21 at a spatial resolution of 250 meters. The process first assesses whether the pixel is in a pine or mixed-pine forested...
Hawaiian forest birds are imperiled, with fewer than half the original >40 species remaining extant. Recent studies document ongoing rapid population decline and project complete climate‐based range losses for the critically endangered Kaua’i endemics ‘akeke’e (Loxops caeruleirostris) and ‘akikiki (Oreomystis bairdi) by end‐of‐century due to projected warming. Climate change facilitates the upward expansion of avian malaria into native high elevation forests where disease was historically absent. While intensified conservation efforts attempt to safeguard these species and their habitats, the magnitude of potential loss and the urgency of this situation require all conservation options to be seriously considered....
The project objective is to transfer to California a previously developed prioritization framework that combines intraspecific genetic and morphological variation with traditionally used indices of biodiversity, and test its general utility for conservation prioritization. This project will integrate existing data on intraspecific variation of multiple species in the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreational Area with climate data and space-borne measurements of the environment to identify areas with high intraspecific variation.
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This project modeled the effects of future climate change on bird distributions and their status in the lower 48 states. Its goal was to examine more than 600 species of birds and produce more than 100 predictive scenarios for each species, resulting in more than 600,000 data layers for birds. The purpose of the project was to provide information critical to the design and implementation of management and conservation strategies that could be used by all Landscape Conservation Cooperatives.
This project completed a rapid update for wetland mapping in 162 coastal areas (1:24,000 topographic quadrangles in ME, MD, MA, NJ, NY, PA, and VA) that were last updated prior to 2000. The updates, which were incorporated into the National Wetland Inventory, have many applications in conservation analysis and coastal planning, including the Designing Sustainable Landscapes project (also funded by the North Atlantic LCC).Number of USGS quadrangles updated, by state.|** State** | No. of Quads || ——– | ——– || Maine | 23 || Maryland | 12 || Massachusetts | 64 || New Jersey | 6 || New York | 11 || Pennsylvania | 5 || Virginia | 41 || Total ** | **162 |
Our goal is to predict the potential consequences of interactions among forest management, succession and natural disturbance, and climate change on Midwestern central hardwood landscapes and wildlife. We are working with partners that include the USDA Forest Service Eastern Region, the Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science, the Gulf Plains and Ozarks LCC, the USGS Northeast Climate Science Center, and the University of Missouri. We are making predictions for scenarios that are defined by alternative forest management actions, natural disturbance regimes, and alternative climate models. We first predict changes in tree species establishment under alternative climates on Midwestern sites with the LINKAGES...
This project will expand the East Gulf Coastal Plain’s existing grassland bird habitat model for prioritizing habitat management to include non-avian species of conservation concern in theGulf Coastal Plains and Ozarks region. It will also incorporate non-biological economics and cost effectiveness objectives into the decision framework.
This project will improve the existing Louisiana and Ozarks black bear models by incorporating more accurate, up-to-date landcover data, detailed agricultural data, and urbanization data. The models will then be coupled to create a seamless final landscape scale model of black bear habitat that identifies areas of importance for bears and specific forest management endpoints needed to maintain or create quality bear habitat.
Open canopy conditions in southeastern pine (Pinus spp.) forests were historically maintained by frequent fire and other disturbances, without which midstory hardwoods create closed canopy conditions limiting value of pine stands for many endemic, disturbance-adapted species. Intensively managed pine forests, which comprise 19% of forests in the southeastern U.S., can emulate historical open pine conditions, providing appropriate vegetation structure and composition for many endemic species. However, exact mechanisms for producing and maintaining open pine conditions and subsequent effects on biodiversity have not been examined across regions and stand ages. To better inform managers about options for providing...
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The purpose of this data set is support resource allocation decisions (i.e. where to invest conservation effort) within the Gulf Coastal Plains and Ozarks Landscape Conservation Cooperative. The Condition Index ranks pixels (250-m) according to how well they meet the Desired State for the Open Pine habitat system, which is described qualitatively and quantitatively in the GCPO LCC’s draft Integrated Science Agenda (v4). Higher values indicate sites closer to the Desired State. Value of 1 indicates areas appropriate for restoration but currently under an alternative land use (i.e. potential habitat). Please see PDF file in the Open Pine folder in the Blueprint Gallery at https://gcpolcc.databasin.org/ for a full...
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The purpose of this data set is support resource allocation decisions (i.e. where to invest conservation effort) within the Gulf Coastal Plains and Ozarks Landscape Conservation Cooperative. The Protection Opportunity action map for the Open Pine habitat system ranks pixels (250-m) based primarily on the Open Pine Condition Index such that unprotected sites within healthy landscapes are ranked higher than those in very fragmented landscapes. Ranks are increased by information on existing partner interest (i.e. stated priority areas), elevated risk of change by 2060, and predicted occupancy of a majority of species identified in the GCPO LCC’s draft Integrated Science Agenda (v4). Areas ranked as high restoration...
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This data represents an assessment of forest patch size used in the ecological assessment of upland hardwood systems by the GCPO LCC. We used a combination of remote sensing products including 2011 National Land Cover Database (NLCD) forest classes and the 2011 MAV forest classification layer produced by the Lower Mississippi Valley Joint Venture to delineate patches of all forest types in the GCPO LCC. We used NLCD as the primary data source when assessing forests outside the GCPO LCC MAV subgeography, and the LMVJV forest classification as the primary data source for forest assessment within the MAV. NLCD was developed using 2011 Landsat TM imagery, with forest classes including only areas with trees exceeding...
Categories: Data; Types: ArcGIS REST Map Service, ArcGIS Service Definition, Downloadable, Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: BIOSPHERE, BIOSPHERE, ECOSYSTEMS, ECOSYSTEMS, FORESTS, All tags...
The desired ecological state for priority habitat systems should characterize the least impacted condition – systems in this condition should be targets for maintenance/protection and the goal of restoration activities in degraded systems. In the GCPO LCC Integrated Science Agenda (ISA), ageneral description of the desired ecological state for high gradient streams and rivers of the Ozark Highlands is: “Small springs, runs, and headwaters characterized by clear, clean, and relatively cold water in largely undisturbed forest settings.”To identify high gradient streams, a threshold of 2% slope was originally chosen to align with categories of “high” and “very high” established by the Southeast Aquatic Resources Partnership...


map background search result map search result map GCPO Forest Patches and Patch Sizes >3,000 ac GCPO Upland Hardwood Woodland and Forest Mask (250 m raster and vector proportion HUC12 watershed) Density of Live Trees in GCPO Upland Hardwood Woodlands and Forests Open Pine Condition Index Open Pine Protection Opportunities Dead-down wood (tons carbon/acre) in the GCPO LCC geography Future of Climate Change on a Species: A Tool for the Landscape Conservation Cooperatives Geospatial technologies for sustainable landscapes in the Caribbean Stream Impacts from Water Withdrawals in the Marcellus Shale Region Public Geospatial technologies for sustainable landscapes in the Caribbean Open Pine Protection Opportunities GCPO Forest Patches and Patch Sizes >3,000 ac GCPO Upland Hardwood Woodland and Forest Mask (250 m raster and vector proportion HUC12 watershed) Density of Live Trees in GCPO Upland Hardwood Woodlands and Forests Dead-down wood (tons carbon/acre) in the GCPO LCC geography Open Pine Condition Index Stream Impacts from Water Withdrawals in the Marcellus Shale Region Public Future of Climate Change on a Species: A Tool for the Landscape Conservation Cooperatives