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A sample of hydrothermally mineralized foraminifera ooze (D28A) was collected via dredge from a seamount within the Tuvalu Exclusive Economic Zone in the Pacific Ocean during cruise RR1310 funded by the National Science Foundation aboard the R/V Roger Revelle in 2013. USGS scientists requested these ferromanganese crust samples from the Oregon State University Marine and Geology Repository where they had been archived. Ferromanganese crust samples were sent to USGS for subsampling and x-ray diffraction analyses. Powder x-ray diffraction data for three layer-fractions of the hydrothermal sample are provided here. Measurements were made after heating to 115 C for 48 hours to test the stability of the phyllomanganate...
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Geochemical analyses of authigenic carbonates, bivalves, and pore fluids were performed on samples collected from seep fields along the Queen Charlotte Fault, a right lateral transform boundary that separates the Pacific and North American tectonic plates. Samples were collected using grab samplers and piston cores, and were collected during three different research cruises in 2011, 2015, and 2017.
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This portion of the data release presents radiocarbon age data from 66 samples collected from Anahola Valley (Kaua'i), Kahana Valley (O'ahu), and Pololu Valley (Hawai'i). Sample ages were determined by the National Ocean Sciences Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (NOSAMS) facility. The data are provided in a comma-delimited spreadsheet (.csv).
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Geochemical analysis of authigenic carbonates from the Cascadia Subduction Zone. Powdered carbonate samples for stable carbon (delta-C-13) and oxygen (delta-O-18) isotopes and carbonate phase were analyzed as a proxy for potential fluid sources, and to better understand how process, such as mixing, and oxidation, can alter the initial fluid isotopic composition and the archived fluid-source signature in the authigenic carbonates.
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This portion of the data release presents X-ray diffractograms of sediment subsamples from push cores collected from Loki's Castle and Favne vent fields, on the Mohns Ridge, in the Norwegian Sea. These data were collected in 2018 and 2019 (USGS Field Activity 2018-691-DD and 2019-624-FA). Location information for the sample is included in each Attribute Definition of this metadata file, as well as in the geochemical data table (LokisMohns_marine_mineral_geochemistry.csv) of this multi-table data release.
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This portion of the data release contains information on cores that were collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in Kahana Valley, O'ahu, Hawaii in 2015 and 2017. Sites were cored in order to describe wetland stratigraphy and to identify potential tsunami deposits. These cores contain mud, peat, fluvial sands, and marine carbonate sands, reflecting deposition in a variety of coastal environments. PDF files describe twenty-four (24) gouge and ‘Russian’ cores (hand held, side-filling peat augers) that were collected and described in the field. Cores collected in 2017 were described using the Troels-Smith sediment classification scheme (Troels-Smith, 1955; Nelson, 2015). Another pdf file (Kahana_cores_legend.pdf) contains...
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This portion of the data release contains information on vibracores that were collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in Pololu Valley, Island of Hawai'i in 2014. Five sites were cored in order to describe wetland stratigraphy and to identify potential tsunami deposits. These vibracores contain mud, peat, fluvial sands, and marine volcanic sands, reflecting deposition in a variety of coastal environments. Two (2) pdf files (VC1.pdf, VC2.pdf) describe vibracores that were split, imaged by a line-scanner camera, scanned to generate computed tomagraphic (CT) images, and visually described. A detailed description of the upper 150 cm of VC1 using the Troels-Smith sediment classification scheme (Troels-Smith, 1955; Nelson,...
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This data release compiles element composition data for more than 600 deep-ocean mineral samples from more than 25 research cruises in the Pacific Ocean since 1979 that involved USGS researchers. Deep-ocean mineral sample types encompassed in this data release include ferromanganese crusts, manganese nodules, phosphorites, and hydrothermal minerals. This data release is comprised of both unpublished as well as previously published data and reports and includes analytical methods and instrument detection limits whenever available.
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This data release contains geochemical data of sediment subsamples collected in 2018 and 2019 from Loki’s Ridge and Favne Vent Fields, Mohns Ridge, part of the Arctic Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Data include major, minor and trace element concentrations, location information (latitude, longitude, depth), analytical methods, and instrument detection limits where available.
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This dataset consists of short-term (less than 37 years) shoreline change rates for the exposed coast of the north coast of Alaska from Icy Cape to Cape Prince of Wales. Rate calculations were computed within a GIS using the Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 4.4, an ArcGIS extension developed by the U.S. Geological Survey. Rates of shoreline change were calculated using an end point rate-of-change (epr) method based on available shoreline data between 1980 and 2016. A reference baseline was used as the originating point for the orthogonal transects cast by the DSAS software. The transects intersect each shoreline establishing measurement points, which are then used to calculate shoreline change rates.
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This data set includes the sample site locations, site descriptions, and abiotic data used in the analyses reported in McKenna et al. 2008. The data represent selected abiotic conditions within the St. Lawrence and lower reaches of four US tributaries during 2004. Samples were collected from shallow, seinable areas (< 1.5 m) of the St. Lawrence River, adjacent wetland channels, and the lower reaches of major tributaries (Grass River, Raquette River, St. Regis River, and Salmon River). This part of the St. Lawrence River is non-tidal fresh water. Sample locations were randomly selected from a grid of spatial cells (1 km x 1 km) encompassing the area within the 5,700 ha Akwesasne Wetland Complex (at the intersection...
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This dataset consists of long-term (less than 68 years) shoreline change rates for the sheltered north coast of Alaska from Icy Cape to Cape Prince of Wales. Rate calculations were computed within a GIS using the Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 4.4, an ArcGIS extension developed by the U.S. Geological Survey. Rates of shoreline change were calculated using a linear regression rate-of-change (lrr) method based on available shoreline data between 1948 and 2016. A reference baseline was used as the originating point for the orthogonal transects cast by the DSAS software. The transects intersect each shoreline establishing measurement points, which are then used to calculate rates of change.
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This dataset consists of long-term (less than 68 years) shoreline change rates for the exposed coast of the north coast of Alaska from Icy Cape to Cape Prince of Wales. Rate calculations were computed within a GIS using the Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 4.4, an ArcGIS extension developed by the U.S. Geological Survey. Rates of shoreline change were calculated using a linear regression rate-of-change (lrr) method based on available shoreline data between 1948 and 2016. A reference baseline was used as the originating point for the orthogonal transects cast by the DSAS software. The transects intersect each shoreline establishing measurement points, which are then used to calculate shoreline change...
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This portion of the data release presents sediment grain-size data from samples collected from Anahola Valley, Kaua`i, Hawai`i in November, 2015 (USGS Field Activity 2015-671-FA). 63 sand and mud samples were taken from sediment cores that were collected using a Russian corer (a hand-held, side-filling peat auger) from two site locations. Site locations were determined using a hand-held global navigation satellite system, GNSS. The grain-size distributions of samples were determined using standard techniques developed by the USGS Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center sediment lab. The grain-size data are provided in a comma-delimited spreadsheet (.csv). Core ANA15-RC1 BR contained two carbonate sand layers (Sand...
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Ferromanganese crusts were collected via dredge from seamounts within the Tuvalu Exclusive Economic Zone in the Pacific Ocean during cruise RR1310 funded by the National Science Foundation aboard the R/V Roger Revelle in 2013. USGS scientists requested these ferromanganese crust samples from the Oregon State University Marine and Geology Repository where they had been archived. Ferromanganese crust samples were sent to USGS for subsampling and major and trace element geochemical and x-ray diffraction mineralogy analyses. Geochemical and mineralogy data, bulk and layer thickness information, as well as location information (latitude, longitude, depth) for each ferromanganese crust sample are provided here. These...
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Ferromanganese crusts were collected via dredge from seamounts within the Tuvalu Exclusive Economic Zone in the Pacific Ocean during cruise RR1310 funded by the National Science Foundation aboard the R/V Roger Revelle in 2013. USGS scientists requested these ferromanganese crust samples from the Oregon State University Marine and Geology Repository where they had been archived. Ferromanganese crust samples were sent to USGS for subsampling and major and trace element geochemical analyses. Major and trace element data and thickness for the ferromanganese crusts as well as location information (latitude, longitude, depth) for each sample are provided here.
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This dataset includes shorelines that span 68 years, from 1948 to 2016, for the north coast of Alaska from Icy Cape to Cape Prince of Wales. Shorelines were compiled from topographic survey sheets (T-sheets; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)) and aerial orthophotographs (U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and Alaska High Altitude Photography (AHAP)). Historical shoreline positions serve as easily understood features that can be used to describe the movement of beaches through time. These data are used to calculate rates of shoreline change for the U.S. Geological Survey's National Assessment of Shoreline Change Project. Rates of long-term and short-term shoreline change were generated in a GIS using...
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This data release contains information on computed tomography (CT) images of a vibracore that was collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in 2019. A site next to the San Lorenzo River in Henry Cowell Redwoods State Park, California, was cored to understand the history of recent vertical incision and floodplain abandonment. The core was split into 3 segments after collection. Each segment was scanned using a Geotek Rotating X-ray CT (RXCT) System and CT reconstruction was performed using Geotek reconstruction software. Geotek CT_Quickview software was used to select a representative down-core orthogonal slice from each core segment and the Geotek AddRuler software was used to display core-lengths in each image. The...
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This dataset includes a reference baseline used by the Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) to calculate rate-of-change statistics for the exposed coast of Alaska from Icy Cape and Cape Prince Wales for the time period 1948 to 2016. This baseline layer serves as the starting point for all transects cast by the DSAS application and can be used to establish measurement points used to calculate shoreline-change rates.
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First release: 2016 Revised: 2019 Isotopic analyses of authigenic carbonates and methanotrophic deep-sea mussels, Bathymodiolus sp., was performed on samples collected from seep fields in the Baltimore and Norfolk Canyons on the north Atlantic margin. Samples were collected using remotely operated underwater vehicles (ROVs) during three different research cruises in 2012, 2013, and 2015. Analyses were performed by several different laboratories, and the results are presented in spreadsheet format.


map background search result map search result map Geochemical analysis of authigenic carbonates and chemosynthetic mussels at Atlantic Margin seeps (ver. 2.0, March 2019) Sediment grain-size distributions of three carbonate sand layers in Anahola Valley, Kaua'i, Hawai'i (ver. 2.0, July 2023) Vibracore photographs, computed tomography scans, and core-log descriptions from Pololu Valley, Island of Hawaii Core descriptions and sand bed thickness data from Kahana Valley, O'ahu, Hawai'i Geochemical analysis of seeps along the Queen Charlotte Fault Radiocarbon data from coastal wetlands on the Hawaiian islands of Kaua'i, O'ahu, and Hawai'i Offshore baseline generated to calculate shoreline change rates for the north coast of Alaska, Icy Cape to Cape Prince of Wales Shorelines from 1948 to 2016 for the north coast of Alaska, Icy Cape to Cape Prince Wales used in shoreline change analysis Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 4.4 transects with long-term linear regression rate calculations for the exposed north coast of Alaska, from Icy Cape to Cape Prince of Wales Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 4.4 transects with short-term end-point rate-of-change calculations for the exposed north coast of Alaska, from Icy Cape to Cape Prince of Wales Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 4.4 transects with long-term linear regression rate calculations for the sheltered north coast of Alaska, from Icy Cape to Cape Prince of Wales Abiotic data collected in the St. Lawrence River and several tributaries in and adjacent to the Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe reservation in northern New York, 2004 Vibracore CT scans from the San Lorenzo River Major and trace element geochemistry and mineralogy of ferromanganese crusts from seamounts within the Tuvalu Exclusive Economic Zone Marine mineral geochemical data - Part One: Pacific Ocean USGS-affiliated historical data X-ray diffraction data for heat treated samples of hydrothermal minerals from seamounts within the Tuvalu Exclusive Economic Zone Major and trace element geochemistry of ferromanganese crusts from seamounts within the Tuvalu Exclusive Economic Zone Geochemistry of authigenic carbonates from Cascadia Margin Geochemistry of sediment subsamples from Loki's Castle and Favne Vent Fields, Mohns Ridge X-ray diffraction data (XRD) for sediment subsamples from push cores from Loki's Castle and Favne vent fields, Mohns Ridge Vibracore CT scans from the San Lorenzo River Sediment grain-size distributions of three carbonate sand layers in Anahola Valley, Kaua'i, Hawai'i (ver. 2.0, July 2023) Vibracore photographs, computed tomography scans, and core-log descriptions from Pololu Valley, Island of Hawaii X-ray diffraction data for heat treated samples of hydrothermal minerals from seamounts within the Tuvalu Exclusive Economic Zone Core descriptions and sand bed thickness data from Kahana Valley, O'ahu, Hawai'i Abiotic data collected in the St. Lawrence River and several tributaries in and adjacent to the Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe reservation in northern New York, 2004 Geochemical analysis of authigenic carbonates and chemosynthetic mussels at Atlantic Margin seeps (ver. 2.0, March 2019) Geochemistry of sediment subsamples from Loki's Castle and Favne Vent Fields, Mohns Ridge X-ray diffraction data (XRD) for sediment subsamples from push cores from Loki's Castle and Favne vent fields, Mohns Ridge Geochemistry of authigenic carbonates from Cascadia Margin Radiocarbon data from coastal wetlands on the Hawaiian islands of Kaua'i, O'ahu, and Hawai'i Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 4.4 transects with long-term linear regression rate calculations for the sheltered north coast of Alaska, from Icy Cape to Cape Prince of Wales Geochemical analysis of seeps along the Queen Charlotte Fault Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 4.4 transects with short-term end-point rate-of-change calculations for the exposed north coast of Alaska, from Icy Cape to Cape Prince of Wales Shorelines from 1948 to 2016 for the north coast of Alaska, Icy Cape to Cape Prince Wales used in shoreline change analysis Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 4.4 transects with long-term linear regression rate calculations for the exposed north coast of Alaska, from Icy Cape to Cape Prince of Wales Offshore baseline generated to calculate shoreline change rates for the north coast of Alaska, Icy Cape to Cape Prince of Wales Major and trace element geochemistry and mineralogy of ferromanganese crusts from seamounts within the Tuvalu Exclusive Economic Zone Major and trace element geochemistry of ferromanganese crusts from seamounts within the Tuvalu Exclusive Economic Zone Marine mineral geochemical data - Part One: Pacific Ocean USGS-affiliated historical data