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Geographic patterns and time trends of water-quality, modeled streamflow, and ecological data were compared along the Canadian River and selected tributaries in northeastern New Mexico to Lake Eufaula in Oklahoma to determine effects of climate change on water quality, streamflows, fish populations and ecological flows in this watershed from 1939 to 2013. Project participants included staff from the Oklahoma Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Vieux and Associates, USGS New Jersey Water Science Center and the USGS Oklahoma Water Science Center. Principal project funding was by the South Central Climate Science Center, with in-kind matching from the project participant organizations.
Precipitation varied substantially in the Mojave Desert through the 20th century in a manner broadly similar to the other warm North American deserts. Episodes of drought and prolonged dry conditions (1893–1904, ca. 1942–1975, and 1999-present) alternated with relatively wet periods (1905–ca. 1941 and ca. 1976–1998), probably because of global-scale climate fluctuations. These are the El Niño-Southern Oscillation that affects interannual climate and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation that evidently causes decadal-scale variability such as prolonged dry and wet episodes. Studies done in the late 20th century demonstrate that precipitation fluctuations affected populations of perennial vegetation, annuals, and small...
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Baseline (1961-1990) average total precipitation (mm) for Alaska and Western Canada. Baseline results for 1961-1990 are derived from Climate Research Unit (CRU) TS 3.1.01 data. Data courtesy of Scenarios Network for Alaska and Arctic Planning. The file names identifies whether a file represents an annual (i.e., annual) mean or a seasonal mean (i.e., summer or winter). Summer is defined as June - August; winter is defined as December - February.
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Baseline (1961-1990) average air temperature (degree F) for Alaska and Western Canada. This zip file contains three GeoTIFF rasters. The file names identifies whether a file represents an annual mean or a seasonal mean (i.e., summer or winter). Summer is defined as June - August; winter is defined as December - February. Baseline data are derived from Climate Research Unit (CRU) TS 3.1 data. CRU data courtesy of Scenarios Network for Alaska and Arctic Planning.
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Baseline (1961-1990) average air temperature (degree C) for Alaska and Western Canada. This zip file contains three GeoTIFF rasters. The file names identifies whether a file represents an annual mean or a seasonal mean (i.e., summer or winter). Summer is defined as June - August; winter is defined as December - February. Baseline data are derived from Climate Research Unit (CRU) TS 3.1 data. CRU data courtesy of Scenarios Network for Alaska and Arctic Planning.
Climate models predict, and empirical evidence confirms, that more extreme precipitation regimes are occurring in tandem with warmer atmospheric temperatures. These more extreme rainfall patterns are characterized by increased event size separated by longer within season drought periods and represent novel climatic conditions whose consequences for different ecosystem types are largely unknown. Here, we present results from an experiment in which more extreme rainfall patterns were imposed in three native grassland sites in the Central Plains Region of North America, USA. Along this 600 km precipitation–productivity gradient, there was strong sensitivity of temperate grasslands to more extreme growing season rainfall...
The South-Central U.S. is home to diverse climates and ecosystems, strong agricultural and energy sectors, and fast-growing urban areas. All share a critical need for water, which is becoming an increasingly scarce resource across the region as aquifers are overdrawn and populations grow. Understanding what brings rain to this region, and how the timing and amount of precipitation may be affected by climate change, is essential for effective water planning and management. However, currently available information on long-term precipitation trends for the South Central region is often perceived to be irrelevant to community planners and water managers, due to multiple factors including mismatches between the time...
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Baseline (1961-1990) average total precipitation (inches) for Alaska and Western Canada. This zip file contains three GeoTIFF rasters. The file names identifies whether a file represents an annual mean or a seasonal mean (i.e., summer or winter). Summer is defined as June - August; winter is defined as December - February. Baseline data are derived from Climate Research Unit (CRU) TS 3.1.01 data. CRU data courtesy of Scenarios Network for Alaska and Arctic Planning.
In arid/semi-arid ecosystems, biological resources, such as water, soil nutrients, and plant biomass, typically go through periods of high and low abundance. Short periods of high resource abundance are usually triggered by rainfall events, which, despite of the overall scarcity of rain, can saturate the resource demand of some biological processes for a time. This review develops the idea that there exists a hierarchy of soil moisture pulse events with a corresponding hierarchy of ecological responses, such that small pulses only trigger a small number of relatively minor ecological events, and larger pulses trigger a more inclusive set and some larger ecological events. This framework hinges on the observation...


    map background search result map search result map Baseline 1961-1990 Average Air Temperature, Celsius Baseline 1961-1990 Average Total Precipitation, Inches Baseline 1961-1990 Average Air Temperature, Fahrenheit Baseline 1961-1990 Average Total Precipitation, Millimeters Baseline (1961-1990) Rasters Baseline 1961-1990 Average Air Temperature, Celsius Baseline 1961-1990 Average Total Precipitation, Inches Baseline 1961-1990 Average Air Temperature, Fahrenheit Baseline 1961-1990 Average Total Precipitation, Millimeters Baseline (1961-1990) Rasters